International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association

The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGBTIA, and in Europe ILGA) is an international organization bringing together more than 1,300 LGBTI groups from around the world. It continues to be active in campaigning for LGBTI human rights on the international human rights and civil rights scene, and regularly petitions the United Nations and governments. They are represented in 140+ countries, and are accredited by the United Nations for NGO Ecosoc consultative status.

International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association
International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association.gif
FormationAugust 1978; 42 years ago (1978-08)
TypeNGO
Legal statusUN Ecosoc Consultative Status
PurposeLGBTI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex) rights
HeadquartersGeneva, Switzerland[1]
Region served
155 countries and territories
Membership
1,593 organisations in 155 countries
Official language
English and Spanish
Co-Secretaries General
Luz Elena Aranda and Tuisina Ymania Brown
Websiteilga.org

HistoryEdit

ILGA was founded as the International Gay Association (IGA) in August 1978, at a fringe meeting of a conference of the Campaign for Homosexual Equality held in Coventry, England, at a meeting with representatives of 10 organisations from Australia, United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, Denmark, France, Italy, Netherlands and the United States.[2] It changed its name to the International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA) in 1986.

The Coventry conference also called upon Amnesty International (AI) to take up the issue of persecution of lesbians and gays. After a 13-year campaign AI made the human rights of lesbians and gays part of its mandate in 1991 and now advocates for LGBT rights on the international level.[3]

ILGA was involved in getting the World Health Organization to drop homosexuality from its list of illnesses.[4]

ILGA was the first lesbian and gay rights organisation to gain "consultative status" as a non-governmental organisation at the United Nations.[citation needed] Statements were made in the name of ILGA in the 1993 and 1994 sessions of the United Nations Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities and in the 1994 session of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights. ILGA's NGO status was suspended in September 1994.[citation needed] However, in July 2011 ILGA regained its ECOSOC consultative status with the United Nations[5][6] allowing ILGA to attend UN conferences and events, submit written statements, make oral interventions, and host panels in UN buildings.

In 2005, it issued a press release stating that the election of Benedict XVI as Pope caused "hurt and pain" among LGBT people.[7]

World conferenceEdit

According to its constitution,[8] ILGA has a world conference in which all of its member organisations can attend. The world conference normally sets the time and place for the next conference.[9] However, the Executive Board has used its power under the constitution to set an alternative venue, in the event the venue originally set becomes unviable, as was the case in 2008, when the originally chosen venue of Quebec had to be abandoned due to difficulties encountered by the local organizing committee in raising the necessary funds and the conference had to be held in Vienna instead. The 2010 ILGA world conference took place in São Paulo, Brazil, the 2012 Conference took place in Stockholm, and the 2014 Conference took place in Mexico City.[10]

Protests often made the conferences that the organization held more dramatic and having more negative attention then would've been wanted. A problem encountered was financial in nature which recently came to a head when an ILGA conference actually had to be postponed because of lack of funding.[11]

ILGA State-Sponsored Homophobia ReportsEdit

In 2011, ILGA released its State-Sponsored Homophobia Report[12] and map that brings to light 75 countries that still criminalize same-sex relationships between two consenting adults. These countries are mainly in Africa and in Asia.

In 2016, ILGA released an updated version of the State-Sponsored Homophobia Report. The Report found that "same-sex sexual acts" are illegal in 72 countries. These countries are 37% of the States in the United Nations. Of these 72 countries, 33 are in Africa, 23 are in Asia, 11 are in the Americas, and six are in Oceania.[13]

ILGA 2016 Global Attitudes Survey regarding LGBTI PeopleEdit

In 2016, ILGA published its 2016 Global Attitudes Survey on LGBTI People. The principal subject surveyed was attitudes about "sexual orientation."[14]

International Intersex ForumEdit

 
Third International Intersex Forum, Malta, December 2013

With a move to include intersex people in its remit, ILGA and ILGA-Europe have sponsored the only international gathering of intersex activists and organisations. The International Intersex Forum has taken place annually since 2011.[15][16][17][18]

The third forum was held in Malta with 34 people representing 30 organisations "from all continents". The closing statement affirmed the existence of intersex people, reaffirmed "the principles of the First and Second International Intersex Fora and extend the demands aiming to end discrimination against intersex people and to ensure the right of bodily integrity, physical autonomy and self-determination". For the first time, participants made a statement on birth registrations, in addition to other human rights issues.[18][19][20]

ILGA World StaffEdit

The ILGA World Executive Director since 2018 is André du Plessis.

Current 2019-2021 ILGA World Executive BoardEdit

ILGA is managed by an executive board. The 2019-2021 ILGA World Board were all elected[21] in during the 2019 ILGA World conference [18-22 March 2019 (Wellington, New Zealand)].[22]

Position Delegate/s Alternate/s
Co-Secretaries General (General)
  • Tuisina Ymania Brown[23]
    (Pacific Human Rights Initiative, Samoa[24])
  • Luz Elena Aranda[25]
    (Teatro Cabaret Reinas Chulas AC, Mexico)
  • Barbra Wangare Muruga[26]
    (Eathan, Kenya[27])
  • Bisexual Steering Committee Chair
  • Rāwā Karetai[28]
    (Rainbow Lifestyle Protection, Aotearoa New Zealand)
  • Intersex Steering Committee Chair
  • Tony Briffa[29]
    (Organisation Intersex International Australia, Australia[30])
  • Trans Steering Committee Chair
  • Jabulani Pereira[31]
    (Iranti, South Africa[32])
  • Women's Steering Committee Chair
  • Cristina González Hurtado[33]
    (Corporatión Femm, Colombia[34])
  • Youth Steering Committee Chair
  • Martin Karadzhov[35]
    (Metro Centre Ltd and LGBT Consortium, United Kingdom[36])
  • Each region also has two representatives on the executive board, which can be elected at that region's own regional conference, or at the ILGA World Conference.

    Position Delegate/s Alternate/s Elected
    ILGA-Asia Representatives
  • Candy Yun[37]
    (Korean Sexual-Minority Culture & Rights Center, South Korea[38])
  • Shadi Amin[39]
    (Iranian Lesbian and Transgender Network [6Rang], Iran[40])
  • Ngo Le Phuong Linh[41]
    (ICS Center, Vietnam[42])
  • Charbel Maydaa[43]
    (Mosaic, Lebanon)
  • ILGA Asia Regional Conference
    [August 2019 (Seoul)]
    ILGA-Europe Representatives
  • Olena Shevchenko[44]
    (Insight, Ukraine[45])
  • Yuri Guaiana[46]
    (Associazione Radicale Certi Diritti, Italy[47])
  • Annika Ojala[48]
    (Seta – LGBTI Rights, Finland[49])
  • Yves Aerts Jacobs [50]
    (Çavaria, Belgium [51])
  • ILGA Europe Conference
    [October 2020 (Virtual)]
    ILGA Latin America and the Caribbean Representatives
  • Ari Vera Morales[52]
    (Almas Cautivas, Mexico[53])
  • Darío Arias[54]
    (Conurbanxs por la Diversidad- Jóvenes por la Diversidad, Argentina)
  • Marlin González
    (Hombres y Mujeres Nuevos de Panama, Panama[55])
  • David Aruquipa-Danna Galán
    (Comunidad Diversidad, Bolivia[56])
  • ILGA LAC Regional Conference
    [November 2019 (Bogotà)]
    ILGA North America & the Caribbean Representatives
  • Kimberly Frost[57]
    (OUTreach, United States[58])
  • Stephen Seaborn[59]
    (Pink Triangle Committee, Canada[60])
  • Winnie Luk
    (Rainbow Railroad, Canada[61])
  • Justin Tindall
    (It Gets Better Project, United States[62])
  • ILGA North America & the Caribbean Regional Conference
    [December 2019, (Virtual)]
    ILGA Oceania Representatives
  • Vanessa Lee-Ah Mat
    (Australia Greens LGBTI Members, Yupungathi and Meriam Nations - Australia)[63]
  • Ken Moala
    (Tungaru / Boutokaan Inaomataia ao Mauriia Binabinaine Association [BIMBA] Inc, Kiribati, Kiribati[64])
  • Iru Tau
    (Kapul Champions, Papua New Guinea)[65]
  • Miki Wali
    (Pacific Sexual & Gender Diversity Network [PSGDN], Pacific Islands)[66]
  • ILGA Oceania Regional Conference
    [29 August 2018 - 01 September 2018 (Virtual - Nouméa, New Caledonia / Sydney, Australia)]
    Pan Africa ILGA Representatives
  • Juliet Nnedinma Ulanmo[67]
    (International Centre for Sexual and Reproductive Rights, Nigeria[68])
  • Sheba Akpokli[69]
    (Interfaith Diversity Network of West Africa, West Africa[70])
  • Prior 2016-2019 ILGA World Executive BoardEdit

    The 2016-2019 ILGA World Board were all elected in 2016 ILGA World Conference [28 November 2016 – 02 December 2016 (Bangkok, Thailand)].[71]

    Position Delegate/s Alternate/s
    Co-Secretaries General
  • Ruth Baldacchino
    (Malta)
  • Helen Kennedy
    (Canada)
  • Ymania Brown[72]
    (Pacific Human Rights Initiative, Samoa[73])
  • Yahia Zaidi
    (Algeria/Belgium)
  • Bisexual Secretariat
  • Frank Evelio Arteaga[74]
    (Manodiversa, Bolivia[75])
  • Hilde Vossen
    (LNBi, The Netherlands)
  • Intersex Secretariat
  • Miriam van der Have
    (NNID, The Netherlands)
  • Morgan Carpenter and Tony Briffa[76]
    (Organisation Intersex International Australia, Australia[77])
  • Trans Secretariat
  • Brenda Rodriguez Alegre
    (STRAP – Society of Transsexual Women Philippines, Philippines)
  • Jay Moulucha
    (Fem Alliance Uganda, Uganda)
  • Women's Secretariat
  • Jessica St Rose
    (United and Strong, Saint Lucia)
  • Ana Francis Mor
    (Teatro Cabaret Reinas Chulas, Mexico)
  • Controversy and loss of UN consultative statusEdit

    In the summer of 1993, the ILGA gained consultative status on the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) as a Non-Governmental-Organization, joining 3,000 organisations throughout the world. However, that status was suspended in 1994 after a campaign led by Jesse Helms focussing on NAMBLA's membership of ILGA.

    Following this, by a vote of 214–30, ILGA expelled North American Man/Boy Love Association (NAMBLA), Vereniging MARTIJN and Project Truth in early 1994 because they were judged to be "groups whose predominant aim is to support or promote pedophilia." In October 1994, the executive committee of ILGA suspended the membership of VSG (Association for Sexual Equality), a gay group in Munich, Germany, due to its vocal solidarity with NAMBLA and its refusal to purge pedophile members. Its membership was suspended until the next Annual Conference of ILGA in June 1995 when the matter could be dealt with in accordance to ILGA's constitution, namely, expulsion. VSG left ILGA in April 1995 and in 1998 dissolved itself.

    ILGA applied to have its consultative status reinstated in 2000,[78] but on 30 April 2002 the United Nations' Economic & Social Council voted 29–17 not to grant this application,[79] "based on concerns raised about its member organizations or subsidiaries that promoted or condoned paedophilia".[80]

    One of the issues of concern was whether it was possible to verify that links with NAMBLA had effectively been severed due to ILGA not publishing its organisation membership list given fears for the safety of members living in countries where homosexuality is still criminalised.[citation needed]

    On 3 May 2003, ECOSOC voted to again decline consultative status to ILGA. ILGA submitted another application, along with another LGBT rights organisation but it was rejected on 23 January 2006 at the Committee of NGOs.[81] ILGA keeps the view that the summary dismissal of LGBT rights organisations' applications was influenced by Egypt and OIC.[82]

    • Ten countries voting against ILGA's application for ECOSOC included those that have the most negative evaluation by ILGA in its yearly report against discriminations of people living with HIV/AIDS: Cameroon, China, Cuba, Iran, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Senegal, Sudan, United States of America, Zimbabwe;
    • Supportive states included: Chile, France, Germany, Peru, Romania;
    • Colombia, India, Turkey abstained;
    • Ivory Coast representative was not present.

    However, in the subsequent vote on the candidature of ILGA-Europe, the U.S. reversed its position, though the proposal was still defeated, with:

    • 9 countries opposing ECOSOC consultative status (Cameroon, China, Côte d'Ivoire, Iran, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Senegal, Sudan, Zimbabwe) and
    • 7 in support (Chile, Colombia, France, Germany, Peru, Romania, United States);
    • 2 abstentions (India, Turkey).[83]

    ILGA continued to state its opposition to pedophilia[84] and continued to seek ECOSOC Consultative status with the UN, applying once more in May 2009. The UN NGO Committee discussed ILGA's most recent application during its sessions in May 2010 and February 2011. During this session, the Belgian Mission at the UN asked for a vote on ILGA's application, because "The organization had applied for over ten years and met all prerequisites under the resolution. While aware of the divergent views on the organization, he asked that, given the NGO's lengthy history, the Committee make a decision during the current session."[85] A "no-action" motion, presented by the Sudanese Representative to counter Belgium's request for a vote, passed with nine Committee members voting in favour (Burundi, China, Morocco, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Senegal, Sudan and Venezuela), seven voting against (Belgium, Bulgaria, India, Israel, Turkey, Peru and United States), with Kyrgyzstan abstaining and Mozambique and Cuba not present. [85]

    On 11 December 2006, ILGA-Europe (along with LSVD and LBL) were successful in being granted ECOSOC consultative status.[86]

    On 25 July 2011, ILGA as a whole were successful in being granted ECOSOC consultative status,[87] with a vote of 30 in favour, 13 against, and five abstentions.

    See alsoEdit

    NotesEdit

    1. ^ "About ILGA – The only worldwide federation campaigning for lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex rights. Since 1978". ILGA. Archived from the original on 2014-01-17. Retrieved 2014-01-15.
    2. ^ Paternotte, David. "The history of ILGA: 1978/2012". ILGA. ILGA. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
    3. ^ [1] Archived February 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
    4. ^ "Sexual Orientation in International Law". ILGA.org. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
    5. ^ "ECOSOC Council vote grants consultative status to ILGA". Ilga.org. Archived from the original on 2011-07-30. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
    6. ^ "ILGA Granted UN Consultative Status". Freedom House.
    7. ^ "The Election of Benedict XVI as Pope Causes Hurt and Pain among LGBT People". Ilga.org. Archived from the original on 2009-10-29. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
    8. ^ ILGA World Constitution, clause 7
    9. ^ ILGA World Constitution, clause 7.2
    10. ^ "ILGA World Conference 2014 "Decolonizing our bodies" Mexico City: Results and Acknowledgments – ILGA". ilga.org.
    11. ^ "ILGA decided to postpone the Conference". Trans.ilga.org. 2008-03-07. Archived from the original on 2012-07-24. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
    12. ^ "State-Sponsored Homophobia report | ILGA". Ilga.org. Retrieved 2019-12-25.
    13. ^ State-Sponsored Homophobia 2016 (ILGA, May 2016), 36–37.
    14. ^ "The ILGA-RIWI 2016 Global Attitudes Survey on LGBTI (2016). Retrieved October 9, 2016" (PDF).
    15. ^ "First ever international intersex forum | ILGA-Europe". www.ilga-europe.org. Retrieved 2019-12-25.
    16. ^ First ever international intersex forum Archived 2014-05-17 at the Wayback Machine, ILGA, 7 September 2011
    17. ^ Public statement by the third international intersex forum, Organisation Intersex International Australia, 2 December 2013
    18. ^ a b Global intersex community affirms shared goals, Star Observer, December 4, 2013
    19. ^ "3rd International Intersex Forum concluded | ILGA-Europe". www.ilga-europe.org. Retrieved 2019-12-25.
    20. ^ (Chinese) 2013第三屆世界陰陽人論壇宣言, Oii-Chinese, December 2013
    21. ^ "29th ILGA World Conference, Wellington, 20-22 March 2019, Final Minutes of the Annual General Meeting". ILGA World Conference, 18-22 March 2019, Wellington. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
    22. ^ "ILGA World Conference, 18-22 March 2019, Wellington". ILGA World Conference, 18-22 March 2019, Wellington. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
    23. ^ "Tuisina Ymania Brown". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    24. ^ "The Pacific Human Rights Initiative". Pacific Human Rights Initiative. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    25. ^ "Luz Elena Aranda". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    26. ^ "Barbra Wangare Muruga". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    27. ^ "Tuisina Ymania Brown". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    28. ^ "Rāwā Karetai". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    29. ^ "Tony Briffa". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    30. ^ "Organisation Intersex International Australia". Organisation Intersex International Australia. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    31. ^ "Jabulani (Jabu) Pereira". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    32. ^ "Iranti". Organisation Intersex International Australia. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    33. ^ "Cristina González Hurtado". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    34. ^ "Corporatión Femm". Corporatión Femm. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    35. ^ "Martin Karadzhov". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    36. ^ "Metro Centre Ltd and LGBT Consortium". Metro Centre Ltd and LGBT Consortium. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    37. ^ "Candy Yun". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    38. ^ "Korean Sexual-Minority Culture & Rights Center". Korean Sexual-Minority Culture & Rights Center. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    39. ^ "Shadi Amin". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    40. ^ "Iranian Lesbian and Transgender Network [6Rang]". Iranian Lesbian and Transgender Network [6Rang]. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    41. ^ "Ngo Le Phuong Linh". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    42. ^ "ICS Center". ICS Center. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    43. ^ "Charbel Maydaa". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    44. ^ "Olena Shevchenko". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    45. ^ "Olena Shevchenko". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    46. ^ "Yuri Guaiana". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    47. ^ "Associazione Radicale Certi Diritti". Associazione Radicale Certi Diritti. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    48. ^ "Annika Ojala". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    49. ^ "Seta – LGBTI Rights". Seta – LGBTI Rights. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    50. ^ "Yves Aerts Jacobs". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    51. ^ "Çavaria". Çavaria. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    52. ^ "Ari Vera Morales". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    53. ^ "Almas Cautivas". Almas Cautivas. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    54. ^ "Darío Arias". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    55. ^ "Marlin González". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    56. ^ "David Aruquipa-Danna Galán". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    57. ^ "Kimberly Frost". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    58. ^ "OUTreach". OUTreach. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    59. ^ "Stephen Seaborn". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    60. ^ "Pink Triangle Committee". Pink Triangle Committee. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    61. ^ "Winnie Luk". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    62. ^ "Justin Tindall". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    63. ^ "Vanessa Lee-Ah Mat". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    64. ^ "Ken Moala". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    65. ^ "2020-2021 Senior Executive". ILGA Oceania. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    66. ^ "2020-2021 Senior Executive". ILGA Oceania. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    67. ^ "Juliet Nnedinma Ulanmo". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    68. ^ "International Centre for Sexual and Reproductive Rights". Facebook. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    69. ^ "Sheba Akpokli". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    70. ^ "Interfaith Diversity Network of West Africa". Facebook. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    71. ^ "Bangkok". International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
    72. ^ "Tuisina Ymania Brown". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    73. ^ "The Pacific Human Rights Initiative". Pacific Human Rights Initiative. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    74. ^ "Frank Evelio Arteaga". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    75. ^ "Manodiversa". Manodiversa. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    76. ^ "Tony Briffa". ILGA World. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    77. ^ "Organisation Intersex International Australia". Organisation Intersex International Australia. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
    78. ^ "International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA)". glbtq. 2005-11-14. Archived from the original on 2011-06-29. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
    79. ^ [2] Archived November 20, 2004, at the Wayback Machine
    80. ^ "Economic And Social Council Decides Not To Grant Consultative Status To International Lesbian And Gay Association". Un.org. 2002-04-30. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
    81. ^ "NGO COMMITTEE RECOMMENDS 11 ORGANIZATIONS FOR CONSULTATIVE STATUS WITH ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL". Un.org. 2006-01-23. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
    82. ^ "ECOSOC unfairly dismisses ILGA and LBL". ILGA. Archived from the original on 2009-10-30. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
    83. ^ "ECOSOC Report May 2006". Un.org. 2006-05-17. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
    84. ^ "ILGA's Public Stance Against Paedophilia and Commitment to the Protection of Children". Ilga.org. Archived from the original on 2009-10-29. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
    85. ^ a b "Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations Recommends Special Consultative Status for 12 Groups, Roster Status for Another, Postpones 16 Applications". Un.org. 2011-02-04. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
    86. ^ "Economic And Social Council Approves Consultative Status For Three Non-Governmental Organizations Focusing On Gay, Lesbian Rights Non-Governmental Organizations Focusing On Gay, Lesbian Rights". Un.org. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
    87. ^ "List of non-governmental organizations in consultative status with the Economic and Social Council as of 1 September 2018". undocs.org. p. 69. Retrieved 2020-09-22.

    ReferencesEdit

    External linksEdit