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Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Equatorial Guinea may face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity is legal in Equatorial Guinea, however LGBT persons face stigmatization among the broader population, and same-sex couples and households headed by same-sex couples are not eligible for the same legal protections available as opposite-sex couples.[1]

Gender identityNo
Discrimination protectionsNo
Family rights
Recognition of relationshipsNo


Laws regarding same-sex sexual activityEdit

Although are no laws against homosexuality in Equatorial Guinea, the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA) report "there is evidence that State intimidation of sexually diverse individuals persists." The criminal code in force in Equatorial Guinea is a revision of the Spanish Criminal Code that dates back to the Francoist era and is said to post-colonially carry anti-homophobic undertones that influence those perception today.[1][2]

Recognition of same-sex relationshipsEdit

Same-sex couples have no legal recognition.

Discrimination protectionsEdit

There is no protection against discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.

Living conditionsEdit

The U.S. Department of State's 2010 Human Rights Report found that "there are no laws criminalizing sexual orientation; however, societal stigmatization and traditional discrimination against gay men and lesbians was strong, and the government made little effort to combat it".[3]

Summary tableEdit

Same-sex sexual activity legal   (Always legal)
Equal age of consent   (Since 1931)[4]
Anti-discrimination laws in hate speech and violence  
Anti-discrimination laws in employment  
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services  
Same-sex marriage  
Recognition of same-sex couples  
Step-child adoption by same-sex couples  
Joint adoption by same-sex couples  
Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military  
Right to change legal gender  
Access to IVF for lesbians  
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples  
MSMs allowed to donate blood  

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c "State-sponsored Homophobia: A world survey of laws prohibiting same sex activity between consenting adults" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2013.
  2. ^ Homosexuality laws around the world,
  3. ^ EQUATORIAL GUINEA Archived 14 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)