Kehinde Wiley (born February 28, 1977) is a Nigerian-American portrait painter based in New York City, who is known for his highly naturalistic paintings of black people. He was commissioned in 2017 to paint a portrait of former President Barack Obama for the Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery, which has portraits of all the US presidents. The Columbus Museum of Art, which hosted an exhibition of his work in 2007, describes his work as follows: "Wiley has gained recent acclaim for his heroic portraits which address the image and status of young African-American men in contemporary culture."
Wiley in 2015
|Born||February 28, 1977|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Wiley's portrait of Obama was unveiled on February 12, 2018. He and Amy Sherald, whose portrait of former First Lady Michelle Obama was simultaneously unveiled, are the first black artists to paint official portraits of the president or First Lady for the National Portrait Gallery.
Some observers criticized the selection of Wiley for the commission because he had earlier produced two painting variations of Judith Beheading Holofernes, in which he depicts African-American women holding the severed heads of white women. Wiley said that this is a "play on the 'kill whitey' thing".
Early life and educationEdit
Wiley was born in Los Angeles, California. His father is Yoruba from Nigeria, and his mother is African American. Wiley has a twin brother. When Wiley was a child, his mother supported his interest in art and enrolled him in after-school art classes. At the age of 11, he spent a short time at an art school in Russia. He continued with other classes in the US.
The twins were raised by their mother; their father had returned to Nigeria. Wiley traveled to Nigeria at the age of 20 to meet his father and explore his family roots there. Wiley earned his BFA from the San Francisco Art Institute in 1999 and his MFA from Yale University, School of Art in 2001. Wiley became an artist-in-residence at the Studio Museum in Harlem.
Wiley often references Old Masters paintings for the pose of a figure. Wiley's paintings often blur the boundaries between traditional and contemporary modes of representation. Rendering his figures in a realistic mode—while making references to specific Old Master paintings—Wiley creates a fusion of period styles and influences, ranging from French Rococo, Islamic architecture, and West African textile design, to urban hip hop and the "Sea Foam Green" of a Martha Stewart Interiors color swatch. Wiley depicts his slightly larger than life-size figures in a heroic manner, giving them poses that connote power and spiritual awakening. Wiley's portrayal of masculinity is filtered through these poses of power and spirituality.
Wiley's Napoleon Leading the Army Over the Alps (2005) is based on Napoleon Crossing the Alps (1800) by Jacques-Louis David, often regarded as a "masterpiece." Wiley restaged it with an African rider wearing modern army fatigues and a bandanna. Wiley "investigates the perception of blackness and creates a contemporary hybrid Olympus in which tradition is invested with a new street credibility".
His portraits are based on photographs of young men whom Wiley sees on the street. He has painted men from Harlem's 125th Street, as well as the South Central Los Angeles neighborhood where he was born. Dressed in street clothes, his models were asked to assume poses from the paintings of Renaissance masters, such as Tiziano Vecellio and Giovanni Battista Tiepolo. Wiley describes his approach as "interrogating the notion of the master painter, at once critical and complicit". His figurative paintings "quote historical sources and position young black men within that field of power". In this manner, his paintings fuse history and style in a unique and contemporary manner. His art has been described as having homoerotic qualities. Wiley has used a sperm motif as symbolic of masculinity and gender.
Wiley had a retrospective in 2016 at the Seattle Art Museum. In May 2017, he had an exhibit, Trickster, at the Sean Kelly Gallery, New York City. The exhibit featured 11 paintings depicting contemporary black artists.
Wiley opened a studio in Beijing, China, in 2006 to use several helpers to do brushstrokes for his paintings. Initially, outsourcing work to China had been done to cut costs but by 2012, Wiley told New York magazine that low costs was no longer the reason.
After visiting Richmond, Virginia, Wiley became interested in the Confederate monuments on Monument Avenue and the idea of the Lost Cause of the Confederacy existing within a modern "hipster" town. In response to the monuments, Wiley decided to create Rumors of War, a thirty foot tall statue of a young, black man modeled on Monument Avenue's statue of J. E. B. Stuart. Rumors of War was unveiled in Times Square before being moved to the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, a mile away from the J. E. B. Stuart statue which inspired it.
"Kill whitey" paintingsEdit
In 2012, Wiley, who is known for painting men, exhibited work in Beijing including multiple paintings of women. New York Magazine described his variation of the painting of Judith Beheading Holofernes as standing out among the others. It described the painting as showing "a tall, elegant black woman in a long blue dress. In one hand, she holds a knife. In the other, a cleanly severed brunette female head". Wiley said about his work: "It's sort of a play on the 'kill whitey' thing". Wiley exhibited a second similar painting, also in 2012. It also features a black woman holding a knife in one hand and a white female severed head in the other hand. The paintings are based on the Biblical story of Judith beheading Holofernes, a story of a Jewish woman beheading a male enemy general. Wiley portrayed Judith as a modern-day black woman and the beheading victim as a white woman.
Barack Obama presidential portraitEdit
In October 2017, it was announced that Wiley had been chosen by Barack Obama to paint an official portrait of the former president to appear in Smithsonian's National Portrait Gallery "America's Presidents" exhibition. The painting was unveiled on February 12, 2018, and depicts Obama sitting in a chair seemingly floating among foliage.
Rumors of WarEdit
In September 2019, in Times Square in New York City, Wiley unveiled his Rumors of War, a monumental equestrian statue of an anonymous young African-American man created in response to similar statues of high-ranking Confederate Army brass which still stand in the United States despite persistent calls for their removal. After the work's installation in Times Square it will travel to its permanent home at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts in Richmond, Virginia. At the 27 feet high and 16 feet wide it is his largest work to date.
Recognition and honorsEdit
In October 2011, Wiley received the Artist of the Year Award from the New York City Art Teachers Association/United Federation of Teachers. He also received Canteen Magazine's Artist of the Year Award. Two of Wiley's paintings were featured on the top of 500 New York City taxi cabs in early 2011 as a collaboration with the Art Production Fund.
Puma AG commissioned Wiley to paint four portraits of prominent African soccer players. Patterns from his paintings were incorporated into Puma athletic gear. The complete series, Legends of Unity: World Cup 2010, was exhibited in early 2010 at Deitch Projects in New York City.
His work was exhibited in the National Portrait Gallery as part of the Recognize exhibit in 2008. Kehinde Wiley: A New Republic, was a retrospective at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts (Richmond, VA), in the summer of 2016 (June 11 – September 5). It displayed nearly 60 of his paintings and sculptures.
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Wiley has kept his personal life private but acknowledges that he identifies as a gay man. Between 2014 and 2018, he created Black Rock Senegal in Yoff, an artist residence designed by Senegalese architect Abib Djenne.
Selected solo exhibitionsEdit
- 2006: Kehinde Wiley: Columbus at the Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, OH
- 2006: Willem van Heythuysen at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA
- 2008: Three Wise Men Greeting Entry Into Lagos at (PAFA) Pennsylvania Academy Of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA
- 2009: The World Stage: Brazil at Roberts & Tilton, Los Angeles, CA
- 2009: The World Stage: Africa at ArtSpace, San Antonio, TX
- 2009: Black Light at Deitch Projects, New York City
- 2010: Legends of Unity | World Cup 2010 | PUMA, several locations worldwide
- 2010: The World Stage: India, Sri Lanka at Rhona Hoffman Gallery, Chicago, IL
- 2011: Kehinde Wiley: Selected Works at the Savannah College of Art and Design (SCAD) Museum of Art, Savannah, GA
- 2012: An Economy of Grace at Sean Kelly Gallery, New York City
- 2012: The World Stage: France at Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris
- 2012: Kehinde Wiley/ The World Stage: Israel at The Jewish Museum, New York City
- 2011–13: The World Stage: Israel at Roberts & Tilton, Culver City, CA; traveled to Jewish Museum (New York) (2012); the Contemporary Jewish Museum, San Francisco, CA (2013); Boise Art Museum, Boise, ID (2013)
- 2013: Kehinde Wiley: Memling at Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, AZ
- 2013: The World Stage: Jamaica at Stephen Freidman Gallery, London, UK
- 2015–17: Kehinde Wiley: A New Republic at the Brooklyn Museum (2015), Brooklyn, NY; traveled to Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Fort Worth, TX (2016); Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA (2016); Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, WA (2016); Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, AZ (2016); Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, OH (2017), Oklahoma City Museum of Art (2017)
- 2017: Trickster, Sean Kelly Gallery, New York City
- 2017-18: In Search of the Miraculous at Stephen Freidman Gallery, London, UK
- 2018 October 19 - February 10, 2019: Kehinde Wiley at St. Louis Museum of Art, St. Louis, MO.
- Brooklyn Museum
- Columbus Museum of Art
- Crocker Art Museum in Sacramento, California
- Detroit Institute of Arts (DIA) in Detroit, Michigan
- Hammer Museum, in Los Angeles, California
- Harn Museum of Art in Gainesville, Florida
- High Museum of Art in Atlanta, Georgia
- Jewish Museum in New York City
- Los Angeles County Museum of Art in Los Angeles, California
- Milwaukee Art Museum
- Minneapolis Institute of Art
- Mint Museum in Charlotte, North Carolina
- Nasher Museum of Art in Durham, North Carolina
- Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art in Kansas City, Missouri
- Nerman Museum of Contemporary Art in Overland Park, Kansas
- North Carolina Museum of Art in Raleigh, North Carolina
- Oak Park Public Library, Oak Park, Illinois
- Philbrook Museum of Art in Tulsa, OK
- Phoenix Art Museum in Phoenix, Arizona
- San Antonio Museum of Art
- Studio Museum in Harlem in New York City
- Toledo Museum of Art
- Virginia Museum of Fine Arts in Richmond, Virginia
- Wadsworth Atheneum in Hartford, Connecticut
- Walker Art Center in Minneapolis, Minnesota
Gibbes art museum in Charleston sc
- "Kehinde Wiley", Artnet. Retrieved October 13, 2010.
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- Villarreal, Ignacio. "Kehinde Wiley: Columbus To Open". Art Daily.
- Frank, Priscilla (May 26, 2017). "Kehinde Wiley Paints The Formative Black Artists Of Our Time". Huffington Post. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "Michelle Obama portrait by Baltimore artist Amy Sherald makes national splash". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2018-02-12.
- "Obama portrait artist's past work depicted black women decapitating white women". The Telegraph. 13 February 2018. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
- Levine, Jon (12 February 2018). "Obama Portrait Artist Kehinde Wiley Once Painted Black Women Decapitating White Women". Yahoo Entertainment. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
- "FACT CHECK: Did Obama's Portraitist Paint an Image of a Black Woman Holding the Severed Head of a White Person?". Snopes.com. 2018-02-13. Retrieved 2018-02-14.
- "Artist Talk: Kehinde Wiley". October 26, 2018. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
- Kehinde Wiley, "On studying art in the forests of St. Petersburg at age 12, his hyperdecorative style, and combining grandeur with chance", Wall Street Journal, April 26, 2012.
- Cunningham, Vinson (22 October 2018). "Kehinde Wiley on Painting Masculinity and Blackness, from President Obama to the People of Ferguson". Newyorker. The Newyorker. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
- "PUMA commissions Contemporary Artist Kehinde Wiley to create portraits of African Football Players to Celebrate World Cup 2010 Campaign", PUMA Creative, January 2010. Retrieved October 13, 2010.
- Kehinde Wiley : a new republic. Tsai, Eugenie,, Choi, Connie H.,, Brooklyn Museum,. Brooklyn, NY. ISBN 9783791354309. OCLC 890462668.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: others (link)
- Hurst, Roy. "Young, Gifted, and Black: Painter Kehinde Wiley", NPR, June 1, 2005.
- Hans Werner Holzwarth, ed. (2008). Art Now, Vol. 3: A cutting-edge selection of today's most exciting artists. Taschen. p. 512. ISBN 9783836505116.
- Philip Kennicott (February 12, 2018). "The Obamas' portraits are not what you'd expect and that's why they're great". The Washington Post.
- Clemans, Gayle. "Kehinde Wiley, Napoleon Leading the Army over the Alps". smarthistory.org. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
- Quito, Anne. "The painter who remixes classical European art with black urban youth". Quartz. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
- Smith, Roberta. "A Hot Conceptualist Finds the Secret of Skin". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
- Romano, Tricia. "A new republic: Kehinde Wiley comes to Seattle Art Museum". Seattle Times. Retrieved February 4, 2016.
- "Outsource to China". New York. April 22, 2012.
- Curran, Colleen. "VMFA acquires massive sculpture by artist Kehinde Wiley, created in response to Confederate monuments". Richmond-Times Dispatch. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
- Beam, Christopher (22 April 2012). "Outsource to China - While riffing on the Western canon. Kehinde Wiley's global reach". New York Magazine. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
- Ugwu, Reggie (2019-09-27). "Kehinde Wiley's Times Square Monument: That's No Robert E. Lee". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-10-01.
- "Art: Kehinde Wiley" Archived 2010-03-15 at the Wayback Machine, USA Network. Retrieved October 13, 2010.
- "Equestrian Portrait of the Count-Duke Olivares (captioned image)". Harper's. 320 (1, 919): 17. April 2010. Retrieved August 15, 2011. (subscription required)
- "Painting: Kehinde Wiley", National Portrait Gallery: Recognize! Hip Hop and Contemporary Portraiture. Retrieved October 13, 2010.
- Deborah Solomon (January 28, 2015). "Kehinde Wiley Puts a Classical Spin on His Contemporary Subjects". The New York Times.
- Benjamin Butterworth (20 October 2017). "Barack Obama picks gay artist Kehinde Wiley to do his official portrait". PinkNews. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
- Brian Keith Jackson (April 2019), Kehinde Wiley’s Art Annex New York.
- "Kehinde Wiley / The World Stage: Israel". The Jewish Museum.
- "Brooklyn Museum". www.brooklynmuseum.org. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- Cocoves, Athena. "KEHINDE WILEY'S TWIN DESIRES: CLEARING SPACE AND BUILDING A NEW REPUBLIC AT THE TOLEDO MUSEUM OF ART". Toledo City Paper. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "Kehinde Wiley: Trickster", Sean Kelly.
- "Kehinde Wiley: Saint Louis". Retrieved December 26, 2018.
- "Kehinde Wiley". thejewishmuseum.org.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kehinde Wiley.|
- Official website
- Three Wise Men Greeting Entry into Lagos at PAFA
- Kehinde Wiley at ArtNet
- Kehinde Wiley at Sean Kelly Gallery
- Kehinde Wiley at Roberts & Projects
- Artist Towel Series 2008
- Kehinde Wiley at Minneapolis Institute of Art
- Cunningham, Vinson. "and Blackness, from President Obama to the People of Ferguson". New Yorker. The New Yorker. Retrieved 22 October 2018.