Kawazu, Shizuoka

Kawazu (河津町, Kawazu-chō) is a town located on the east coast of Izu Peninsula in Kamo District, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 August 2019, the town had an estimated population of 7,203 in 3334 households,[1] and a population density of 71 persons per km². The total area of the town is 100.79 square kilometres (38.92 sq mi). The town is noted for its Kawazu sakura, a variety of early-blooming sakura.

Kawazu

河津町
Midaka district, Kawazu Town
Midaka district, Kawazu Town
Flag of Kawazu
Flag
Official seal of Kawazu
Seal
Location of Kawazu in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Kawazu in Shizuoka Prefecture
Kawazu is located in Japan
Kawazu
Kawazu
 
Coordinates: 34°45′N 138°59′E / 34.750°N 138.983°E / 34.750; 138.983Coordinates: 34°45′N 138°59′E / 34.750°N 138.983°E / 34.750; 138.983
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu
Tōkai
PrefectureShizuoka
DistrictKamo
Area
 • Total100.79 km2 (38.92 sq mi)
Population
 (August 2019)
 • Total7,203
 • Density71/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeSakura
- FlowerJapanese iris
Phone number0558-34-1913
Address静岡県賀茂郡河津町田中212-2
413-0595
WebsiteOfficial website
Kawazu Town Hall
Kawazu sakura

GeographyEdit

Kawazu occupies a portion of the eastern coastline of Izu Peninsula, facing Sagami Bay and the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered to the west by the Amagi Mountains. The town has a temperate maritime climate characterized by hot summers and short cool winters, with the weather moderated by the effects of the warm Kuroshio current offshore. Parts of the town are within the limits of the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park. The area is noted for a large number of hot springs.

Neighbouring municipalitiesEdit

Shizuoka Prefecture

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Kawazu has been in slow decline over the past 50 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1940 9,170—    
1950 10,768+17.4%
1960 10,547−2.1%
1970 9,624−8.8%
1980 9,509−1.2%
1990 9,118−4.1%
2000 8,705−4.5%
2010 8,002−8.1%

ClimateEdit

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Kawazu is 16.3 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2134 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.3 °C, and lowest in January, at around 7.3 °C.[3]

HistoryEdit

During the Edo period, the area around Kawazu was tenryō territory controlled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate or various hatamoto. With the establishment of the modern municipalities system in 1889, the village of Kawazu was created, along with Kamikawazu and Shimokawazu, through the merger of 15 small hamlets within Kamo District. The town of Kawazu was created through the merger of the villages of Kamikazu and Shimokawazu in September 1958.

Around March 31, 2010, the city of Shimoda and three municipalities in Kamo District (Kawazu, Matsuzaki, and Minamiizu) were scheduled to merge.[4] However, the merger backed out.

EconomyEdit

The local economy is based on farming and tourism centered on hot spring resorts.

EducationEdit

Kawazu has three public elementary schools and one public junior high school operated by the town government. The town does not have a high school.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

HighwayEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kawazu Town official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ Kawazu population statistics
  3. ^ Kawazu climate data
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-28. Retrieved 2008-09-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit