Land Public Transport Agency (Malaysia)
The Land Public Transport Commission (Malay: Suruhanjaya Pengangkutan Awam Darat), Abbr.: SPAD, was a Malaysian statutory body set up to plan for, regulate and enforce rules concerning land-based public and freight transport in Malaysia from 2010 to 2018. In 2018, the SPAD was dissolved and rebranded as the Land Public Transport Agency (Agensi Pengangkutan Awam Darat: Abbr, APAD) which was absorbed into Ministry of Transport.
|Suruhanjaya Pengangkutan Awam Darat|
|Formed||3 June 2010|
|Dissolved||23 May 2018|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Malaysia|
|Headquarters||Kuala Lumpur Sentral, 50470 Kuala Lumpur|
The commission was set up through the Public Land Transport Commission Act of 2010 which was passed by the Malaysian Parliament in May 2010. The commission's powers are derived from the Public Land Transport Act of 2010 which was passed at the same time. The Public Land Transport Act was gazetted on 3 June 2010, making it the official day of establishment of the Commission.
The first Chairman of the Commission was Syed Hamid Albar while the Chief Executive Officer of the Commission was Mohd Nur Ismal Mohamed Kamal. Both were appointed by Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak and their appointments were effective 3 June 2010.
SPAD plans, regulates and enforces all matters relating to Public Land transport and has jurisdiction over Peninsula Malaysia. The Commercial Vehicles Licensing Board, Department of Railways and the Ministry of Tourism continue to exercise their respective powers in Sabah and Sarawak.
Policy and PlanningEdit
The Policy, Planning and Research Division’s main function is to motivate demand in public transport among the masses through the provision of a user-friendly and sustainable public transport ecosystem. SPAD's National Public Land Transport Master Plan was released in September 2012.
SPAD has its own enforcement officers. Their powers to carry out enforcement work are derived from the Public Land Transport Act 2010. The duties of SPAD enforcement officers include inspection of public transport and freight vehicles to ensure that they are road worthy, and have valid licenses and other documents; inspection of drivers, conductors and co-drivers to ensure that they are fit; inspection of travel tickets; and the clamping down on touting and soliciting. SPAD enforcement officers work hand-in-hand with enforcement officers from other agencies such as the Road Transport Department (RTD) and the Royal Malaysian Police (RMP).
National Public Land Transport Master PlanEdit
SPAD released the National Public Land Transport Master Plan in September 2012. It is a 20-year master plan aimed at both the national and regional levels. The strategic objectives outlined in the master plan are as follows:
- Physical connectivity to encourage the use of public transport;
- Affordability and accessibility so that public transport is available to all walks of life;
- High service level, quality and convenience to meet the public's expectations of service, reliability and all-round user-friendliness;
- Safety and security so that the public can be assured of their personal safety while using public transport; and
- Better quality of life by aspiring towards a clean and green environment.
After the 2018 general election that saw the downfall of BN government, on 23 May 2018 new Prime Minister Dr. Mahathir Mohamad of the new Pakatan Harapan (PH) coalition federal government announced that the SPAD was among few government departments that will be abolished. Transport Minister Anthony Loke told Mohd Isa to resign from SPAD chairman within a week. Mohd Isa resigned as SPAD chairman on 29 May 2018.
- "What We Do". Public Land Transport Commission. Archived from the original on 6 April 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- "Members of Commission". Archived from the original on 5 April 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- "Isa resigns as FGV head appointed acting SPAD chairman". Free Malaysia Today. 19 June 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- "National Public Land Transport Masterplan" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 July 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- "Dr M: SPAD, Pemandu, JASA and MPN among agencies to be abolished". The Star. 23 May 2018. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
- "4 Agensi Dibubarkan Kerajaan Bawah Pimpinan Tun Mahathir. Apa Fungsi Mereka Sebelum Ni?". CILISOS (in Malay). 23 May 2018. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- "Isa Samad told to tender resignation from SPAD within a week". The Star. 23 May 2018. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
- "Isa Samad letak jawatan pengerusi SPAD". The Star (in Malay). 30 May 2018. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
- "Loke: SPAD to be swapped for APAD". 7 June 2018. Retrieved 21 September 2018.