The Keith Medal was a prize awarded by the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Scotland's national academy, for a scientific paper published in the society's scientific journals, preference being given to a paper containing a discovery, either in mathematics or earth sciences.

Lord Kelvin's Keith medal in the Hunterian Museum, Glasgow

The Medal was inaugurated in 1827 as a result of a gift from Alexander Keith of Dunnottar, the first Treasurer of the Society. It was awarded quadrennially, alternately for a paper published in: Proceedings A (Mathematics) or Transactions (Earth and Environmental Sciences). The medal bears the head of John Napier of Merchiston.

The medal is no longer awarded.[1]

Recipients of the Keith Gold Medal


Source (1827 to 1913): Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

19th century
  • 1827–29: David Brewster,[2] on his Discovery of Two New Immiscible Fluids in the Cavities of certain Minerals
  • 1829–31: David Brewster,[2] on a New Analysis of Solar Light
  • 1831–33: Thomas Graham,[3][2] on the Law of the Diffusion of Gases
  • 1833–35: James David Forbes,[2] on the Refraction and Polarization of Heat
  • 1835–37: John Scott Russell,[4] on Hydrodynamics
  • 1837–39: John Shaw,[5] on the Development and Growth of the Salmon
  • 1839–41: Not awarded[5]
  • 1841–43: James David Forbes,[2] on Glaciers
  • 1843–45: Not awarded[5]
  • 1845–47: Sir Thomas Brisbane,[5] for the Makerstoun Observations on Magnetic Phenomena
  • 1847–49: Not awarded[5]
  • 1849–51: Philip Kelland,[4] on General Differentiation, including his more recent Communication on a process of the Differential Calculus, and its application to the solution of certain Differential Equations
  • 1851–53: William John Macquorn Rankine,[4] on the Mechanical Action of Heat
  • 1853–55: Thomas Anderson,[2] on the Crystalline Constituents of Opium, and on the Products of the Destructive Distillation of Animal Substances
  • 1855–57: George Boole,[5] on the Application of the Theory of Probabilities to Questions of the Combination of Testimonies and Judgments
  • 1857–59: Not awarded[5]
  • 1859–61: John Allan Broun, on the Horizontal Force of the Earth’s Magnetism, on the Correction of the Bifilar Magnetometer, and on Terrestrial Magnetism generally
  • 1861–63: William Thomson,[4] on some Kinematical and Dynamical Theorems
  • 1863–65: James David Forbes,[2] for Experimental Inquiry into the Laws of Conduction of Heat in Iron Bars
  • 1865–67: Charles Piazzi Smyth,[4] on Recent Measures at the Great Pyramid
  • 1867–69: Peter Guthrie Tait,[4] on the Rotation of a Rigid Body about a Fixed Point
  • 1869–71: James Clerk Maxwell,[4] on Figures, Frames, and Diagrams of Forces
  • 1871–73: Peter Guthrie Tait,[4] First Approximation to a Thermo-electric Diagram
  • 1873–75: Alexander Crum Brown,[2] on the Sense of Rotation, and on the Anatomical Relations of the Semicircular Canals of the Internal Ear
  • 1875–77: Matthew Forster Heddle,[2] on the Rhombohedral Carbonates and on the Felspars of Scotland
  • 1877–79: Henry Charles Fleeming Jenkin,[2] on the Application of Graphic Methods to the Determination of the Efficiency of Machinery
  • 1879–81: George Chrystal,[2] on the Differential Telephone
  • 1881–83: Sir Thomas Muir,[4] Researches into the Theory of Determinants and Continued Fractions
  • 1883–85: John Aitken,[6] on the Formation of Small Clear Spaces in Dusty Air
  • 1885–87: John Young Buchanan,[2] for a series of communications, extending over several years, on subjects connected with Ocean Circulation, Compressibility of Glass, etc.
  • 1887–89: Edmund Albert Letts,[4] for his papers on the Organic Compounds of Phosphorus
  • 1889–91: Robert Traill Omond,[4] for his contributions to Meteorological Science
  • 1891–93: Sir Thomas Richard Fraser,[2] for his papers on Strophanthus hispidus, Strophanthin, and Strophanthidin
  • 1893–95: Cargill Gilston Knott,[4] for his papers on the Strains produced by Magnetism in Iron and in Nickel
  • 1895–97: Sir Thomas Muir,[4] for his continued communications on Determinants and Allied Questions
  • 1897–99: James Burgess,[7][2] on the Definite Integral ...
20th/21st century

See also



  1. ^ "Keith Medal". RSE. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh" (PDF). Royal Society of Edinburgh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 September 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2014.
  3. ^ "News and Events". University of Strathclyde. Archived from the original on 5 December 2014. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh" (PDF). Royal Society of Edinburgh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Keith Awards 1827-1890". Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. 36 (3): 767–770. 1892. doi:10.1017/S0080456800037984. S2CID 251574207.
  6. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Aitken, John" . Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York: The Encyclopædia Britannica Company.
  7. ^ "Obituary-James Burgess". Scottish Geographical Magazine. 32 (11): 535–538. 1916. doi:10.1080/14702541608541591.
  8. ^ "Copson Professor". Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
  9. ^ "The Royal Society of Edinburgh. Keith Prize Award". The Glasgow Herald. 2 June 1942. p. 5. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  10. ^ "Professor Alistair Graham FRS". Malacological Society. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  11. ^ a b c d e "Directory 2013/2014" (PDF). RSE. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2014.
  12. ^ "Douglas Samuel Jones" (PDF). Royal Society of Edinburgh. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  13. ^ "Professor Michael Stephen Patrick Eastham". Cardiff University. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  14. ^ "Professor John Bryce McLeod FRS FRSE (1929 - 2014)". University of Oxford. Retrieved 28 November 2014.