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Klin, Klinsky District, Moscow Oblast

Klin (Russian: Клин, lit. a wedge) is a town and the administrative center of Klinsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located 85 kilometers (53 mi) northwest of Moscow. Population: 80,585 (2010 Census);[2] 83,178 (2002 Census);[7] 94,908 (1989 Census);[8] 94,000 (1985 est.).

Klin

Клин
Sovetskaya Square in Klin
Sovetskaya Square in Klin
Flag of Klin
Flag
Coat of arms of Klin
Coat of arms
Location of Klin
Klin is located in Russia
Klin
Klin
Location of Klin
Klin is located in Moscow Oblast
Klin
Klin
Klin (Moscow Oblast)
Coordinates: 56°20′N 36°44′E / 56.333°N 36.733°E / 56.333; 36.733Coordinates: 56°20′N 36°44′E / 56.333°N 36.733°E / 56.333; 36.733
CountryRussia
Federal subjectMoscow Oblast[1]
Administrative districtKlinsky District[1]
TownKlin[1]
Known since1317
Town status since1781
Government
 • HeadAlexander Postrigan
Area
 • Total17 km2 (7 sq mi)
Elevation
160 m (520 ft)
Population
 • Total80,585
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
79,168 (-1.8%)
 • Rank206th in 2010
 • Density4,700/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
 • Capital ofKlinsky District[1], Town of Klin[1]
 • Municipal districtKlinsky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementKlin Urban Settlement[4]
 • Capital ofKlinsky Municipal District[4], Klin Urban Settlement[4]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
141601–141607, 141609, 141612, 141613, 141618
Dialing code(s)+7 49624
OKTMO ID46621101001
Twin townsOrly, LappeenrantaEdit this on Wikidata

HistoryEdit

It has been known since 1317.[citation needed] In 1482, it was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Moscow with the rest of the Principality of Tver. Town status was granted in 1781.[citation needed]

Klin was taken by the Germans briefly during the Battle of Moscow in 1941. The German occupation lasted from November 23 to December 15, 1941. A short time later, on December 19, the British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and the Soviet ambassador to Great Britain Ivan Maysky visited the town with more than twenty correspondents during Eden's first diplomatic mission to Moscow.

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Klin serves as the administrative center of Klinsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with sixty-one rural localities, incorporated within Klinsky District as the Town of Klin.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Klin is incorporated within Klinsky Municipal District as Klin Urban Settlement.[4]

Architecture and cultureEdit

 
Museum of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in Klin

The town is best known as the residence of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, whose house, the Tchaikovsky House-Museum, is open to visitors as a museum. It was here that the composer wrote his last major work, the 6th symphony, or the "Pathetique".

Among several churches, the most noteworthy are the 16th-century church of the Dormition cloister and the baroque Resurrection cathedral (1712).

EconomyEdit

There is a large beer factory, which produces Klinskoye beer.

TransportationEdit

The M10 highway connecting Moscow to St. Petersburg and the Moscow-Saint Petersburg Railway run through the town.

MilitaryEdit

It was home to Klin air base during the Cold War.

SportsEdit

Local association football team Khimik plays in the Moscow Oblast league. Titan Klin play in the VHL, the second level of Russian ice hockey.

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns and sister citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #123-PG
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e Law #80/2005-OZ
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  9. ^ InfoPortal Klin online(in Russian)
  10. ^ "Twin cities". Retrieved April 29, 2014.

SourcesEdit

  • Губернатор Московской области. Постановление №123-ПГ от 28 сентября 2010 г. «Об учётных данных административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области», в ред. Постановления №252-ПГ от 26 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменения в учётные данные административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области». Опубликован: "Информационный вестник Правительства МО", №10, 30 октября 2010 г. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #252-PG of June 26, 2015 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №80/2005-ОЗ от 28 февраля 2005 г. «О статусе и границах Клинского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №36/2011-ОЗ от 25 марта 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Клинского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований", Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Солнечногорского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований", Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Истринского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №44, 12 марта 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #80/2005-OZ of February 28, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Klinsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #36/2011-OZ of March 25, 2011 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Klinsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It", the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Solnechnogorsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It", the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Istrinsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External linksEdit