La Bretagne ouvrière, paysanne et maritime

La Bretagne ouvrière, paysanne et maritime ('Workers', Peasants' and Sailors' Brittany') was a weekly newspaper published 1935-1950 in Brittany, France. It a regional organ of the French Communist Party in Brittany.[1][2]

La Bretagne ouvrière, paysanne et maritime
La Bretagne ouvrière, paysanne et maritime May 1 1941 issue.png
May 1, 1941 issue of La Bretagne ouvrière, paysanne et maritime
TypeWeekly; irregular underground publication during the Second World War
FoundedOctober 5, 1935
Political alignmentCommunist
LanguageFrench language
Ceased publication1950

The newspaper was launched on October 5, 1935 by Auguste Havez.[1][3][4] The launching of the new publication was helped by the communist parliamentarian Alain Signor.[5] The newspaper was initially published from Douarnenez.[1] It replaced the publication La République ouvrière et paysanne ('The Workers' and Peasants' Republic').[6] La Bretagne ouvrière, paysanne et maritime was distributed throughout Finistère, Côtes-du-Nord and a section of Morbihan.[2][3]

La Bretagne ouvrière, paysanne et maritime was banned, along with all other communist newspapers, by the Daladier government in 1939.[3] Around March/April 1941 it re-appeared as a clandestine publication in Brest, no longer as a weekly.[1][7] It was distributed in Rennes and Nantes.[7] A handful of copies of the newspaper from this period are archived at the French National Library.[8]

In the post-war era, La Bretagne ouvrière, paysanne et maritime was the organ of the Finistère Federation of the Communist Party.[9] The newspaper was closed down in June 1950.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e French National Library. La Bretagne ouvrière, paysanne, maritime
  2. ^ a b Leguen, Marcel. Deux siècles de presse écrite en Bretagne. [Spézet]: Coop Breizh, 2002. p. 111
  3. ^ a b c Feyel, Gilles. La distribution et la diffusion de la presse, du XVIIIe siècle au IIIe millénaire. Paris: Panthéon-Assas, 2002. p. 289
  4. ^ Gotovitch, José, and Aldo Agosti. Komintern: l'histoire et les hommes: dictionnaire biographique de l'Internationale communiste en France, en Belgique, au Luxembourg, en Suisse et à Moscou (1919-1943). Paris: Ed. de l'Atelier, Ed. Ouvrières, 2001. p. 454
  5. ^ French National Assembly. Alain SIGNOR (1905 - 1970)
  6. ^ Bougeard, Christian. La Bretagne d'une guerre à l'autre: (1914-1945). [Paris]: Gisserot, 1999. p. 71
  7. ^ a b Sainclivier, Jacqueline. La Bretagne dans la guerre: 1939-1945. Rennes: Ed. Ouest-France [u.a.], 1994. p. 140
  8. ^ Sainclivier, Jacqueline. La résistance en Ille-&-Vilaine, 1940-1944. [Rennes]: PUR, Presses universitaires Rennes, 1993. p. 11
  9. ^ Historiens et géographes, Eds. 356–357. Association des professeurs d'histoire et géographie., 1997. p. 189

External linksEdit