Karumai (軽米町, Karumai-machi) is a town located in Iwate Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2019, the town had an estimated population of 8,577, and a population density of 34,9 persons per km². The total area of the town is 245.82 square kilometres (94.91 sq mi).

Karumai

軽米町
Karumai Town Hall
Karumai Town Hall
Flag of Karumai
Flag
Official seal of Karumai
Seal
Location of Karumai in Iwate Prefecture
Location of Karumai in Iwate Prefecture
Karumai is located in Japan
Karumai
Karumai
 
Coordinates: 40°19′36.3″N 141°27′37.7″E / 40.326750°N 141.460472°E / 40.326750; 141.460472Coordinates: 40°19′36.3″N 141°27′37.7″E / 40.326750°N 141.460472°E / 40.326750; 141.460472
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureIwate
DistrictKunohe
Area
 • Total245.82 km2 (94.91 sq mi)
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total8,577
 • Density35/km2 (90/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
• TreeIchii
• FlowerKobushi
• BirdCopper pheasant
Phone number0195-46-2111
AddressKarumai dai-10 jiwari 85, Karumai-machi, Kunohe-gun, Iwate 028-6302
Websitehttp://www.town.karumai.iwate.jp/
Park in Karumai

GeographyEdit

Karumai is located in far northcentral Iwate Prefecture, bordered by Aomori Prefecture to the north.

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

ClimateEdit

Karumai has a humid oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters. The average annual temperature in Karumai is 9.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1209 mm with September as the wettest month and February as the driest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 22.5 °C, and lowest in January, at around -2.4 °C.[1]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Karumai has steadily declined over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 15,462
1980 13,768
1990 12,646
2000 11,863
2010 10,212

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Karumai was part of ancient Mutsu Province, dominated by the Nambu clan from the Muromachi period, and part of Hachinohe Domain under the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate. During the early Meiji period, the village of Karumai within Kita-Kunohe District was created on April 1, 1889, with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Kita-Kunohe District and Minami-Kunohe Districts merged to form Kunohe District on April 1, 1897. The village was raised to town status on January 1, 1925. The neighboring villages of Kogarumai and Hareyama were merged with Karumai on January 1, 1955.

EconomyEdit

The economy of Karumai is based on agriculture, particularly the various grains, livestock raising, and the production of charcoal. The hardy kiwi is a noted local speciality [3]

EducationEdit

Karumai has three public elementary schools and one public middle school operated by the town government, and one public high school operated by the Iwate Prefectural Board of Education.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

  • Karumai is not served by any passenger train routes.

HighwayEdit

Noted people from KarumaiEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

  Media related to Karumai, Iwate at Wikimedia Commons