Kh-32 (Russian: Х-32) is a Russian supersonic air-launched cruise missile with a range of 600–1000 km developed by the MKB Raduga from the Kh-22. The missile was accepted to service in 2016 as armament for the Tu-22M3M bombers.[1]

X-22 under Tu-22M3.jpg
Tu-22M3 with a Kh-22 missile. Kh-32 shares its hull with its predecessor.
TypeAir-to-surface missile
Place of originSoviet Union
Service history
Used byRussia
Production history
DesignerMKB Raduga

600–1,000 km (320–540 nmi)
Flight ceiling40,000 m
Maximum speed Mach 3.5 – Mach 4.6 (4,290–5,640 km/h; 2,660–3,500 mph)
Inertial guidance followed by terminal active radar homing


Work on the deep modernization of the Kh-22 missile began in the late 1980s, due to the low immunity of its guidance radar operating at fixed frequencies. When the enemy was using radar jamming, the launch of the Kh-22 was impossible.

State contract number 01133 for development work on the topic "Adaptation" was signed in 19 June 1990. Due to the general crisis in the country and insufficient financing, work on the topic was suspended several times. In 1998, the first missile tests were carried out on the basis of the 929th GLITS, and further work was stopped due to lack of funding from the Tupolev Design Bureau for the modernization of the aircraft-carrier.

On 7 March 2008, Contract No. 83042 was signed with the Raduga State Committee for Design and Development for testing prototypes of 9-A-2362 missiles with TK-56 missiles until 25 November 2011. OJSC Tupolev was to re-equip one combat aircraft Tu-22M3 for testing within the framework of the topic Adaptation-45.03M.

Based on the Resolution of the Council of Ministers of Russia No. 1080-31 December 2010 on the state defense order for 2011 and its planned period for 2012–2013, the Tu-22M3 aircraft board No. 9804 / head No. 4898649 as part of the modernization of the Tu-22M3 fleet was reequipped with pilot production of the OKB Design Bureau named after A.N. Tupolev (topic "Potential") for testing air-to-ground missiles 9-A-2362. Flight tests of the aircraft with missiles were conducted at the end of July 2013. Several flights have been completed, including at least one flight with missile launches.

As of August 2016, at Tactical Missile Armament Corporation (which includes MKB Raduga), the research on the product continued. It was also confirmed that the product is in a high degree of technical readiness.

At the end of 2016 the Kh-32 missile officially adopted. Planned modernization of 30 aircraft Tu-22M3 in the Tu-22M3M version.[2][3][4][5]


The main differences from the Kh-22Edit

The Kh-32 missile is made in the Kh-22 case and their geometrical dimensions are completely identical. Warhead weight has been reduced to 500 kg (1,100 lb) to improve range.[6]

Installed another, more powerful engine. A new interference-free radar inertial guidance system with radio command correction and reference to the terrain (from altimeter) was installed. Instead of autopilot installed automatic control system.[7]

Its maximum range of 620 miles (997 kilometers) means it can be launched outside the maximum range of US Navy F/A-18 Super Hornets, which have a maximum combat radius of around 550 miles(885 kilometers).[4]

Penetration of missile defense systemsEdit

Konstantin Sivkov believes that Kh-32 possesses powerful means of breaking through the missile defense system of Aegis Combat System", equipped with Standard Missile 6 missiles[8][7]

  • The Kh-32 on the final stage attacks the target in a steep dive (breaking the missile defense against radars that do not include objects directly above themselves in their viewing angle);
  • Multi-frequency radar in Kh-32 has better resistance to EW such as spot jamming

Sources and literatureEdit


  1. ^ "New Kh-32 Antiship Missile Becomes Operational in Russia - part 1". 26 March 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Russia will arm itself with the invulnerable 'aircraft carrier killer'". Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  3. ^ Litovkin, Nikolai; RBTH (30 August 2016). "New Russian cruise missiles to hit targets from the stratosphere". Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  4. ^ a b Lockie, Alex. "Russia upgraded a nuclear bomber â€" and its missiles are a nightmare for US Navy aircraft carriers". Business Insider. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  5. ^ Diplomat, Franz-Stefan Gady, The. "Russia's Upgraded Tu-22M3M Long-Range Bomber to Make Maiden Flight in August". The Diplomat. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  6. ^ "New Russian cruise missiles to hit targets from 130,000 feet". 30 August 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  7. ^ a b "Unnoticed troubler peace of mind | Military Industrial Courier weekly". Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  8. ^ "The Russian "Kitchen" was called invulnerable to American missiles". Retrieved 22 March 2018.