Kho Orluk

Kho Orluk (Mongolian: Хо Өрлөг; died 1644) was an Oirat prince and Taish of the Torghut-Oirat tribe. Around 1616, Kho Orluk persuaded the other Torghut princes and lesser nobility to move their tribe en masse westward through southern Siberia and southward along the Emba River to the grass steppes north of the Russian garrison at Astrakhan.[1] During the process of securing the steppes for his people, Kho Orluk met limited resistance from the local Muslim tribesman, therefore setting the foundation of what later became known as the Kalmyk Khanate.

Kho Orluk
SuccessorShukhur Daichin
Bornc. 1580
Kho Orluk
KhanateKalmyk Khanate

In 1620 his daughter married Ishim-khan (son of Kuchum, Khan of Sibir).[2][3]


  1. ^ Havnevik, Hanna; Hüsken, Ute; Teeuwen, Mark; Tikhonov, Vladimir; Wellens, Koen (2017-02-17). Buddhist Modernities: Re-inventing Tradition in the Globalizing Modern World. Taylor & Francis. p. 92. ISBN 9781134884759.
  2. ^ Grousset, René (1970). The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia. Rutgers University Press. p. 521. ISBN 9780813513041. ishim-khan married.
  3. ^ Maksimov, Konstantin Nikolaevich (2008). Kalmykia in Russia's Past and Present National Policies and Administrative System. Central European University Press. p. 2. ISBN 9789639776173.