Inverloch, Victoria

Inverloch /ˈɪnvərlɒk/ is a seaside town located in Victoria, Australia. It is located 143 kilometres (89 mi) south east of Melbourne via the South Gippsland Highway on the Bass Highway at the mouth of Anderson Inlet, in the Bass Coast Shire of Gippsland, Victoria, Australia. Known originally[citation needed] for the calm waters of Anderson Inlet, it is now also known[citation needed] for the discovery of Australia's first dinosaur bone.

Inverloch
Victoria
Inverloch Victoria.jpg
Shopping Strip, Abeckett Street
Inverloch is located in Bass Coast Shire
Inverloch
Inverloch
Coordinates38°38′00″S 145°43′40″E / 38.6334°S 145.7278°E / -38.6334; 145.7278Coordinates: 38°38′00″S 145°43′40″E / 38.6334°S 145.7278°E / -38.6334; 145.7278
Population5,437 (2016 census)[1]
Postcode(s)3996
Elevation20.7 m (68 ft)
Location
LGA(s)Bass Coast Shire
State electorate(s)Bass
Federal Division(s)Monash
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
18.7 °C
66 °F
9.5 °C
49 °F
920.7 mm
36.2 in

The town had a population of 5,437 as of the 2016 census.[1]

Inverloch is a popular tourist destination, particularly for swimming, kitesurfing and windsurfing at the calm waters of Anderson Inlet. Fishing and surfing are also popular.

The town is named after Loch Inver (Lake Entrance) in Scotland.[citation needed]

Western Beach (38), Anderson Inlet, Near Ozone Street

HistoryEdit

The Bunurong aboriginal people were custodians of this stretch of coast for thousands of years prior to white settlement.[2]

The first European to settle in the Inverloch area was Samuel Anderson who, together with his brothers and Robert Massie, ran cattle and grew wheat in the area. The Post Office opened on 1 September 1883 as Anderson's Inlet and was renamed Inverloch in 1889.[3] The inlet on which the town is situated on is named Anderson Inlet after Samuel Anderson.

As the area developed, Inverloch became a port for the shipment of black coal from Wonthaggi to Melbourne.[citation needed]

Australia’s first discovered dinosaur bone, the Cape Paterson Claw, was discovered here in 1903 by William Ferguson in Cape Paterson in what is now Eagles Nest in the Bunurong Marine National Park.[4]

PopulationEdit

In the 2016 Census, there were 5,437 people in Inverloch. 79.6% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was England at 4.6%. 89.1% of people spoke only English at home. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 39.5%, Catholic 20.0% and Anglican 14.9%.[1]

TodayEdit

Anderson InletEdit

Anderson Inlet is a shallow and dynamic estuary where the Tarwin River enters Bass Strait. It forms a 2,400 ha almost enclosed bay next to Inverloch, for which it provides a popular and protected beach. At low tide its intertidal mudflats provide important feeding habitat for migratory waders. It is named after the Anderson brothers, the first Europeans to settle in the area.[5][6] Anderson Inlet is classified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area. It supports internationally significant numbers (up to over 6,000 individuals) of red-necked stint. It has also been known to support the critically endangered orange-bellied parrot, with six birds seen there in 1998 and two in 1999.[7] Seashell collecting is permitted from The Caves (beach) to north-east past the main shopping precinct. Seashell collecting is prohibited in the Bunurong Marine National Park, namely The Oaks, Twin Reefs, Shack Bay and Eagles Nest (beaches) heading south-west after Flat Rocks and The Caves.[8]

Farmers MarketEdit

The town showcases local produce from the farms and towns of South Gippsland, local artists, entertainers, community groups and service clubs at a monthly market held by the Lions Club on the LAST Sunday of every month.

Shell MuseumEdit

Inverloch has a Shell Museum which also has a dinosaur exhibition.[9][10] It is located opposite the Rainbow Park. Australia’s first dinosaur bone, and many other dinosaur bones, were discovered in Inverloch.[11]

CoastEdit

Inverloch beaches include Twin Reefs, Shack Bay, Eagles Nest, The Caves, Flat Rocks, Main Surf Beach, two more surf beaches, Anderson Inlet-Western Beach, Anderson Inlet-Browns Beach, Anderson Inlet-Venus Street and Anderson Inlet-The Glades.[12] Twin Reefs, Shack Bay and Eagles Nest make up most of the Bunurong Marine National Park (excluding The Oaks in Cape Paterson). The Caves and Flat Rocks are a part of the Bunurong Marine Park, which starts at Coal Point in Harmers Haven.

 
Children playing at Anderson Inlet

RACVEdit

During 2005 and early 2006 the Royal Automobile Club of Victoria built an eco-village holiday resort on the Cape Paterson Road in Inverloch.

 
RACV Inverloch

Bunurong Marine ParksEdit

 
Bunurong Marine Park

Bunurong Marine Park is a 17 km marine and coastal park along the coast of Harmers Haven, Cape Paterson and Inverloch namely Coal Point to Wreck Creek.

Bunurong Marine NATIONAL Park is an outstretching middle section of Bunurong Marine Park. The National Park part is about 21 km2 or about 5 km in length along the coast and stretching from 2.5 km east of Cape Paterson eastwards to a point 6 km south-west of Inverloch, extending seawards for 3 nm to the limit of Victorian waters. The restricted zone/state park (Bunurong Marine National Park inside Bunurong Marine Park), on foot begins after Undertow Bay heading towards Inverloch from Cape Paterson. It is an area past Safety Beach and rockpool and past Undertow Bay beach namely The Oaks, Twin Reefs, Shack Bay and Eagles Nest. It ends at Wreck Creek in Inverloch.[13] It is prohibited to kill or take any matter (i.e., catch fish, collect seashells or kill or take any sea or land creature, living or dead) from the smaller of the two parks; Bunurong Marine National Park.[8]

Both parks are named after the Bunurong Aboriginal people.

Bunurong Marine Park is considered special due to the unusual set of environmental conditions. It supports many marine animals including seastars, featherstars, crabs, snails, 87 species of fish, Whales and Seals. It has the highest recorded diversity of intertidal and subtidal invertebrates in eastern Victoria. The range of seaweed species is large.[14]

Flat Rocks is a beach which has large rockpools for rockpooling/rambling and direct access from Cape Paterson-Inverloch Road. Bunurong Marine Park is seen and accessed at many different points along this coast, a popular one being near Cape Paterson caravan park on Surf Beach Road as it has a modified rockpool for swimming.[15] The National Park is around to the left. Direct and more difficult access to the National Park is via car parks off Cape Paterson-Inverloch Road. Exploring, snorkelling[16] and scuba diving are popular. There are boat launching facilities at Inverloch on Anderson Inlet.[17]

 
Bunurong Marine National Park with eagles nest in the distance

Eagles NestEdit

Eagles Nest is a large rock structure adjacent to the coastline that resembles the top half of a map of Australia.[18]

The CavesEdit

The Caves is a beach with a set of pirate caves just past Eagles Nest.[citation needed]

 
The Caves

FishingEdit

Inverloch is very popular for surf and bay fishing. Anderson Inlet and Inverloch Surf Beach are popular for fishing and a good catch is usually found. Surf fishing usually produces fish such as Silver Trevally, King George Whiting, Flathead, Mullet and Juvenile Snapper (pinky). There are two boat launches on in Inverloch on Anderson Inlet.[19]

 
Jetty, Esplanade

FestivalsEdit

The town hosts a jazz festival each Labour Day long weekend in March, featuring high-profile local and interstate musicians. The Food And Wine Festival is also in March.

 
Aerial View From South West

ClimateEdit

Inverloch's location on the north shore of Bass Strait gives it an oceanic climate, with the moderating effect of the ocean allowing a narrower temperature range throughout the year compared to other regions in Victoria. Average daily maximum temperatures range from 23.5 °C in summer to 13.5 in winter. Frost is rare, occurring on average 6 mornings a year. On 10 August 2005 Inverloch received its first snowfall since July 1951, with snow even settling briefly on the beach.[20]


EducationEdit

Inverloch has one primary school. The nearest secondary school is in nearby Wonthaggi.

FacilitiesEdit

LocalitiesEdit

Other localities in this postcode:[30]

  • Pound Creek

Other localities nearby:[31]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "2016 Census Quickstats Inverloch". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  2. ^ Aldo Massola (1974). Notes on the Aborigines of the Wonthaggi District: Based Upon Early Records.
  3. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008
  4. ^ John A. Long (1998). Dinosaurs of Australia and New Zealand and Other Animals of the Mesozoic Era. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-20767-7.
  5. ^ About Inverloch Archived 24 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Anderson Inlet Boating Area Archived 19 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "IBA: Anderson Inlet". Birdata. Birds Australia. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2011.
  8. ^ a b c Department of Environment And Primary Industries, retrieved 13 November 2013
  9. ^ a b Inverloch Shell Museum, retrieved 28 October 2013
  10. ^ Dinosaur Museum, retrieved 14 November 2013
  11. ^ The Museum of Victoria, retrieved 14 November 2013
  12. ^ Bass Coast Information Centres, retrieved 18 November 2013
  13. ^ Bunurong Marine National Park, Parks Victoria, 2010, retrieved 13 November 2013
  14. ^ Please Take Me To, archived from the original on 8 February 2014, retrieved 14 November 2013
  15. ^ CPCP, retrieved 14 November 2013
  16. ^ South Gippsland, retrieved 13 November 2013
  17. ^ Parks Victoria, retrieved 14 November 2013
  18. ^ Film Gippsland, archived from the original on 7 October 2013, retrieved 14 November 2013
  19. ^ a b c Department of Environment And Primary Industries, retrieved 3 November 2013
  20. ^ "Australian Weather News". Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  21. ^ Melaleuca Golf Course, retrieved 11 December 2013
  22. ^ "McNamara Tennis Coaching".
  23. ^ a b Parks Victoria, retrieved 13 November 2013
  24. ^ The Sydney Morning Herlad, retrieved 17 December 2013
  25. ^ Street Advisor, retrieved 28 October 2013
  26. ^ Wonthaggi Historical Society, retrieved 11 November 2013
  27. ^ Parks Victoria, retrieved 27 October 2013
  28. ^ Bass Coast Regional Health, archived from the original on 28 September 2013, retrieved 30 October 2013
  29. ^ "Inverloch parkrun". parkrun Australia. parkrun Global Limited. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  30. ^ Australian Postcodes, retrieved 19 November 2013
  31. ^ Google Maps, retrieved 19 November 2013

External linksEdit