Kongo Central

Kongo Central (Kongo: Kongo dia Kati [4][5]), formerly Bas-Congo is one of the 26 provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.[6] Its capital is Matadi.

Kongo Central
Province du Kongo Central
Location of Kongo Central
Coordinates: 05°49′S 13°29′E / 5.817°S 13.483°E / -5.817; 13.483Coordinates: 05°49′S 13°29′E / 5.817°S 13.483°E / -5.817; 13.483
CountryFlag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg DR Congo
Largest cityMatadi
 • Typeunicameral
 • BodyProvincial Assembly of Kongo Central
 • GovernorAtou Matubuana Nkuluki[1]
 • Total53,920 km2 (20,820 sq mi)
 • Total5,575,000
 • Density100/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (West Africa Time)
License Plate CodeDemocratic Republic of the Congo CGO / 10
Official languageFrench
National languagesKikongo ya Leta, lingala[2]
HDI (2017)0.432[3]
Non-national languageKikongo
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML


At the time of independence, the area now encompassing Kongo Central was part of the greater province of Léopoldville, along with the capital city of Kinshasa and the districts of Kwango, Kwilu and Mai-Ndombe. Under Belgian colonial rule, the province was known as Bas-Congo (as in "Lower Congo River") and was renamed Kongo Central after independence.[7][8]

Under the regime of Mobutu Sese Seko from 1965 to 1997, the Congo river was renamed as Zaire. The province was named as Bas-Zaïre. The name was later reverted to Bas-Congo. It was subsequently renamed as Kongo Central in 2015.


Landscape of Kongo Central
BaKongo masks from the Kongo Central region

Kongo Central is the only province in the country with an ocean coastline; it has narrow frontage on the Atlantic Ocean. It borders the provinces of Kinshasa to the north-east, Kwango to the east, and the Republic of Angola to the south as well as the Republic of the Congo and Cabinda to the north.


The provincial capital is Matadi. The only other official city is Boma. The remainder of the province is divided into the districts of Bas-Fleuve, Cataractes and Lukaya. Towns with their 2010 populations are:

Name District Territory Pop. 2010[9] Coordinates[9]
Boma 167,326 5°51′S 13°03′E / 5.85°S 13.05°E / -5.85; 13.05 (Boma)
Inga Bas-Fleuve District Tshela Territory 10,417 5°39′S 13°39′E / 5.65°S 13.65°E / -5.65; 13.65 (Inga)
Inkisi Lukaya District Kasangulu Territory 77,797 5°08′S 15°04′E / 5.13°S 15.07°E / -5.13; 15.07 (Inkisi)
Kasangulu Lukaya District Kasangulu Territory 30,724 4°35′S 15°11′E / 4.58°S 15.18°E / -4.58; 15.18 (Kasangulu)
Kimpese Cataractes District Songololo Territory 53,660 5°33′S 14°26′E / 5.55°S 14.43°E / -5.55; 14.43 (Kimpese)
Kimvula Lukaya District Kimvula Territory 5°43′03″S 15°57′44″E / 5.717412°S 15.962191°E / -5.717412; 15.962191 (Kimvula)
Kinzau-Mvuete Bas-Fleuve District Tshela Territory 17,870 5°29′S 13°17′E / 5.48°S 13.28°E / -5.48; 13.28 (Kinzau-Mvuete)
Lukula Bas-Fleuve District Lukula Territory 31,394 5°23′S 12°57′E / 5.38°S 12.95°E / -5.38; 12.95 (Lukula)
Luozi Cataractes District Luozi Territory 13,258 4°57′S 14°08′E / 4.95°S 14.13°E / -4.95; 14.13 (Luozi)
Madimba Lukaya District Madimba Territory 4°58′48″S 15°08′46″E / 4.980084°S 15.14622°E / -4.980084; 15.14622 (Madimba)
Matadi 291,338 5°49′S 13°29′E / 5.82°S 13.48°E / -5.82; 13.48 (Matadi)
Mbanza-Ngungu Cataractes District Mbanza-Ngungu Territory 97,037 5°15′S 14°52′E / 5.25°S 14.86°E / -5.25; 14.86 (Mbanza-Ngungu)
Muanda Muanda Territory 86,896 5°56′S 12°21′E / 5.93°S 12.35°E / -5.93; 12.35 (Muanda)
Seke-Banza Bas-Fleuve District Seke-Banza Territory 6,015 5°20′S 13°16′E / 5.33°S 13.27°E / -5.33; 13.27 (Seke-Banza)
Songololo Cataractes District Songololo Territory 12,382 5°42′S 14°02′E / 5.70°S 14.03°E / -5.70; 14.03 (Songololo)
Tshela Bas-Fleuve District Tshela Territory 45,588 4°58′0″S 12°56′0″E / 4.96667°S 12.93333°E / -4.96667; 12.93333 (Tshela)

Notable People From Kongo CentralEdit


  1. ^ Mansianga, Fonseca (29 November 2019). "Kongo Central : le gouverneur Atou Matubuana et son vice Justin Luemba réhabilités". ACTUALITE.CD (in French). Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  2. ^ "Kongo-central : le kikongo en voie de disparition, le lingala gagne progressivement du terrain [Enquête]". L'Opinion Info (in French). Le lingala est fortement utilisé dans les milieux des enfants et des jeunes, tandis que le Kikongo est principalement utilisé chez les vieilles personnes. [Lingala is used extensively among children and youth, while Kikongo is used primarily among older people.]
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ M. J. Hambrey and W. B. Harland, Earth's Pre-Pleistocene Glacial Record, Cambridge University Press, 2011, p. 157
  5. ^ Godefroid Muzalia Kihangu, Bundu dia Kongo, une résurgence des messianismes et de l’alliance des Bakongo?, Universiteit Gent, België, 2011, p. 1
  6. ^ Central Intelligence Agency (2016). "Democratic Republic of the Congo". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  7. ^ "Constitution de la République Démocratique du Congo du 1er août 1964" [Constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Congo of 1 August 1964]. Global Legal Information Network (in French). 1964. Archived from the original on 2 August 2012. Retrieved 22 May 2012. (Article 4)
  8. ^ "Constitution de la République Démocratique du Congo du 24 juin 1967" [Constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Congo of 24 June 1967]. Global Legal Information Network (in French). 1967. Archived from the original on 2 August 2012. Retrieved 22 May 2012. (Article 1)
  9. ^ a b "Bas-Congo: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 2012-12-16.


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