Krar (Amharic: ክራር) is a five-or-six stringed bowl-shaped lyre from Ethiopia and Eritrea. It is tuned to a pentatonic scale. A modern Krar may be amplified, much in the same way as an electric guitar or violin. The Krar, along with Masenqo and the Washint, is one of the most widespread musical instruments of the Amhara ethnic group.[1]

Krar
Krar Linden-Museum F55878.jpg
A wooden krar.
String instrument
Classification lyre
DevelopedEthiopia and Eritrea
Related instruments
masenqo

Role in Amhara societyEdit

HistoricalEdit

In Amhara society the krar was viewed as an instrument inspired by the Devil and was therefore inferior, whereas the Begena was for praising God and seen as sacred. The krar was used to adulate feminine beauty, to create sexual arousal and to eulogize carnal love.[2]

The instrument has been associated with brigands, outlaws and wanderers. Wanderers played the krar to solicit food, and outlaws played it to sing an Amhara war song called Fano.[3]

ContemporaryEdit

Today, the krar which used to be the plaything of the Amharas, has become one of the most popular Ethiopian stringed instruments.[4]

The krar is and was always used to accompany and perform secular song, love songs and (vulgar) poetry. The instrument are often played by Poet-musicians called the Azmari [5]

FeaturesEdit

 
A krar player from Ethiopia

A chordophone, the krar is usually decorated with wood, cloth and beads. Its five or six strings determine the available pitches. The instrument's tone depends on the musician's playing technique: bowing, strumming or plucking. If plucked, the instrument will produce a soft tone. Strumming, on the other hand, will yield a harmonious pulsation.


ResourcesEdit

  • Asnakech Worku, Ethiopiques 16: The Lady with the Krar (compact disc). Buda Musique 822652, 2003.
  • Ethiopie, chants d'amour (Ethiopia, Love Songs). Fantahun Shewankochew, vocals and krar (compact disc). INEDIT/Maison des Cultures du Monde W260080, 1998.

FilmsEdit

  • HELP! – Musikalische Geschichten aus Äthiopien. Directed by Daniel Schulz.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mekonnen, Timkehet Teffera. "Timkehet Teffera (2020). SHUNGUL, SORROR, WASHINT, WOISSA, ZUMBARA". {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ Milkias, Paulos (2011). Ethiopia. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. p. 344. OCLC 728097838.
  3. ^ Milkias, Paulos (2011). Ethiopia. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. p. 344. OCLC 728097838.
  4. ^ Milkias, Paulos (2011). Ethiopia. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. p. 344. OCLC 728097838.
  5. ^ Kebede (1977). "The Bowl-Lyre of Northeast Africa. Krar: The Devil's Instrument". Ethnomusicology. 21 (3): 381. doi:10.2307/850725. JSTOR 850725.
  6. ^ "Kino Kombat | Filmmanufactur". Kino-kombat.com. Retrieved 20 April 2021.