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Kasato Maru or Kasado Maru (Japanese: 笠戸丸) was a Japanese cargo/passenger ship built by the British shipyard Wigham Richardson in 1900. Originally christened as SS Potosí, the ship was bought by the Russian Dobroflot, and renamed Kazan, being used as a hospital ship. She was sunk by the Japanese Navy during the Russo-Japanese War, salvaged and passed to the Japanese control as compensation for war.

Kasato-maru.jpg
History
Name: Kasato Maru
Owner:
Builder: Wigham Richardson & Sons Ltd., Newcastle-Upon-Tyne
Cost: £97026
Yard number: 362
Launched: 13 June 1900 (as SS Potosí)
Completed: 25 August 1900
Fate: Wrecked by air raid off the coast of Kamchatka[1]
Status: Sunken
General characteristics
Tonnage: 6003 grt
Length: 123.4 m
Beam: 15.4m
Height: 5.8 m
Installed power: 600 n.h.p.
Propulsion: 2 x 3 cyl. triple expansion engines, dual shaft, 2 screws
Speed: 14.5 knots
First page of the passenger list of the Kasato Moru trip that brought the first Japanese immigrants to Brazil. Document from the Brazilian National Archives

She was adapted to be a passenger ship and renamed as Kasato Maru and transported the soldiers who had fought in Manchuria back to Japan.

She was then used to transport Japanese immigrants to Hawaii in 1906 and to Peru and Mexico in 1907. In 1908, she brought the first official group of Japanese immigrants to Brazil.[2][3] The trip began at the port of Kobe and ended, 52 days later, at the Port of Santos on June 18, 1908. There came 165 families (781 people) who went to work in the coffee plantations of the west of São Paulo.

Some Japanese immigrants arrived at Brazil before Kasato Maru, founding an agricultural colony in the current municipality of Conceição de Macabu (then district of Macaé), in the state of Rio de Janeiro. However, it was the arrival of this first group brought by Kasato Maru that initiated a continuous flow of immigration from Japanese to Brazil. Some of the Kasato Maru's passengers continued to Argentina (see es:Café El Japonés).

After some time, Kasato Maru was transformed into a freighter ship and still returned to Brazil a second and last time, in 1917, transporting loads in the service of Osaka Sosen Kaisha (OSK) Line.

In 1942 she was requisitioned by the Imperial Japanese Navy and became part of the Japanese fleet in World War II as a support ship.

On 9 August 1945, Kasato Maru was bombed by three Soviet aircraft from 11:15. to 14:30. Kasato Maru then sank into the Bering Sea in the Soviet waters near the Kamchatka Peninsula.[1] It is currently submerged to a depth of 18 meters and in good state of conservation.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Kasado Maru". wrecksite. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  2. ^ "Columns "The Ship Kasato-maru"". www.ndl.go.jp. Retrieved 2016-12-09.
  3. ^ Baily, Samuel L.; Míguez, Eduardo José (2016-12-09). Mass Migration to Modern Latin America. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9780842028318.