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Kim Hunter (born Janet Cole; November 12, 1922 – September 11, 2002) was an American film, theatre, and television actress. She won both an Academy Award and a Golden Globe Award, each as Best Supporting Actress, for her performance as Stella Kowalski in the 1951 film A Streetcar Named Desire. Decades later, she was nominated for a Daytime Emmy Award for her work on the long-running soap opera The Edge of Night. She also portrayed the character of chimpanzee Zira in the first three installments of the original film adaptation Planet of the Apes.
November 12, 1922
|Died||September 11, 2002 (aged 79)|
|Spouse(s)||William Baldwin (1944–46; divorced; 1 child)|
Robert Emmett (1951–2000; his death; 1 child)
|Children||Kathryn Deirdre Baldwin (b. 1944)|
Sean Robert Emmett (1954)
Hunter's first film role was in the 1943 film noir, The Seventh Victim, and her first starring role was in the 1946 British fantasy film A Matter of Life and Death. In 1947, she was Stella Kowalski on stage in the original Broadway production of A Streetcar Named Desire. Recreating that role in the 1951 film version, Hunter won both the Academy and Golden Globe awards for Best Supporting Actress. In the interim, however, in 1948, she had already joined with Streetcar co-stars Marlon Brando, Karl Malden, and 47 others, to become one of the first members accepted by the newly created Actors Studio.
Hunter was blacklisted from film and television in the 1950s, amid suspicions of communism in Hollywood, during the era of the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC). She still appeared in an episode of CBS's anthology series Appointment with Adventure and NBC's Justice, based on case files of the New York Legal Aid Society.
In 1956, with the HUAC's influence subsiding, she co-starred in Rod Serling's Peabody Award-winning teleplay on Playhouse 90, "Requiem for a Heavyweight". The telecast won multiple Emmy Awards, including Best Single Program of the Year. She appeared opposite Mickey Rooney in the 1957 live CBS-TV broadcast of The Comedian, another drama written by Rod Serling and directed by John Frankenheimer. In 1959, she appeared in Rawhide in "Incident of the Misplaced Indians" as Amelia Spaulding. In 1962, she appeared in the NBC medical drama The Eleventh Hour in the role of Virginia Hunter in the episode "Of Roses and Nightingales and Other Lovely Things". In 1963, Hunter appeared as Anita Anson on the ABC medical drama Breaking Point in the episode "Crack in an Image". In 1965, she appeared twice as Emily Field in the NBC TV medical series Dr. Kildare. In 1967, she appeared in the pilot episode of Mannix. On February 4, 1968, she appeared as Ada Halle in the NBC TV Western series Bonanza in the episode "The Price of Salt".
Her other major film roles include the love interest of David Niven's character in the film A Matter of Life and Death (1946), and Zira, the sympathetic chimpanzee scientist in the 1968 film Planet of the Apes and two sequels. She also appeared in several radio and TV soap operas, most notably as Hollywood actress Nola Madison in ABC's The Edge of Night, for which she received a Daytime Emmy Award nomination as Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series in 1980. In 1979, she appeared as First Lady Ellen Axson Wilson in the serial drama Backstairs at the White House.
Hunter starred in the controversial TV movie Born Innocent (1974) playing the mother of Linda Blair's character. She also starred in several episodes of the CBS Radio Mystery Theater during the mid-1970s. In 1971, she appeared in an episode of Cannon. In the same year, she starred in a Columbo episode "Suitable for Framing". In 1973, she appeared twice on Lorne Greene's short-lived ABC crime drama Griff, including the episode "The Last Ballad", in which she portrayed Dr. Martha Reed, a physician held by police in the death of a patient. In 1974, she appeared on Raymond Burr's Ironside. In 1977, she appeared on the NBC Western series The Oregon Trail starring Rod Taylor, in the episode "The Waterhole", which also featured Lonny Chapman.
Hunter's last film role in a major motion picture was in Clint Eastwood's 1997 film, Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil. In it, Hunter portrayed Betty Harty, legal secretary for real-life Savannah lawyer, Sonny Seiler.
Hunter was married twice. Her first marriage was in 1944 to William Baldwin, a Marine Corps pilot. Before the marriage was dissolved in 1946, the couple had a daughter, Kathryn. Her second marriage was in 1951 to actor Robert Emmett; together, they had a son, Sean Robert. Hunter and Emmett would occasionally perform together in stage plays; he died in 2000. Hunter was a lifelong liberal Democrat.
Hunter died in New York City on September 11, 2002, of a heart attack at the age of 79. She was survived by both her daughter and her son. She was cremated and her ashes given to her daughter.
|1943||The Seventh Victim||Mary Gibson|
|Tender Comrade||Doris Dumbrowski|
|Reconnaissance Pilot||Mrs. Cummings (uncredited)||Documentary short|
|1944||A Canterbury Tale||Johnson's Girl||US release scenes shot in 1946|
|When Strangers Marry||Millie Baxter|
|1945||You Came Along||Frances Hotchkiss|
|1946||A Matter of Life and Death||June|
|1951||A Streetcar Named Desire||Stella Kowalski||Academy Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role|
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture
|1952||Deadline - U.S.A.||Nora Hutcheson|
|Anything Can Happen||Helen Watson|
|1952||A Midsummer Daydream||Elizabeth|
|1956||Bermuda Affair||Fran West|
|Storm Center||Martha Lockridge|
|1957||The Young Stranger||Helen Ditmar|
|1959||Middle of the Night||Betty Preisser|
|1959||Money, Women and Guns||Mary Johnston Kingman|
|1960||The Closing Door||TV movie|
|Special for Women: The Cold Woman||The Cold Woman||TV movie|
|1961||Give Us Barabbas!||Mara||TV movie|
|1964||Lilith||Dr. Bea Brice|
|1966||Lamp at Midnight||Virginia||Hallmark Hall of Fame TV movie|
|1968||Planet of the Apes||Dr. Zira|
|The Young Loner||Freda Williams||TV movie|
|The Swimmer||Betty Graham|
|1970||Dial Hot Line||Mrs. Edith Carruthers||TV movie|
|The Teaching||Nan Golden||TV movie|
|Beneath the Planet of the Apes||Dr. Zira|
|1971||In Search of America||Cora Chandler||TV movie|
|Escape from the Planet of the Apes||Dr. Zira|
|Jennifer on My Mind||Walker's Mother||Scenes cut|
|Columbo||Edna Matthews||Episode "Suitable for Framing"|
|1974||Unwed Father||Judy Simmons||TV movie|
|Born Innocent||Mrs. Parker||TV movie|
|Bad Ronald||Elaine Wilby||TV movie|
|1976||The Dark Side of Innocence||Kathleen Hancock||TV movie|
|Dark August||Adrianna Putnam|
|1978||Stubby Pringle's Christmas||Mrs. Harper||TV movie|
|1979||The Golden Gate Murders||Sister Superior||TV movie|
|1980||F.D.R.: The Last Year||Lucy Rutherfurd||TV movie|
|1981||Skokie||Bertha Feldman||TV movie|
|1985||Private Sessions||Rosemary O'Reilly||TV movie|
|1987||The Kindred||Amanda Hollins|
|1988||Drop-Out Mother||Leona||TV movie|
|1989||Cross of Fire||Mrs. Oberholtzer||TV movie|
|1990||Due occhi diabolici||Mrs. Pym||Segment "The Black Cat"|
|1993||Bloodlines: Murder in the Family||Vera Woodman||TV movie|
|Triumph Over Disaster: The Hurricane Andrew Story||Elsa Rael||TV movie|
|The Black Cat||Mrs. Pym||Short release of segment in Due occhi diabolici|
|1997||Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil||Betty Harty|
|1998||A Price Above Rubies||Rebbitzn|
|Blue Moon||Sheila Keating||TV movie|
|Out of the Cold||Elsa Lindepu|
|2000||The Hiding Place||Muriel|
|Here's to Life!||Nelly Ormond|
Partial TV creditsEdit
|1959||Rawhide||Amelia Spaulding||"Incident of the Misplaced Indians"|
|1964||The Alfred Hitchcock Hour||Adelaide Winters||"The Evil of Adelaide Winters"|
|1971||Columbo||Edna Matthews||"Suitable for Framing"|
|1976||Once an Eagle||Kitty Damon||Miniseries|
|1994||Mad About You||Millie Barton||"Love Letters" episode|
- Baxter, Brian (September 13, 2002). "Kim Hunter". The Guardian.
- "1980 Emmy Winners & Nominees". Soap Opera Digest. American Media, Inc. Archived from the original on August 18, 2004. Retrieved June 28, 2013.
- Lillian Ross; Helen Ross (8 April 1961). "The Player A Profile Of An Art". Simon And Schuster – via Internet Archive.
- "Winners & Nominees : Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in any Motion Picture 1952". GoldenGlobes.com. Golden Globe Awards. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- "Oscar Ceremony 1952 (Actress In A Supporting Role)". Oscars.org. Academy Awards. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- Dick Kleiner: "The Actors Studio: Making Stars Out of the Unknown," The Sarasota Journal (Friday, December 21, 1956), p. 26. "That first year, they interviewed around 700 actors and picked 50. In that first group were people like Marlon Brando, Montgomery Clift, Tom Ewell, John Forsythe, Julie Harris, Kim Hunter, Karl Malden, E.G. Marshall, Margaret Phillips, Maureen Stapleton, Kim Stanley, Jo Van Fleet, Eli Wallach, Ray Walston and David Wayne."
- "Justice". The Classic TV Archive. Archived from the original on 2011-10-08. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
- "Kim Hunter". 12 September 2002 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- "Kim Hunter Obituary - Legacy.com". www.legacy.com.
- Wilson, Scott (16 September 2016). "Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed". McFarland – via Google Books.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kim Hunter.|
- Kim Hunter on IMDb
- Kim Hunter at AllMovie
- Kim Hunter at the Internet Broadway Database
- Kim Hunter at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Kim Hunter scripts and rehearsal notes, 1957–1993, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
- Kim Hunter papers, Additions 1925-2000, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
- Kim Hunter at The Interviews: An Oral History of Television