Kaysersberg (German: Kaisersberg [ˈkaɪzɐsbɛʁk] (listen); Alsatian: Kaiserschbarig) is a historical town and former commune in Alsace in northeastern France. The name is German for Emperor's Mountain. The high fortress that dominates the town serves as a reminder of both its strategic importance and its warlike past.

Kaysersberg

Kaiserschbarig (Alsatian)
Kaisersberg  (German)
The town as seen from the castle
The town as seen from the castle
Coat of arms of Kaysersberg
Location of Kaysersberg
Kaysersberg is located in France
Kaysersberg
Kaysersberg
Kaysersberg is located in Grand Est
Kaysersberg
Kaysersberg
Coordinates: 48°08′N 7°16′E / 48.14°N 7.26°E / 48.14; 7.26Coordinates: 48°08′N 7°16′E / 48.14°N 7.26°E / 48.14; 7.26
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentHaut-Rhin
ArrondissementColmar-Ribeauvillé
CantonSainte-Marie-aux-Mines
CommuneKaysersberg Vignoble
Area
1
24.82 km2 (9.58 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[1]
2,426
 • Density98/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal code
68240
Elevation236–924 m (774–3,031 ft)
(avg. 240 m or 790 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Kaysersberg lies in the canton of Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines, which itself is a subdivision of the Colmar-Ribeauvillé arrondissement. It was a separate commune until 1 January 2016, when it was merged into the new commune of Kaysersberg Vignoble together with nearby Kientzheim and Sigolsheim, and remains its seat.[2]

The town was first mentioned in 1227, when the German emperor Frederic II gave orders to build (or rebuild?) the castle. During the Middle Ages, Kaysersberg, a member of the Decapolis, prospered. In 1648, the city became a part of France, although most inhabitants continued to speak German. From 1871 to 1918 and (again from 1940 to 1944) Kaysersberg belonged to Germany.

In 2017 Kaysersberg was voted the Village préféré des Français (Village favoured by the French). The inhabitants are called Kaysersbergeois.

GeographyEdit

Kaysersberg lies about 12 kilometres (7 mi) northwest of Colmar, on the eastern slopes of the Vosges mountains.

Kaysersberg lies on the Route des Vins d'Alsace (Alsace "Wine Route"). Kaysersberg is north of Ammerschwihr and south of Riquewihr.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1962 2,821—    
1968 2,979+0.91%
1975 2,942−0.18%
1982 2,707−1.18%
1990 2,755+0.22%
1999 2,676−0.32%
2007 2,720+0.20%
2012 2,705−0.11%
2019 2,426−1.54%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE (2007-2019)[4][1]

EconomyEdit

The area around Kaysersberg is one of the finest wine-growing areas in Alsace. The first vines were brought here in the 16th century from Hungary, and wine production is still an important aspect of the town's economy today. Wine produced from the pinot gris variety is a local specialty.

CultureEdit

Kaysersberg is a historic town, that has preserved many architectural monuments. These include:

TourismEdit

Besides the fact that Alsace wine is produced locally, there is the ruin of Kaysersberg Castle. The ruins of Château de Wineck in Katzenthal, Château de Lupfen-Schwendi and Château de Reichenstein in Kientzheim are within walking distance.

Notable peopleEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019, INSEE
  2. ^ Arrêté 14 July 2015 (in French)
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Kaysersberg, EHESS. (in French)
  4. ^ "Populations légales 2012: Commune de Kaysersberg (68162)". INSEE. 27 December 2014.
  5. ^ Base Mérimée: Église paroissiale Sainte-Marie puis de l'Invention-de-la-Sainte-Croix, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  6. ^ Base Mérimée: Hôtel de ville, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  7. ^ Base Mérimée: Chapelle de l'Oberhof dite Notre-Dame du Scapulaire, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  8. ^ Base Mérimée: Chapelle Saint-Michel et son ossuaire (chapelle inférieure), Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  9. ^ Base Mérimée: Château dit Schlossberg et enceinte, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)

External linksEdit