Katarzyna Onyszkiewiczowa

Katarzyna Onyszkiewiczowa (1840 – March 9, 1895), known as The Female Demon (Polish: Demon Kobiecy) among other purported names, was a Polish thief and serial killer who was responsible for at least three murders in Galicia from 1869 to 1870.[1] She was convicted of these deaths in separate trials, and eventually died behind bars while serving one of her sentences.[2]

Katarzyna Onyszkiewiczowa
Born1840
DiedMarch 9, 1895(1895-03-09) (aged 54–55)
Lviv, Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria
Other names"The Female Demon"
Katarzyna Onyszkiewicz
Heńka Onyszkiewiczowa
Kasia Koczeczukowa
Ksenia Unyszkiewicz
Joanna Topolnicka
Conviction(s)Murder x3
Criminal penalty30 years imprisonment
Details
Victims3+
Span of crimes
1869–1870
CountryGalicia
Date apprehended
For the final time in 1879

Biography edit

Much of Onyszkiewiczowa's background is unknown, including her real name. The most popular theory is that she was born circa 1840 to a peasant family living in Chernivtsi (now part of Ukraine), and was raised in the Greek Catholic faith.[2] In her youth, she is said to have made a living as a seamstress. Her first conviction for theft was recorded in 1858 in Chernivtsi, for which she served 6 months in prison.[1] It was followed by another conviction in Śniatyn the next year, for which she was also given 20 hits with a rod.[2]

After her release from prison, Onyszkiewiczowa began travelling from village to village, presenting herself as a merchant or nun, and was often accepted to sleep over at people's homes.[2] She would then poison the male homeowners with a deadly concotion consisting of jimsonweed, cowbane and henbane, which not only paralyzed the victims, but also caused hallucinations, vomiting, convulsions and breathing difficulties, some of which proved fatal.[1] After killing her victims, she would steal any valuables she could and flee the village, disguising herself and assuming a new name.[2]

While her true victim count is unknown, Onyszkiewiczowa's first conviction came in 1869 in Stanisławów, for which she received a 10-year sentence at the Maria Magdalena Prison in Lviv.[2] Only months later, however, she and another female prisoner escaped. Onyszkiewiczowa was recaptured in Kraków the following year and sent back to Lviv, where she given an additional 10-year sentence for two further murders committed while she was on the run.[2]

To the authorities' shock, on the night of September 2, 1879, she escaped again, and would be recaptured yet again in Lviv in the spring of 1880.[1] Her last trial caused great media interest, with crowds of onlookers gathering in front of the courthouse and the media reporting on the case extensively.[3] For her last crimes, Onyszkiewiczowa was sentenced to an additional 10 years' imprisonment to be served concurrently with her previous sentences, and she was remanded to serve them at Lviv Prison, where she died on March 9, 1895.[2]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d "Proces Onyszkiewiczowej" [The Onyszkiewiczowa Trial]. Gazeta Narodowa (in Polish). February 28, 1880.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Adam Leszczyński (May 5, 2014). "Galicyjska trucicielka" [A Galician poisoner]. Gazeta Wyborcza (in Polish). Archived from the original on August 20, 2021.
  3. ^ "Demon Kobiecy" [The Female Demon]. Gazeta Wyborcza (in Polish). May 5, 2014. Archived from the original on August 20, 2021.

External links edit