Kasat Suek (Thai: กษัตริย์ศึก, pronounced [kā.sàt sɯ̀k]) refers to an intersection and its corresponding bridge on the periphery of Pom Prap Sattru Phai and Pathum Wan Districts, Bangkok. The intersection is also known by the names Bobae Intersection and Yotse Intersection.
|Khlong Maha Nak and Wat Thep Sirin, Pom Prap Sattru Phai and Rong Mueang, Pathum Wan, Bangkok, Thailand|
|Krung Kasem (north–south)|
Bamrung Mueang (east)
Rama I (west)
|Type||Four-way at-grade intersection and multi-way footbridge with overpass|
Characteristics and historyEdit
Kasat Suek Intersection is a four-way intersection between Rama I, Krung Kasem, and Bamrung Mueang Roads, considered to be the end of Bamrung Mueang and the beginning of Rama I. It takes its name from Kasat Suek Bridge, which is on Rama I Road next to the intersection.
Kasat Suek Bridge is composed of two sections, one across the railway from the nearby Bangkok railway station and the other across from Khlong Phadung Krung Kasem (Phadung Krung Kasem Canal) towards the intersection. Formerly a wooden bridge called "Yotse", (a name that remains more popular than "Kasat Suek" and is still used unofficially today for both the bridge and the general surrounding area). In 1928, during the reign of King Prajadhipok (Rama VII), the deteriorated wooden bridge was rebuilt as a reinforced concrete bridge, with the name being officially changed to Kasat Suek. The king presided over the opening ceremony on 6 April 1929. The bridge was also the first overpass in Thailand.
"Kasat Suek" translates as 'king of war' and comes from the title Somdet Chaophraya Maha Kasatsuek (สมเด็จเจ้าพระยามหากษัตริย์ศึก), which belonged to King Phutthayotfa Chulalok (Rama I), founder of the Chakri dynasty and namesake of the road the bridge is on, before he became king.  It is believed that he had passed through this area while returning from battle.
In the past, the intersection was known as the site of a movie theater named "Chaloem Khet" (เฉลิมเขตร์) after Princess Chalermkhetramongmol, Prince Bhanurangsi Savangwongse's youngest daughter. The theater was later demolished, though the name still exists with the alleys in this area being called Soi Chaloem Khet.
In 1907, Kasat Suek saw the first bus route in Bangkok (and all of Thailand), developed by Phraya Bhakdi Noraset (Nai Lert), which ran from the bridge along Rama I Road and led up to Pratunam in Pathum Wan District, a distance of about 2.9 kilometres (1.8 mi). The route was not successful, as the vehicle used was a horse-drawn carriage.
- Debsirin School
- Bobae Market
- Hua Chiew Hospital
- Hua Lamphong railway station & State Railway of Thailand (SRT)
- Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency & Ban Phibuntham
- ^ a b "สะพานใหม่"กษัตริย์ศึก"" [The new bridge "Kasat Suek"]. รำลึกวันวานของสะพานกษัตริย์ศึก (in Thai).
- ^ a b "กำเนิดสะพานข้ามทางรถไฟ" [Origin of the railway bridge]. รำลึกวันวานของสะพานกษัตริย์ศึก (in Thai).
- ^ Satarana. "สะพานลอย : สิ่งก่อสร้างที่พูดเรื่องเมืองได้หลากมิติมากกว่าแค่ความปลอดภัย" [Overpass : an infrastructure that speaks more about the urban than just safety]. A day magazine (in Thai).
- ^ dreamcometrue (2009-09-11). "โรงภาพยนตร์ในอดีต" [Cinema in the past]. Oknation (in Thai).
- ^ "BMTA History". BMTA (in Thai).