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Kārtika[a] Bengali: কার্তিক Kartik, Hindi: कार्तिक Kārtika, Odia: କାର୍ତ୍ତିକ Kārttika, Gujarati: કારતક Kārtak, Kannada: ಕಾರ್ತಿಕ , Maithili: कातिक, Marathi: कार्तिक, Nepali: कार्त्तिक, Sanskrit: कार्तिक, Telugu: కార్తీకం, Tamil: கார்த்திகை is the eighth month of the Hindu calendar, which falls in October and November of the Gregorian calendar. In India's national civil calendar, Kartika is the eighth month of the year, beginning on 23 October and ending on 21 November.
In most Hindu calendars, Kartika begins with the transit of the Sun into Libra, beginning on 18 October and lasting until 15 November. In the Nepali calendar, which is also the country's official calendar, Kartika is the seventh month of the year, similar to the Maithili and Bengali calendars. In Bengal, Kartika marks the start of the dry season (হেমন্ত Hemôntô). In the solar Tamil calendar, Kārttikai (கார்த்திகை, /kɑːrt̪iɡəj/) is the eighth month, corresponding to November/December in the Gregorian calendar. It begins when the sun enters the sign of Scorpio. Many festivals, such as Karthikai Deepam, are celebrated in this month.
Several major religious holidays take place in Kartika. These are as follows:
- Part of Diwali (amanta tradition): Balipratipada and Govardhan Puja/Annakut (Kartika 1), Bhai Dooj (Kartika 2)
- Diwali (purnimanta tradition), including Govatsa Dwadashi (Kartika 12), Dhanteras (Kartika 13), Naraka Chaturdasi (Kartika 14), Kali Puja and Lakshmi Puja (Kartika 15), Balipratipada and Govardhan Puja/Annakut (Kartika 16), Bhai Dooj (Kartika 17)
- Kartik Poornima (Kartika 15 or Kartika 30)
- Kartika Ekadashi (Kartika 11 or Kartika 26)
- Nag Nathaiya in Varanasi
The festival of Kartik Poornima (Kartika 15/30) falls in this month; it celebrated as Dev Deepavali in Varanasi. This coincides with the nirvana of the Jain Tirthankara Mahavira, the birth of the Sikh Guru Nanak, Guru Nanak Jayanti, and the well-known Ayyappan garland festival for the god of Sabarimalai, which is also known as Tripuri Purnima.
|Shukla Paksha||Krishna Paksha|
|1. Prathama||1. Prathama|
|2. Dwitiya||2. Dwitiya|
|3. Tritiya||3. Tritiya|
|4. Chaturthi||4. Chaturthi|
|5. Panchami||5. Panchami|
|6. Shashti||6. Shashti|
|7. Saptami||7. Saptami|
|8. Ashtami||8. Ashtami|
|9. Navami||9. Navami|
|10. Dashami||10. Dashami|
|11. Ekadashi||11. Ekadashi|
|12. Dwadashi||12. Dwadashi|
|13. Thrayodashi||13. Thrayodashi|
|14. Chaturdashi||14. Chaturdashi|
|15. Purnima||15. Amavasya|
The second day of Kartika's bright fortnight is also called Bhaatri Dwitiyaa (similar to Bhai Dooj). It is celebrated by sisters entertaining their brothers, following the legend of Yamuna, who entertained her brother Yama on the same day.
Nag Nathaiya in Varanasi, which falls on the fourth Tithi of Kartika's bright fortnight, is an ancient festival celebrating the god Krishna's victory of good over evil. Kashi Naresh (the titular king of Varanasi) would view the festivities from his royal boat.
- alternate spelling: Karthika or Kartik
- Hindu Calendar
- Henderson, Helene. (Ed.) (2005) Holidays, festivals, and celebrations of the world dictionary Third edition. Electronic edition. Detroit: Omnigraphics, p. xxix. ISBN 0-7808-0982-3
- Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam (ed.). India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 78.