Korumburra // is a town in the Australian state of Victoria. It is located on the South Gippsland Highway, 120 kilometres (75 mi) south-east of Melbourne, in the South Gippsland Shire local government area. At the 2016 census Korumburra had an urban population of 3,639.
|Population||3,639 (2016 census)|
|LGA(s)||South Gippsland Shire|
|State electorate(s)||Gippsland South|
Surrounded by rolling green hills, the town is 227 metres (745 ft) above the sea level of coastal Inverloch, about 28 km (17 mi) away.
The Post Office in the area opened on 1 September 1884, and moved to the township on the railway survey line on 1 November 1889, the existing office being renamed Glentress. The railway arrived in 1891, and the now heritage listed railway station was built in 1908.Korumburra owed its early prosperity to coal mining; 2,000,000 tonnes of coal were produced by the korumburra coalfields from 1893 to 1962.
The town has also enjoyed a wave of migration of European migrants who have added to the town's growth and culture. Antonio Radovick "Father of Korumburra" was the most successful Croatian pioneer in Victoria who contributed to the start and growth of the town in the 1890s and 1900s. He built the town's first hotel in 1889, and there is a street bearing his name nearby.
Korumburra is known as the "Heritage Centre of South Gippsland". It is the home of Coal Creek Community Park and Museum. This village depicts life in the area over the period from the 1870s to 1920s, as the town rapidly expanded following the discovery of a coal seam. The outdoor museum covers 12 hectares of bushland, including 60 exhibits. These include the Giant Earthworm, National Bank, Anzac exhibit, Mining exhibits, Dairy exhibit at the Boston Carriageworks and Railway Museum. A tramway runs on weekends around the lower end of the park encompassing an old-time farm and bush oval. Many local organisations use the Park and environs and special events are held during the year.
Other town attractions include the Olympic pool (open November–March), a two-court basketball stadium and art gallery. The town's main industries include dairy and beef. The region is home to the world's largest earthworms. The town is also home to Burra Foods, a dairy company.
The town has a soccer team, the Korumburra City Soccer Club, competing in the South Gippsland Soccer League.
Golfers play at the course of the Korumburra Golf Club on Warragul Road. (In the winter of 2005, Korumburra was blanketed in snow for the first time in almost twenty years. Local residents were seen skiing the tenth fairway at the Korumburra Golf Club.)
The town is now being developed with large areas of former farm land being developed for new residential estates, which within the next ten years will expand the size and population of the township by 75 to 100 percent.
Korumburra was formerly situated along the South Gippsland railway corridor that operated to its terminus at Yarram in the early 1980s and Leongatha in the mid 1990s. A V/Line road coach service replaced the rail service on 24 July 1993, running between Melbourne and Yarram. However, since the closure of the South Gippsland rail line by the Kennett Victorian government on 14 December 1994, the South and West Gippsland Transport Group represented by the local council are campaigning for the rail services to be reinstated beyond the current terminus at Cranbourne by the 2020s. The line beyond Leongatha is being used as a rail trail for public use and also the former Wonthaggi line. Dandenong - Cranbourne is being used by the Melbourne Suburban train company, while the section beyond Cranbourne - Nyora is in an unusable state for trains to operate and is yet to have its fate decided..
On 6 March 2009 an earthquake registering 4.7 on the Richter scale was recorded 7 km (4 mi) west of Korumburra. A second magnitude 4.7 tremor was recorded two weeks later on 18 March 2009; the epicentre was 5 km (3 mi) north of the town. No damage was reported.
As of 2 April 2009, fifteen earthquakes and aftershocks have been recorded around the town during 2009.
On 5 July 2011, a magnitude 4.4 earthquake with the epicentre on Korumburra was felt over much of suburban Melbourne as well.
Notable people from Korumburra include:
- Air Vice Marshal Francis Masson (Frank) Bladin, CB, CBE, distinguished airman in World War II and the post-war period.
- Bruce Hungerford, pianist
- Ken Lay, former Chief Commissioner of Victoria Police
- Lieutenant General Sir Stanley George Savige, KBE, CB, DSO, MC, ED distinguished soldier in World War I and World War II, founder of Legacy
- Jill Singer, journalist, columnist and television presenter
- Captain Boomerang (George "Digger" Harkness), fictional super-villain appearing in DC comics
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Korumburra.|
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Korumburra". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 11 April 2008.
- "THE GREAT SOUTHERN RAILWAY". Mount Alexander Mail. 19 December 1891. p. 2. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- "Korumburra Heritage trail" (PDF). South Gippsland Shire Council. 2007. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- Martin, C.H (1986). Australasian coal mining practice. Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. p. 19. ISBN 9780909520915.
- Jupp, James (2001). The Australian People: An Encyclopedia of the Nation, Its People and Their Origins. Cambridge University Press. p. 240. ISBN 9780521807890. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- Full Points Footy. "Korumburra-Bena". Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 25 July 2008.
- Rachel, Kleinman; Shtargo, Sasha (11 August 2005). "Victoria's feeling for snow". The Age. Retrieved 4 August 2007.
- Golf Select. "Korumburra". Retrieved 11 May 2009.
- Cranbourne Transit website, accessed 23 November 2006
- "Recent Earthquake : N of Korumburra VIC". Retrieved 2 April 2009.
- "Recent Earthquake : Korumburra, VIC". 18 March 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2009.
- The Age Melbourne hit by tremor 18 March 2009. Retrieved 18 March 2009.
- "Recent earthquakes measured by Geoscience Australia". Retrieved 2 April 2009.
- "Earthquake report from Geoscience Australia".
- Dalkin, R.N. "Bladin, Francis Masson (1898–1978)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
- "Bruce Hungerford Collection". University of Maryland University Libraries. University of Maryland. 4 January 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
- Munro, Peter (19 November 2011). "The boy from Korumburra grows up into a quiet achiever". The Age. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- Keating, Gavin Michael. "Savige, Sir Stanley George (1890–1954)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
- "Singer, Jill (c. 1957 - )". Australian Women's Register. National Foundation for Australian Women. Retrieved 8 June 2017.