La Turbie (French pronunciation: [la tyʁbi]; Occitan: A Torbia; Italian: Turbia) is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France.

La Turbie
The church of La Turbie and the Tropaeum Alpium
The church of La Turbie and the Tropaeum Alpium
Coat of arms of La Turbie
Location of La Turbie
La Turbie is located in France
La Turbie
La Turbie
La Turbie is located in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
La Turbie
La Turbie
Coordinates: 43°44′47″N 7°24′06″E / 43.7464°N 7.4017°E / 43.7464; 7.4017
RegionProvence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
IntercommunalityCA Riviera Française
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Jean-Jacques Raffaele[1]
7.42 km2 (2.86 sq mi)
 • Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
06150 /06320
Elevation146–658 m (479–2,159 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

History edit

La Turbie was famous in Roman times for the large monument, the Trophy of Augustus, that Augustus made to celebrate his victory over the Ligurian tribes of the area. During the Middle Ages, the village (called then Turbia) was mainly under the dominion of the Republic of Genoa. Dante wrote in his Divina Commedia that Turbia was the western limit of the Italian Liguria.

It was alternatively part of Savoy or the Principality of Monaco, from where the population of Turbia has assimilated the dialect Monegasque, even if the local Ligurian dialect has maintained some characteristics of the nearby Niçois of Nice. Actually the local dialect is nearly extinct, mainly after the 1860 inclusion of the Sardinian County of Nice in France.

La Turbie is the cradle of automobile mountain races.[3] On 31 January 1897, the last stage of the Marseilles-Nice race was a 17 km hillclimb between Nice and La Turbie; André Michelin, at the wheel of a De Dion powered by a steam engine, won the race at the incredible average speed of 31.8 km per h. On 30 March 1900, German driver Wilhelm Bauer crashed and died, being the first driver killed during a hillclimb speed event. On 1 April 1903, William Eliot Morris Zborowski, Count de Montsaulvain, died at the wheel of his Mercedes nearly at the same place as Bauer. As reported in The New York Times, 2 April 1903, the French Minister of the Interior ordered the Prefect of Alpes-Maritimes to "stop the further use of the Nice-La Turbie course for automobiles." The race organizer, the Nice Automobile Club, obtained the lift of the ban in 1909 and the race resumed.

Hans Stuck winning the 1938 La Turbie event with a double rear wheel Auto Union Type C

From 1968 to 1995, nearly the same route was used for the last stage of the cyclist race Paris-Nice (excepting 1977). This time trial often decided the final winner of Paris-Nice. In 1972, Raymond Poulidor defeated Eddy Merckx, who had defeated Jacques Anquetil three years before. Sean Kelly, seven-time winner of Paris-Nice (1981-1988), won the La Turbie hillclimb five times.

On 13 September 1982, Princess Grace de Monaco was killed in a car accident at Cap-d'Ail, near La Turbie, but on a road called "Route de la Turbie".[4]

The commune formerly included the communes of Beausoleil and Cap-d'Ail, which was disestablished at the beginning of the 20th century. Only the old main town, around the remaining structure of the Roman Trophy of Augustus, forms the current commune.

Geography edit

The boundaries of La Turbie were formerly more extensive and included the territory now contained in the town of Beausoleil, formerly known as Haut-Monte-Carlo, owing to its proximity to Monaco. The commune of La Turbie retains a smaller, common boundary with part of the Principality.

La Turbie can be reached either from Cap-d'Ail on the coast or the Grand Corniche. Within the town is the Trophy of Augustus, also known as the Trophée des Alpes.

Sights edit

A limestone outcrop above La Turbie is called the Tête de Chien ("head of dog"), a folk etymology deriving from its former name, Testa de camp ("head of (military) camp").[5]

La Turbie is built, partly, with old stones recovered from the ruins of the Trophy of the Alpes (Trophy of Augustus), a Roman monument built by the Emperor Augustus to celebrate his victory over the Ligurian tribes which lived in the mountains of the area and attacked the merchants plying the Roman trade routes.

The association football club AS Monaco FC have their training ground in La Turbie since 1981. The training center is located in an old quarry and has 2 natural grass pitches as well as an artificial turf "small pitch".[6]

Population edit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1968 1,761—    
1975 1,826+0.52%
1982 1,969+1.08%
1990 2,609+3.58%
1999 3,021+1.64%
2007 3,160+0.56%
2012 3,179+0.12%
2017 3,063−0.74%
Source: INSEE[7]

Twin towns — sister cities edit

La Turbie is twinned with:

Personalities edit

In pop culture edit

La Turbie was one of the locations where the 1998 film Ronin was filmed.[8] La Turbie also featured as a location in the 1943 novel "Biggles Fails to Return" by author Captain W.E. Johns.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires"., Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2021". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2023.
  3. ^ a b "La Turbie (Municipality, Alpes-Maritimes, France)".
  4. ^ Haberman, Clyde (15 September 1982). "PRINCESS GRACE IS DEAD AFTER RIVIERA CAR CRASH". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  5. ^ A Book of the Riviera, Sabine Baring-Gould, 1905
  6. ^ "Presentation of the Training Center | Club | AS Monaco FC". Retrieved 15 March 2017.
  7. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  8. ^ "Ronin". The Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 14 December 2010.

External links edit