Khorasani Kurds

Khorasani Kurds (Kurdish: کوردانی خۆراسان, Persian: کردهای خراسان) are Kurds who live in the provinces of North Khorasan and Razavi Khorasan in northeastern Iran, along the Iran-Turkmenistan border. There are about 696 Kurdish villages in the two Khorasan provinces.[3]

Khorasani Kurds
Kurdê Xorasanê.jpg
Khorasani Kurds in traditional clothes
Total population
500,000[1] to 1,000,000[2]
Regions with significant populations
mainly North Khorasan, but also Razavi Khorasan, and Golestan province
Languages
Kurdish, and Persian
Religion
Islam
(both Sunni Islam and Shia Islam)

HistoryEdit

Deportations of Kurds from present-day Turkish Kurdistan and South Caucasus to Khorasan were initiated by Ismail I and continued under Tahmasp I in the early 16th century. A further 45,000 Kurdish families were deported from 1598 to 1601. In the following decades, five Kurdish domains were established in Khorasan by Abbas the Great stretching from Astarabad to Chenaran. During the reign of Nader Shah, Kurds from Ardalan and those already deported to Khorasan were settled in Gilan Province.[4]

The main reason behind the deportations was the desire to create a defense-line against Turkmen and Uzbek nomads from Central Asia.[5]

Kurdish tribesEdit

Kurdish tribes in Khorasan include the Amar, Baçvan, Badlan, Berivan, Bicervan, Çapeş, Davan, Hamazkan, Izan, Keyvan, Mamyan, Mastyan, Mozdegan, Palokan, Qaçkan, Qarabas, Qaraçur, Qaraman, Reşwan, Rudkan, Sevkan, Silsepuran, Şad, Şeyhkan, Şirvan, Torosan, Tukan, Tupkan, Zafaran, Zangalan, Zaraqkan, Zardkan and Zeydan who are all Kurmanji-speaking[6] and Shia Muslim.[7]

Other tribes include the Lak in Kalat and Darragaz who still speak Laki.[8]

VillagesEdit

The following villages are populated by Kurds:

BojnordEdit

Kurdish villages in Bojnord include:[9]

Torbat-e Jam

One Kurdish village exist in Torbat-e Jam County:[10]

  • Zeyli

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "IRAN v. PEOPLES OF IRAN (1) A General Survey". Encyclopædia Iranica. March 29, 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
  2. ^ The Kurds of Khorasan
  3. ^ Madih (2007), p. 12.
  4. ^ Madih (2007), p. 14.
  5. ^ Madih (2007), p. 13.
  6. ^ Madih (2007), pp. 17–18.
  7. ^ Madih (2007), p. 11.
  8. ^ Hamzeh’ee, Mohammad Reza (2015). "Lak tribe". Iranica Online.
  9. ^ Madih (2007), pp. 21–22.
  10. ^ Madih (2007), p. 22.

BibliographyEdit