Kolsky District (Russian: Ко́льский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion), one of the six in Murmansk Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Kolsky Municipal District. It is located in the northwest of the oblast, partially lies on the Kola Peninsula, and borders with the Barents Sea in the north and Finland in the west. The area of the district is 27,600 square kilometers (10,700 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Kola. Population: 44,670 (2010 Census); 51,125 (2002 Census); 73,555 (1989 Census). The population of Kola accounts for 23.4% of the district's total population.
Landscape in Kolsky District
Location of Kolsky District in Murmansk Oblast
|Federal subject||Murmansk Oblast|
|Established||August 1, 1927|
|• Type||Local government|
|• Body||Council of Deputies|
|• Head||Mikhail Chekrygin|
|• Total||27,600 km2 (10,700 sq mi)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1.6/km2 (4.2/sq mi)|
|• Administrative divisions||1 Towns, 5 Urban-type settlements, 5 Territorial okrugs|
|• Inhabited localities||1 Cities/towns, 5 Urban-type settlements, 26 Rural localities|
|• Municipally incorporated as||Kolsky Municipal District|
|• Municipal divisions||6 Urban settlements, 5 Rural settlements|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (MSK )|
Kolsky District is bordered on the west by Pechengsky District, on the southwest by Finland, and on the north by the Barents Sea. The terrain is mostly flat forest (taiga) and rocky tundra. The district mostly covers the Tuloma River and the Kola River, which flow north into Kola Bay and the Barents Sea. The Tuloma River flows out of Lake Notozero, which in turn is fed from the southwest by the Nota River and the Lutto (river).
It was established as Kolsko-Loparsky District (Ко́льско-Лопа́рский райо́н) on August 1, 1927, when the All-Russian Central Executive Committee (VTsIK) issued two Resolutions: "On the Establishment of Leningrad Oblast" and "On the Borders and Composition of the Okrugs of Leningrad Oblast". According to these resolutions, Murmansk Governorate was transformed into Murmansk Okrug, which was divided into six districts (Kolsko-Loparsky being one of them) and included into Leningrad Oblast. The administrative center of the district was in the selo of Kola. Upon establishment, the territory of the former Kolsko-Loparskaya Volost and of Minkinsky Selsoviet of the former Alexandrovskaya Volost were included into the district.
In 1934, the Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee developed a redistricting proposal, which was approved by the Resolution of the 4th Plenary Session of the Murmansk Okrug Committee of the VKP(b) on December 28-29, 1934 and by the Resolution of the Presidium of the Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee on February 2, 1935. According to this proposal, Kolsko-Loparsky District was to be abolished, with Kirovsky and Kolsky Districts to be established in its place. On February 15, 1935, the VTsIK approved the redistricting of the okrug into seven districts, but did not specify what territories the new districts were to include. On February 26, 1935, the Presidium of the Leningrad Oblast Executive Committee worked out the details of the new district scheme and issued a resolution which established Kirovsky District on part of the territory of Kolsko-Loparsky District, including the town of Kirovsk with the work settlement of Kukisvumchorr in its jurisdiction, Yena-Babinsky Selsoviet, and the southern part of Ekostrovsky Selsoviet with the station of Khibiny. Minkinsky Selsoviet of Kolsko-Loparsky District was transferred to Polyarny District, and Kildinsky Selsoviet—to Lovozersky District. Kolsky, Notozersky, Peyvo-Yarvinsky, and Pulozersky Selsoviets, as well as the northern part of Ekostrovsky Selsoviet remained in Kolsko-Loparsky District, which was renamed Kolsky. The administrative center of Kolsky District was slated to be moved to the station of Laplandiya, but temporarily remained in Kola. On June 1, 1936, the renaming of the district was approved by the Resolution of the VTsIK.
The provisions of the February 26, 1935 Resolution, however, were not fully implemented. The station of Laplandiya ultimately never became the administrative center of the district, because Kola was not included into Murmansk as originally intended.
On April 21, 1935, the territory of Ekostrovsky Selsoviet which remained in Kolsky District was re-organized as Imandrovsky Selsoviet by the Resolution of the Presidium of Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee. By the Act of the conciliatory committee on October 20, 1935, the selsoviet was transferred to Kirovsky District—a decision approved by the Presidium of Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee on December 4, 1935 and by the Presidium of Leningrad Oblast Executive Committee on April 5, 1936.
On November 25, 1935, the Presidium of the VTsIK granted work settlement status to the inhabited locality of Moncha-Guba, and renamed it Monchegorsk. At the same time, it was transferred from Kolsky to Kirovsky District.
The work settlement of Nagornovsky and its settlement soviet were transferred from Kolsky District to the administrative jurisdiction of Murmansk City Soviet by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR of August 5, 1953.
On December 26, 1962, when the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR decreed to re-organize the Soviets of People's Deputies and the executive committees of the krais, oblasts, and districts into the industrial and agricultural soviets, Murmansk Oblast was not affected and kept one unified Oblast Soviet and the executive committee. Nevertheless, on February 1, 1963, the Decree by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR established the new structure of the districts of Murmansk Oblast, which classified Kolsky District as rural. However, this classification only lasted for less than two years. The November 21, 1964 Decree by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR restored the unified Soviets of People's Deputies and the executive committees of the krais and oblasts where the division into the urban and rural districts was introduced in 1962, and the districts of Murmansk Oblast were re-categorized as regular districts again by the January 12, 1965 Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR Decree.
Kolsky District has many natural resources, including forests, ore deposits and water life. Atlantic salmon is fished in the rivers of the district. Ore deposits include copper, nickel, and titanium. The area also produces construction materials.
The local representative body is the Council of Deputies of Kolsky District. It has twenty members elected for a term of five years. The Head of the District is the highest executive post and is elected by the Council of Deputies.
- Law #96-01-ZMO
- Charter of Kolsky District
- Official website of Kolsky District. Information About the District Archived October 19, 2012, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
- Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 34–35
- Official website of Kolsky District. Head of Administration Archived October 19, 2012, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
- "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
- The count of urban-type settlements may include the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
- Law #577-01-ZMO
- "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
- "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
- "General Information" (in Russian). Kolsky District. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- "Kolsky District, Murmansk, Russia". Google Maps. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 86
- Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 67
- Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 47–49
- Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 62–63
- Decree #741/18
- Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 55–56
- Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №96-01-ЗМО от 6 января 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Мурманской области», в ред. Закона №1953-01-ЗМО от 24 декабря 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Мурманской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Мурманской области"». Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №10, стр. 3, 16 января 1998 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #96-01-ZMO of January 6, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Murmansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #1953-01-ZMO of December 24, 2015 On Amending the Law of Murmansk Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Murmansk Oblast". ).
- Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №577-01-ЗМО от 29 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе, наименованиях и составе территорий муниципального образования Кольский район и муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №1601-01-ЗМО от 24 апреля 2013 г. «Об упразднении некоторых населённых пунктов Мурманской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Мурманской области». Вступил в силу 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №249, стр. 5, 30 декабря 2004 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #577-01-ZMO of December 29, 2004 On the Status, Names, and Composition of the Territories of the Municipal Formation of Kolsky District and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #1601-01-ZMO of April 24, 2013 On Abolishing Several Inhabited Localities of Murmansk Oblast and on Amending Various Legislative Acts of Murmansk Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2005.).
- Совет депутатов муниципального образования Кольский район. Решение №32/2 от 25 мая 2005 г. «Устав муниципального образования Кольский район Мурманской области», в ред. Решения №50/1 от 8 апреля 2010 г «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Устав муниципального образования Кольский район Мурманской области». Вступил в силу с 1 января 2006 г., за исключением подпункта 8 пункта 1 статьи 8, а также статей 18–29, вступающих в силу в соответствии с пунктами 2 и 3 статьи 51. Опубликован: "Кольское слово", №24, стр. 5–6, 11–13, 24 июня 2005 г. (Council of Deputies of the Municipal Formation of Kolsky District. Decision #32/2 of May 25, 2005 Charter of the Municipal Formation of Kolsky District of Murmansk Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #50/1 of April 8, 2010 On Amending and Supplementing the Charter of the Municipal Formation of Kolsky District of Murmansk Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2006, with the exception of subitem 8 of item 1 of Article 8, as well as Articles 18–29, which take effect in accordance with the provisions specified by items 2 and 3 of Article 51.).
- Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920-1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север".
- Президиум Верховного Совета РСФСР. Указ №741/18 от 9 июля 1960 г. «Об упразднении Полярного района, объединении Североморского городского и Териберского районного советов и переименовании Териберского района Мурманской области». Опубликован: "Ведомости ВС РСФСР", №25, ст. 371, 1960. (Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR. Decree #741/18 of July 9, 1960 On the Abolition of Polyarny District, the Merger of Severomorsk Town and Teribersky District Soviets, and the Renaming of Teribersky District of Murmansk Oblast. ).