The Herald is a Scottish broadsheet newspaper founded in 1783. The Herald is the longest running national newspaper in the world and is the eighth oldest daily paper in the world. The title was simplified from The Glasgow Herald in 1992. Following the closure of the Sunday Herald, the Herald on Sunday was launched as a Sunday edition on 9 September 2018.
|Publisher||Herald & Times Group|
|Headquarters||200 Renfield Street|
|Circulation||25,869 (July to Dec 2017)|
The newspaper was founded by an Edinburgh-born printer called John Mennons in January 1783 as a weekly publication called the Glasgow Advertiser. Mennons' first edition had a global scoop: news of the treaties of Versailles reached Mennons via the Lord Provost of Glasgow just as he was putting the paper together. War had ended with the American colonies, he revealed. The Herald, therefore, is as old as the United States of America, give or take an hour or two.
First sale and renamingEdit
In 1802, Mennons sold the newspaper to Benjamin Mathie and Dr James McNayr, former owner of the Glasgow Courier, which along with the Mercury, was one of two papers Mennons had come to Glasgow to challenge. Mennons' son Thomas retained an interest in the company. The new owners changed the name to The Herald and Advertiser and Commercial Chronicle in 1803. In 1805 the name changed again, this time to The Glasgow Herald when Thomas Mennons severed his ties to the paper.
From 1836 to 1964, The Glasgow Herald was owned by George Outram & Co. becoming one of the first daily newspapers in Scotland in 1858. The company took its name from the paper's editor of 19 years, George Outram, an Edinburgh advocate best known in Glasgow for composing light verse. Outram was an early Scottish nationalist, a member of the National Association for the Vindication of Scottish Rights. The Glasgow Herald, under Outram, argued that the promised privileges of the Treaty of Union had failed to materialise and demanded that, for example, that the heir to the British throne be called "Prince Royal of Scotland". "Any man calling himself a Scotsman should enrol in the National Association," said The Herald.
In 1895, the publication moved to a building in Mitchell Street designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh, which now houses the architecture centre, The Lighthouse. In 1980, the publication moved to offices in Albion Street in Glasgow into the former Scottish Daily Express building. It is now based in a purpose-built building in Renfield Street, Glasgow.
One of the most traumatic episodes in the history of The Glasgow Herald was the battle for control and ownership of the paper in 1964. Two millionaires, Hugh Fraser, 1st Baron Fraser of Allander and Roy Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson of Fleet, whose newspaper empire included The Glasgow Herald's archrival, The Scotsman, fought for control of the title for 52 days. Hugh Fraser, 1st Baron Fraser of Allander was to win. The paper's then editor James Holburn was a "disapproving onlooker". The Labour Party condemned the battle as "big business at its worst".
The newspaper changed its name to The Herald on 3 February 1992, dropping Glasgow from its title, but not its masthead. That same year the title was bought by Caledonia Newspaper Publishing & Glasgow. In 1996 was purchased by Scottish Television (later called the Scottish Media Group). As of 2013, the newspaper along with its related publications, the Evening Times and Sunday Herald, were owned by the Newsquest media group.
Graeme Smith assumed editorship of The Herald in January 2017, replacing Magnus Llewellin, who had held the post since 2013. Notable past editors include: John Mennons, 1782; Samuel Hunter, 1803; George Outram, 1836; James Pagan, 1856; Prof William Jack FRSE (1870–1876); James Holburn 1955–1965; George MacDonald Fraser, 1964; Alan Jenkins, 1978; Arnold Kemp 1981; Mark Douglas-Home, 2000; and Charles McGhee, 2006.
The Herald's main political commentator is Iain Macwhirter, who writes twice a week for the paper and who is broadly supportive of independence. Columnist and political pundit David Torrance, however, is more sceptical about the need for – and prospect of – a new Scottish state. Other prominent columnists include Alison Rowat, who covers everything from cinema to international statecraft; novelist Rosemary Goring; Marianne Taylor; Catriona Stewart; former Scottish justice secretary and SNP politician Kenny MacAskill and Kevin McKenna. Foreign editor David Pratt and business editor Ian McConnell, both multi-award-winning journalists, provide analysis of their fields every Friday.
The Herald DiaryEdit
Currently edited by Lorne Jackson, the column has been spun off in to a popular series of books since the 1980s. The Herald Diary used to be edited by writer Tom Shields. Sean Connery once said: "First thing each morning I turn to The Herald on my computer – first for its witty Diary, which helps keep my Scots sense of humour in tune."[better source needed]
Publishing and circulationEdit
It is currently printed at Carmyle, just south east of Glasgow. The paper is published Monday to Saturday in Glasgow and as of 2017 it had an audited circulation of 28,900. The Herald's website is protected by a paywall. It is part of the Newsquest Scotland stable of sites, which have 41m page views a month.
The Herald in every edition declares that it does not endorse any political party. However, the newspaper backed a 'No' vote in the 2014 referendum on Scottish independence. The accompanying headline stated, "The Herald's view: we back staying within UK, but only if there's more far-reaching further devolution."
- "The Herald – Data – ABC – Audit Bureau of Circulations". www.abc.org.uk.
- Cowan, R. M. W. (1946). The newspaper in Scotland : a study of its first expansion, 1816–1860. Glasgow: G. Outram & Co. p. 21.
- Terry, Stephen (2011). Glasgow Almanac: An A–Z of the City and Its People. Glasgow: Neil Wilson Publishing. Chapter 2, last page.
- Reid 2006, p. xiii.
- Griffiths 1992, p. 305.
- Mayhew, Freddy (23 August 2018). "Sunday Herald to close as Newsquest launches two new Sunday newspapers for Scotland in the Sunday National and Herald on Sunday". Press Gazette. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Phillips 1983, p. 11.
- Reid 2006, p. xiv.
- "Glasgow". Glasgow Advertiser. 27 January 1783. p. 4.
- Phillips 1983, p. 13.
- Maclehose, James (1886). Memoirs and portraits of one hundred Glasgow men who have died during the last thirty years and in their lives did much to make the city what it now is. Glasgow: James Maclehose & Sons. p. 259.
- Phillips 1983, p. 48.
- Phillips 1983, p. 49.
- Shea, Christopher D. (11 July 2016). "Mackintosh's Classic Designs Abound in Glasgow". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- Phillips 1983, p. 152.
- Phillips 1983, p. 157.
- "Newsquest Scotland names editorial chief – Newsquest". 21 November 2016.
- "From the archives". The Herald. 27 February 2013. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- "Profile: Alison Rowat". www.heraldscotland.com.
- "The Winners at the 2012 Awards – Scottish Newspaper Society". www.scotns.org.uk.
- "Scottish Press Awards winners announded including Herald and Scotsman – Journalism News from HoldtheFrontPage".
- Smith, Ken (27 October 2016). "The Herald Diary 2016: That's the Sealiest Thing I've Read!". Black and White Publishing – via Amazon.
- Shields, Tom (4 November 1993). "Tom Shields Too: More Tom Shields' Diary". Mainstream Publishing – via Amazon.
- Smith, Ken (7 October 2010). "The Herald Diary 2010". Black and White Publishing – via Amazon.
- "About HeraldScotland". Glasgow: Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- Fraser, Douglas (24 February 2017). "Decline in Scottish newspaper print sales continues". BBC.
- Omniture August 2016; includes s1 and E&M Scottish network[not specific enough to verify]
- "The Herald's view: we back staying within UK, but only if there's more far-reaching further devolution". The Herald. 16 September 2014. p. 14.
- Griffiths, Dennis, ed. (1992). The Encyclopedia of the British Press, 1422–1992. London and Basingstoke: Macmillan.
- Phillips, Alastair (1983). Glasgow's Herald: Two Hundred Years of a Newspaper 1783–1983. Glasgow: Richard Drew Publishing. ISBN 0-86267-008-X.
- Reid, Harry (2006). Deadline: The Story of the Scottish Press. Edinburgh: Saint Andrew Press. ISBN 978-0-7152-0836-6.