Khoiniki (Belarusian: Хойнікі, romanizedChojniki, IPA: [ˈxɔɪ̯n̪ʲikʲi]; Russian: Хойники, romanizedKhoyniki; Polish: Chojniki) is a town in Gomel Region, Belarus.[2] It serves as the administrative center of Khoiniki District.[2][1] As of 2024, it has a population of 13,167.[1]

Хойнікі (Belarusian)
Хойники (Russian)
Flag of Khoiniki
Coat of arms of Khoiniki
Khoiniki is located in Belarus
Coordinates: 51°53′21″N 29°57′52″E / 51.88917°N 29.96444°E / 51.88917; 29.96444
RegionGomel Region
DistrictKhoiniki District
First mentioned1504
 • Total20.5 km2 (7.9 sq mi)
 • Total13,167
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK)
Postal code
247600, 247601, 247618, 247622-247624
Area code+375 2346
License plate3

In 1986, the area around Khoiniki experienced heavy radioactive fallout from the Chernobyl accident; however, the city itself was not significantly affected. Today, the town hosts the headquarters of Polesie State Radioecological Reserve and employs over 700 people. The reserve itself is located south of the town in a heavily contaminated area.

History edit

According to historical records, Khoiniki was first mentioned in 1504 as a dependency of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.[3] It was incorporated into the Russian Empire in 1793, as a result of the Second Partition of Poland.

In 1897, the city, located in the Pale of Settlement, had a large Jewish community of 1,668 people (62% of the total population).[4]

In 1919, Khoiniki was attached to the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. It was then transferred in 1927 to the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. Khoiniki was occupied by Nazi Germany from August 25, 1941, to November 23, 1943. City status was granted to it on November 10, 1967. It was seriously affected in 1986 by the Chernobyl disaster.

References edit

  1. ^ a b c "Численность населения на 1 января 2024 г. и среднегодовая численность населения за 2023 год по Республике Беларусь в разрезе областей, районов, городов, поселков городского типа". Archived from the original on 2 April 2024. Retrieved 9 April 2024.
  2. ^ a b Gaponenko, Irina Olegovna (2006). Назвы населеных пунктаў Рэспублікі Беларусь: Гомельская вобласць. Minsk: Тэхналогія. p. 310. ISBN 985-458-131-4.
  3. ^ Аrchiwum Główny Akt Dawnych. Аrchiwum Рrozorów і Jelskich. Sygn. 1. S. 3, 200. Sygn. 2. S. 78
  4. ^ Jewish population of the city