Líneas Aéreas de Nicaragua, operating as LANICA, was an airline from Nicaragua. Headquartered in the capital Managua, it operated scheduled passenger flights within South and Central America, as well as to the United States.
|Hubs||Augusto C. Sandino International Airport|
The carrier was founded in June 1945 as a subsidiary of Pan American Airways, with this airline initially holding 40% of the company. Domestic services began in 1946 with Boeing 247 equipment. The company bought the assets of a local airline called Flota Aérea Nicaragüense (FANSA) in 1950, acquiring the control of the lucrative routes to the mining towns of Bonanza and Siuna in the north.
In early 1966, the carrier ordered a BAC One-Eleven 400. Pending delivery of this new aircraft, another BAC One-Eleven, leased from Aer Lingus, was deployed on the Managua–Salvador–Miami sector in November 1966 . Starting 19 October 1967 , LANICA's own BAC One-Eleven was operated on a joint-ownership basis with TAN Airlines. The last BAC 1-11 was disposed of in October 1972.
Pan Am's participation in the airline had decreased to 10% by 1975; private investors held 85% of the company until July 1972Howard Hughes took control of 25% of it, through Hughes Tool Company, in exchange for the lease of two Convair 880s. By March 1975 , LANICA's fleet consisted of two Convair 880s, three C-46s and four DC-6s that served a route network including domestic services, as well as international passenger and cargo services to Mexico City, Miami and San Salvador. Two more Convair 880s were acquired in 1977., when
The government of Somoza was overthrown following the rise to power of the Sandinistas in 1979. The shares held by the Somoza family —the major stockholders at the time— were seized by the Junta of National Reconstruction, but the airline's debts were not absorbed by the new government. LANICA was declared bankrupt by a Nicaraguan court in March 1981 , ceasing all operations on 31 August 1981. At May that year, the airline had a fleet of two Boeing 727-100s, three C-46s and one DC-6, and employed a 450-strong staff. LANICA was succeeded by Aeronica as Nicaragua's flag carrier.
LANICA offered scheduled international passenger flights to the following destinations:
- Costa Rica
- United States
Over the years of its existence, LANICA operated the following aircraft types:
|Vickers Viscount 742-D|
|Curtiss-Wright C-46 Commando|
Accidents and incidentsEdit
|Date||Location||Aircraft||Tail number||Aircraft damage||Fatalities||Description||Refs|
|27 August 1948||Unknown||Douglas C-47-DL||AN-ACZ||W/O||Unknown||Unknown|||
|23 January 1957||Ometepe Island||Douglas R4D-5||AN-AEC||W/O||16/16||Control of the aircraft was lost while flying the last leg of a domestic scheduled Managua–Bluefields–San Carlos–Managua passenger service. Crashed into Concepción volcano after banking sharply to the left. A fire erupted following the crash, destroying the airframe completely.|||
|February 1960||Unknown||Douglas C-47A||AN-ADQ||W/O||Unknown||Unknown|||
|5 April 1960||Siuna||C-46A||AN-AIN||W/O||2/18||Crashed on a hillside while operating a domestic Siuna–Bonanza scheduled passenger service.|||
|4 November 1969||Unknown||BAC One-Eleven||unknown||none||none||Two hijackers commandeered the aircraft during a flight from Managua, Nicaragua, to San Salvador, El Salvador, demanding to be flown to Cuba. Instead, the airliner diverted to Grand Cayman Island in the Cayman Islands.|||
|25 February 1976||Managua||C-46D||AN-AOC||W/O||0||Landing gear collapse during touchdown at Managua Airport.|||
|17 March 1976||Puerto Cabezas||C-46A||AN-BGA||W/O||0||Unknown|||
|16 May 1980||Bonanza||C-46A||YN-BVL||W/O||0||Crashed at Bonanza-San Pedro Airport after striking a ditch on landing.|||
|13 November 1980||Panama City||Douglas DC-6BF||YN-BVI||W/O||0||Nosegear collapse.|||
- Eastwood, Tony, and Roach, John. Jet Airliner Production List. 2004. The Aviation Hobby Shop. ISBN none.
- Information about LANICA at the Aero Transport Data Bank
- Historical ICAO Callsigns
- "Airlines of the World – Lineas Aereas de Nicaragua SA—LANICA". Flight. 77 (2665): 503. 8 April 1960. Archived from the original on 1 September 2013.
- "The World's airlines – La Nica (Lineas Aereas de Nicaragua, S.A.)". Flight. LXIII (2302): 312. 6 March 1953. Archived from the original on 23 August 2013.
- "World airline directory – La Nica (Lineas Aereas de Nicaragua, S.A.)". Flight. 67 (2407): 306. 11 March 1955. Archived from the original on 11 August 2013.
- "World airline directory – Lineas Aereas de Nicaragua, S.A.—LANICA". Flight. 69 (2465): 473. 20 April 1956. Archived from the original on 24 September 2013.
- "World airline surevy – Lineas Aereas de Nicaragua SA (Lanica)". Flight International. 87 (2927): 589. 15 April 1965. Archived from the original on 13 September 2013.
- "Air transport... – One-Eleven for Nicaragua". Flight International. 89 (2979): 562. 14 April 1966. Archived from the original on 13 September 2013.
- "World airline survey – Lineas Aereas de Nicaragua SA (Lanica)". Flight International. 91 (3031): 577. 13 April 1967. Archived from the original on 13 September 2013.
- "World airline survey – Lanica (Lineas Aereas de Nicaragua SA)". Flight International. 95 (3135): 578. 10 April 1969. Archived from the original on 24 September 2013.
- "Air transport". Flight International. 95 (3132): 431. 20 March 1969. Archived from the original on 24 September 2013.
Taxying in at San Salvador's Ilopango Airport is the BAC One-Eleven 400 which was originally bought by Lanica of Nicaragua and which now operates services with TAN Airlines of Honduras on a joint-ownership basis.
- Eastwood and Roach 2004. p. 170
- Eastwood and Roach. 2004. pp. 219-222
- "World airline survey – Lanica (Lineas Aereas de Nicaragua SA)". Flight International. 108 (3445): 492. 20 March 1975. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013.
- "Airliner market". Flight International. 109 (3495): 516. 16 April 1977. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013.
Lanica of Nicaragua has acquired two more Convair CV-880s.
- "Sandinistas remember their revolt". BBC News. 19 July 2004. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013.
- Golden, Arthur (1 November 1979). "Flights to Nicaragua resumes as Lanica starts ′from zero′". The Miami News.
- "Lanica Airlines files bankruptcy". Boca Raton News. AP. 19 April 1981.
- "Nicaraguan Airline Fails". The New York Times. 18 March 1981. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013.
- Historia de LANICA[unreliable source?]
- "World airline directory – Lineas Aereas de Nicaragua SA (Lanica)". Flight International. 119 (3758): 1446. 16 May 1981. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 30 July 2013.
- "Air transport". Flight International. 120 (3788): 1738. 12 December 1981. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013.
Aeronica is the new Nicaraguan state carrier, having been formed when Lanica was declared bankrupt.
- Aeronica timetables at timetableimages.com
- LANICA at AeroTransport database
- Accident description for AN-ACZ at the Aviation Safety Network
- Accident description for AN-AEC at the Aviation Safety Network
- Accident description for AN-ADQ at the Aviation Safety Network
- Accident description for AN-AIN at the Aviation Safety Network
- Accident description for BAC One-Eleven at the Aviation Safety Network
- Accident description for AN-AOC at the Aviation Safety Network
- "World news – Public-transport accidents". Flight International. 111 (3553): 516. 6 March 1976. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013.
A Lineas Aereas de Nicaragua Curtiss CW-20,AN-AOC, was damaged on landing at Managua on February 25 when the starboard undercarriage collapsed. The aircraft was badly damaged but there were no passenger injures.
- Accident description for AN-BGA at the Aviation Safety Network
- Accident description for YN-BVL at the Aviation Safety Network
- Accident description for YN-BVI at the Aviation Safety Network