Kongur Tagh or Kongkoerh (Uyghur: قوڭۇر تاغ, Коңур Тағ meaning "Brown Mountain"; Mongolian: Хонгор Таг, Hongor Tag; simplified Chinese: 公格尔峰; traditional Chinese: 公格爾峰; pinyin: Gōnggé'ěr Fēng) (also referred to as Kongur) is at 7,649 m the highest mountain wholly within the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China.
South face of Kongur Tagh
|Elevation||7,649 m (25,095 ft) |
|Prominence||3,585 m (11,762 ft) |
|Isolation||240 kilometres (150 mi)|
|Location||Akto County, Xinjiang, China|
|Parent range||Pamir Mountains|
|First ascent||1981 by British team|
|Easiest route||rock/snow/ice climb|
Kongur Tagh is within a range called the Kongur Shan (Chinese: 公格尔山; pinyin: Gōnggé'ěr Shān.) Kongur Tagh is located just north of Muztagh Ata and visible from Karakul Lake. Some sources use "Kongur Shan" mistakenly to refer to the peak itself. The Kongur Shan range, including Muztagh Ata, is separated by the major Yarkand River valley from the Kunlun Mountains and thus is sometimes included in the "Eastern Pamirs"  Kongur Tagh is the highest peak in the Kunlun Range, and is higher than any peak in the Pamirs as well. Due to its remoteness and being hidden by nearby peaks, Kongur was not discovered by Europeans until 1900. However, the building of the Karakoram Highway from Pakistan to China, which runs past nearby Tashkurgan and Karakul Lake, has now made it more accessible.
Administratively, the Kongur Range is within Akto County.
The first attempt to climb Kongur Tagh was made in 1956 but the party aborted the attempt when it realized it was beyond their abilities.
This is taken from the Guide to Mountaineering in China. Some Chinese authorities give it 7,719 m, but evidence against this higher elevation is given here.
Kongur Tagh, which means "a brown mountain" in Uyghur language, has a significant subpeak known as Kongur Tiube (Chinese: 公格尔九别峰 which means in the local language "the mountain with a white cap", also Kongur Tiubie / Jiubie and Kungur Tjube Tagh), ; elevation = 7,530 m (24,705 ft).Ranked 47th It is moderately independent, with a topographic prominence of 840 m (2,756 ft). It was first climbed in 1956.
- "China II: Sinkiang - Xinjiang". Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2014-05-26.
- N. O. Arnaud; M. Brunel; J. M. Cantagrel; P. Tapponnier (1993). "High cooling and denudation rates at Kongur Shan, Eastern Pamir (Xinjiang, China)". Tectonics. 12 (3): 1335–1346. doi:10.1029/93TC00767.
- Ward (1983), pp. 146-148.
- Kongur Jiubie Peak Archived 2013-12-15 at the Wayback Machine (in Chinese)
- Kongur Tagh-Muztagh Ata Topographic Map, 1:100,000, by the Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, ISBN 7-80545-148-6.
- Ward, Michael. (1983). "The Kongur Massif in Southern Sinkiang." The Geographical Journal, Vol. 149, No. 2 (Jul., 1983), pp. 137–152.