Washint is an end-blown wooden flute originally used in Ethiopia. Traditionally, Amharic musicians would pass on their oral history through song accompanied by the washint as well as the krar, a six stringed lyre, and the masenqo, a one string fiddle.[1]

Woodwind instrument
Classification aerophone
Hornbostel–Sachs classification421.111.12
(end blown flute)
Playing range
unknown, usually players take 20 to 30 washints with them for performing

Construction and designEdit

The washint can be constructed using wood, bamboo, or other cane. Varieties exists in different lengths and relative fingerhole placement, and a performer might use several different flutes over the course of a performance to accommodate different song types.[2] It generally has four finger-holes, which allows the player to create a pentatonic scale.[3]

See alsoEdit

  • Ney, a flute of similar construction found in Middle Eastern Music
  • Ney (Turkish), a Turkish flute of similar construction
  • Kaval, a similar wind instrument found in Azerbaijan, Turkey, Macedonia and Bulgaria
  • Music of Ethiopia - historical overview of music tradition of Ethiopia
  • Krar, five or six-stranded bowl-shaped lyre used in Ethiopia and Eritrea
  • Masenqo, single-stranded bowed lute in Ethiopian-Eritrean tradition.


  1. ^ Nidel, Richard (2005). World Music: The Basics. Routlidge Taylor & Francis Group, NY.
  2. ^ Kimberlin, Cynthia Tse (1974). "Ethiopian and Tribal Music". Ethnomusicology. 18 (1): 178. doi:10.2307/850080. JSTOR 850080.
  3. ^ Sárosi, B. (1967). "The Music of Ethiopian Peoples". Studia Musicologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. 9: 14. doi:10.2307/901579. JSTOR 901579.

External linksEdit

Audio examples and picturesEdit