LaSalle is a city in LaSalle County, Illinois, United States, located at the intersection of Interstates 39 and 80. It is part of the Ottawa, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area. Originally platted in 1837 over one square mile (2.6 square kilometers), the city's boundaries have grown to 12 sq mi (31 km2). City boundaries extend from the Illinois River and Illinois and Michigan Canal to a mile north of Interstate 80 and from the city of Peru on the west to the village of North Utica on the east. Starved Rock State Park is located approximately 5 mi (8 km) to the east. The population was 9,582 as of the 2020 census, down from 9,609 at the 2010 census. LaSalle and its twin city, Peru, make up the core of the Illinois Valley. Due to their combined dominance of the zinc processing industry in the early 1900s, they were collectively nicknamed "Zinc City."
|Townships||LaSalle, Utica, Peru, Waltham, Dimmick|
|• Mayor||Jeff Grove|
|• Total||13.57 sq mi (35.14 km2)|
|• Land||13.46 sq mi (34.85 km2)|
|• Water||0.11 sq mi (0.29 km2)|
|Elevation||517 ft (158 m)|
(ABC Wire, Inc.)
|655 ft (200 m)|
(Illinois and Michigan Canal)
|438 ft (134 m)|
|• Density||706.12/sq mi (272.68/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|Area code(s)||815, 779|
|Wikimedia Commons||LaSalle, Illinois|
Canal port (1836–1933)Edit
The Illinois and Michigan Canal was first thought up by French explorer, Louis Joliet. Much later, when Illinois became a state, the idea of a canal connecting Lake Michigan to the Illinois River was supported by many, including Abraham Lincoln. The 96 miles long canal was finally constructed between 1836 and 1848. Upon its completion, Chicago became the eastern terminus and LaSalle became the western terminus. LaSalle boomed as a transshipment point from canal boats coming from Chicago to steamboats going to St. Louis and New Orleans. It became a place where Northern and Southern culture met.
It is difficult to imagine the level of frenzied activity that once took place at locks 14 and 15, where the canal boat basin and the steamboat basins were located. Steamboats from New Orleans unloaded molasses, sugar, coffee, and fresh oranges and lemons. Canal boats from Chicago brought lumber, stoves, wagons, and the latest clothing styles from the east. Local farmers hauled corn and wheat to be shipped to Chicago and points east. Passengers hustled to make connections to canal boats bound for Chicago or steamboats headed to St. Louis and beyond. Hotels and other services were available to travelers. Many stores grew catering to canal trade.
Today the story can be told at the La Salle Canal Boat, the Volunteer.
Zinc City (1858–1978)Edit
By the mid 1850s, LaSalle had begun to exploit the coal that lay underneath much of the city. The LaSalle Coal Mining Company completed the first shaft in 1856 and many other companies soon followed suit. By 1884 there were six shafts in the area, the deepest 452 feet. The history of LaSalle would have played out very differently were it not for the arrival of two immigrants in 1858. Frederick William Matthiessen met German born Edward C. Hegeler at a prestigious mining school, and after graduating in 1856, the two traveled together to the United States. In 1858, attracted by the abundance of coal, coupled with the excellent transportation links provided by the canal and the Illinois Central Railroad, they chose LaSalle as the site for an innovative zinc smelting plant –the first in the United States. Before the plant opened, nearly all of the zinc used in the United States was imported. Zinc is needed to make brass and was a common fire-proofing material. Most significantly, zinc was used to prevent corrosion of iron and steel. With the opening of the first steel production plant in Joliet in the early 1870s, zinc became an important part of the local industrial economy. In a decade the Matthiessen and Hegeler Zinc Works became the largest producer of zinc in the country, and one of the largest in the world.
The Matthiessens, Hegelers and their families were very involved in developing the community. They helped found industries such as the LaSalle Machine and Tool Company and the Western Clock Co. that would later become Westclox. Mary Hegeler married Dr. Paul Carus, who founded the Open Court Publishing Company in 1887, whose mission was "establishing ethics and religion upon a scientific basis" and was a key figure in introducing Eastern thought to the United States, making LaSalle "Buddhism's Gateway to the West." Matthiessen was a philanthropist, who served as Mayor of LaSalle from 1886–1895. He gave thousands of dollars to help build the sewer system, the electric light plant, and various roads and bridges. As the first president of the LaSalle-Peru High School Board, he was a generous donor to the school. In 1914, Matthiessen established the Hygienic Institute to combat epidemics. A public benefactor in the best sense of the word, Matthiessen opened much of his estate, called Deer Park, to the public with the nominal entrance fee going to charity. In 1943, this property was named Matthiessen State Park in his honor. On the day of his funeral in February 1918, the entire community suspended all business between 11 and 12 o’clock.
Today, this story is told at the Hegeler-Carus Mansion.
Little Reno (1933–1953)Edit
With the end of Prohibition in 1933, saloons no longer operated under the euphemism of "soft drink" vendors, and these and related gambling concerns flourished. Although illegal, gambling proliferated in LaSalle, supporting the abundant and related tobacco, liquor, food, and lodging businesses.
Travelers arrived by car or via the Rock Island Rocket from Chicago for a Saturday night's revelry in such numbers that the streets of LaSalle are said to have been standing-room only. There was wall to wall entertainment along First Street, at the heart of which was the Kelly and Cawley liquor and gambling house. LaSalle became known as "Little Reno" and boasted dozens of clubs. With between 60 and 80 saloons in LaSalle from 1940 to 1950 this continued to be the town's primary commercial enterprise. In 1953 a federal raid on Kelly and Cawley's ended the era.
The following businesses have more than 100 people staffed, making them the six largest in LaSalle:
- J.C. Whitney 313
- Carus Chemical 264
- Illinois Veteran's Home 200
- LaSalle-Peru Township High School 180
- Illinois Cement Company 148
- News-Tribune 101
LaSalle-Peru is at the center of a network of Illinois' largest cities, between Rockford, the Quad Cities, Peoria, Bloomington, and Aurora and Joliet at the edge of Chicagoland. They are at the crossroads of I-39 and I-80. It is located on a bluff above the Illinois River and the Illinois and Michigan Canal. The scenic sandstone bluffs and rivers of the area make it a destination for hiking and adventure tourism. LaSalle is the closest large town to two of Illinois most popular parks: Starved Rock State Park and Matthiessen State Park (created from the estate of LaSalle industrialist Frederick William Matthiessen).
The development of a coal mining region fragmented this micropolitan area into many small towns. LaSalle and Peru make up the center of this community often referred to as the Illinois Valley. There is a dense halo of small towns surrounding the twin cities, most of them formed as mining and industrial suburbs. These towns span Bureau, Putnam, and LaSalle Counties and include former coal mining towns of Spring Valley, Oglesby, Cherry, Ladd, Dalzell, Seatonville, Hollowayville, Mark, Granville, Standard, and Cedar Point, the industrial river and canal towns of Utica, Hennepin, and DePue, as well as the agricultural towns of Tonica, Lostant, McNabb, Magnolia, Arlington, and Troy Grove. When looking at job interdependence, these communities form a single whole. The population of LaSalle-Peru and its suburbs is over 42,000. Due to the fragmentation of the community across municipal, township, and county borders, the true size of the community is rarely measured. LaSalle-Peru and its suburbs form the largest community (20,696 jobs) in the Ottawa, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area where they compete with Ottawa-Marseilles and its suburbs (19,095 jobs) and the smaller trade centers of Streator (8,224 jobs), Princeton (9,322 jobs), and Mendota (5,813 jobs). The trade area of LaSalle-Peru also extends into Marshall County and the eastern portion of Lee County. The Ottawa Micropolitan Statistical Area is the 9th Largest Statistical Area in Illinois.
Downtown LaSalle is the hub of the community. The principal shopping streets are First Street, Marquette Street, and Gooding Street. It is one of the largest employment centers in the area with over 1,400 jobs. Downtown LaSalle hosts approximately 248 active businesses These small Downtown businesses cumulatively represent approximately and $419 million in gross annual sales.
La Salle is located at (41.341056, −89.090834).
According to the 2010 census, LaSalle has a total area of 11.853 square miles (30.70 km2), of which 11.76 square miles (30.46 km2) (or 99.22%) is land and 0.093 square miles (0.24 km2) (or 0.78%) is water. This has grown to 12.11 sq mi (31.4 km2), 12.11 sq mi (31.4 km2), and 0.1 sq mi (0.26 km2) since.
|Climate data for LaSalle, Illinois|
|Record high °F (°C)||66
|Average high °F (°C)||30
|Average low °F (°C)||14
|Record low °F (°C)||−26
Entertainment and the ArtsEdit
La Salle is part of an extensive arts network including the Illinois Valley Symphony Orchestra, Illinois Valley Youth Symphony Orchestra, and Stage 212 community theater. The Dance Center, Music Suite 408, and Maestro & Mi provide dance and music lessons to students of all ages. North Central Illinois ARTworks is a regional non-profit arts advocacy organization dedicated to supporting and expanding the arts community in the area; local visual artists often display their works in the gallery in the historic Westclox building. Matthiessen Auditorium at La Salle-Peru Township High School hosts many performing arts groups, including the LaSalle-Peru Township High School band, jazz band, choir, musical, and local junior high bands
The Jazz in the Street festival has been held annually since 2006 in mid- September. Most years, there have been appearances by locally popular bands, including the Illinois Valley Community College and even Northern Illinois University jazz bands.
- I &M Canal National Heritage Area Visitor's Center & LaSalle Canal Boat, also called "Lock 16" (there are only 15 locks on the I&M Canal). In the Lock 14 basin, just south of downtown La Salle is the Volunteer, an 1880s replica Canal Boat. Tourists can enjoy a mule pulled ride on the waterway that changed the face of the nation – the historic Illinois & Michigan Canal. The one-hour, round-trip journey on a full-size replica canal boat will take you on the same hand-dug waterway that 19th-century pioneers traveled. The guides, dressed as Canal Era crew and passengers, will take you back in time to life on the American frontier and the Illinois prairie. Near the boat dock and the mule corral are thirteen full-size steel silhouettes representing ten passengers who rode a canal boat between 1848 and 1853 and three men who worked on the packet boats. The silhouettes and their labels introduce you to mule driver Wild Bill Hickok, Abraham Lincoln and his family, Chief Shabonna, and others.
- Hegeler-Carus Mansion. The mansion, built in 1874 for the Hegeler Family by W. W. Boyington, is a lavish Victorian-era home with 57 rooms, 10 fireplaces, the oldest private gymnasium in America, and a dining room table that seats 22 people. A showcase of premier 19th-century architecture and design, the mansion features intricate, hand-painted walls and ceilings, elaborate woodwork, century-old chandeliers, parquet floors, floor-to-ceiling windows; etched glass windows and other fine details.
- Westclox Museum
- LaSalle County Historical Society Museum
- Starved Rock Visitor Center
- Illinois Waterway Visitor Center
- Wild Bill Hickok Memorial
- Putnam County Pulsifer House & Ag Museum
Downtown LaSalle is a historic district with many historical structures and shops and boutiques that cater to tourists.
LaSalle has several National Historical Structures: Hotel Kaskaskia, the Hegeler-Carus Mansion, the Julius W. Hegeler House, and the LaSalle City Building. LaSalle also has a National Historic Landmark, in the Hegeler Carus Mansion.
There is a strong Little League of nearly 30 baseball teams. The Illinois Valley Youth Football League folded in the mid 2000s, giving way to the LaSalle-Peru Youth Football League.
For newspaper, the NewsTribune serves the area, as well as many Chicago newspapers.
LaSalle-Peru Township High School serves 9th–12th graders. LaSalle Elementary School District 122 (made up of two schools: Lincoln Junior High and Northwest Elementary) offers education for grades PreK-8th, as well as Trinity Catholic Academy.
|Decennial US Census|
As of the 2010 Census there were 9,609 people, 3,970 households, and 2,389 families residing in the city. The population density was 778 people per square mile (300/km2). There were 4,437 housing units at an average density of 367 per square mile (142/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.2% White, 1.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 5.7% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.2% of the population.
There were 3,970 households, out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 25.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.00.
The city's age distribution consisted of 23.5% under the age of 18, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.4 years, and females made up 49.7% of the population.
The city is at the crossroads of Interstate 80 and Interstate 39. Illinois Route 351 separates the east and west of US Route 6. US Route 51 also runs through the city. The CSX New Rock Subdivision runs through town, with Iowa Interstate Railroad running via trackage rights. The Illinois Railway LaSalle Line also runs through town, crossing the CSX Line and continuing on to a sand pit that they service.
Points of interestEdit
- James T. Aubrey, Jr. (1918–1994), television and film executive, born in LaSalle
- H. R. Baukhage (1889–1976), newsman, born in LaSalle
- Heinie Berger (1882–1954), pitcher for the Cleveland Naps, born in LaSalle
- Timothy Blackstone (1829–1900), executive, businessman, philanthropist, and politician, second mayor of LaSalle
- Alexander Campbell (1814–1898), Illinois politician, first mayor of LaSalle
- Paul Carus (1852‑1919), German-American editor and first managing editor of Open Court Publishing Company and first editor of The Monist, lived in the Hegeler Carus Mansion
- Hal Cherne (1907–1983), offensive lineman for the Boston Redskins, born in LaSalle
- Lynden Evans (1858–1926), U.S. Representative, born in LaSalle
- John Fitzpatrick (1904–1990), coach for the Los Angeles Angels, born in LaSalle
- Mike Goff, offensive guard for the Kansas City Chiefs; attended LaSalle-Peru High School
- Edward C. Hegeler (1835–1910), German-American manufacturer and founder of Open Court Publishing Company and The Monist; built the Hegeler Carus Mansion
- Thomas L. Kilbride, Illinois Supreme Court Justice, born in LaSalle
- Harry Lachman (1886-1975), artist and film director, born in LaSalle
- Albert C. Martin, Sr. (1879–1960), architect and engineer, born in LaSalle
- Frederick William Matthiessen (1835–1918) philanthropist, industrialist, and former Mayor of LaSalle
- Philip Godfrey Reinhard, federal judge, born in LaSalle
- Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki (1870–1966), noted western author of Buddhist and Zen teachings, worked on writings and translations at the Hegeler Carus Mansion
- Walt Tauscher (1901–1992), pitcher for the Pittsburgh Pirates and Washington Senators, born in LaSalle
- Luke Yaklich, head coach for the UIC Flames men's basketball team, attended LaSalle-Peru High School and formerly coached its basketball team
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
- "Illinois Valley Area Chamber of Commerce and Economic Development". ivaced.org. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- Illinois Central Magazine. Illinois Central Railroad Company. 1922. p. 43.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-06. Retrieved 2015-02-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Comprehensive State of the City" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-06-30.
- "OnTheMap". onthemap.ces.census.gov. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
- weather.com (2014). "LaSalle, Illinois Weather". LaSalle, Illinois Weather Data. Open Publishing. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
- "1914 La Salle Blue Sox". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010". United States Census Bureau. US Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
- "LaSalle, Illinois". State and County Quick Facts. US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
|Wikisource has the text of The New Student's Reference Work article "Lasalle".|