Ashvin (month)

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Ashvin or Ashwin or Ashwan (/əˈʃwɪn/; Bengali: আশ্বিন; Hindi: आश्विन; Odia: ଆଶ୍ୱିନ; Malay/Indonesian: Aswin; Thai: Asawin), also known as Aswayuja, is the seventh month of the lunisolar Hindu calendar, the solar Tamil calendar, where it is known as Aipassi, and the solar Indian national calendar. It is the sixth month of the solar Bengali calendar and the seventh of the lunar Indian calendar of the Deccan Plateau. It falls in the season of Shôrot (Hindi Sharad), or Autumn. In Vedic Jyotish, Ashwin begins with the Sun's enter into Virgo.

Ashvin
Durga puja in Dhakeshwari temple.jpg
Celebration of Durga Puja is a highlight of the month of Asvin in the Bengal region
Native nameअश्विन् (Sanskrit)
Calendars
Month number
  • 7 (Hindu calendar)
  • 6 (Bengali calendar)
SeasonAutumn
Gregorian equivalentSeptember–October
Significant days
← Bhadra (Hindu)
Bhadro (Bengali)
Kartika (Hindu)
Kartik (Bengali) →

It overlaps with September and October[1] of the Gregorian calendar and is the month in which Diwali, the festival of lights, is celebrated according to the amanta tradition (Diwali falls in Kartika according to the purnimanta tradition). In lunar religious calendars, Ashwin begins on the new moon or the full moon around the time of the September equinox.

EtymologyEdit

Ashvini is the first star that appears in the evening sky. In Indian astrology, it is the head of Aries, or the first of the 27 Nakshatra. Ashvin also stands for the divine twins, the Ashvins, the gods of vision, Ayurvedic medicine, the glow of sunrise and sunset, and the aversion of misfortune and sickness in Hindu mythology. Asawin is the Thai variant of Ashvin and stands for the warrior. The term is often translated into English as "knight". The Ashvins are described as representing the "blending of light and darkness" during the twilight period.[2]

FestivalsEdit

Several major Hindu holidays take place in Ashvin. Those are as follows:

  1. Navaratri (1-9 lunar Ashvin)
  2. Durga Puja (6-10 lunar Ashvin)
  3. Saraswati Puja in South India (8-10 lunar Ashvin)
  4. Vijayadashami or Dussehra (10 lunar Ashvin), the last day of Navaratri
  5. Kojagiri Poornima (15 lunar Ashvin)
  6. Diwali festival (amanta tradition), including Dhanteras (28 lunar Ashvin), Naraka Chaturdasi (29 lunar Ashvin) and Lakshmi Puja (30 lunar Ashvin)
  7. Kali Puja (new moon of lunar Ashvin), which is held as per the lunar calendar, usually falls in this month.

Regional variationEdit

According to the latest revised calendar of Bangladesh, Ashwin now consists of 31 days instead of 30 days. This revision went into effect on 16 October 2019.

Ashwin is known as aipasi (ஐப்பசி) in Tamil and begins when the sun enters Libra in October.

It's also called kunwaar (कुॅंवार) month in eastern Uttar Pradesh & western Bihar state.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Henderson, Helene. (Ed.) (2005) Holidays, festivals, and celebrations of the world dictionary Third edition. Electronic edition. Detroit: Omnigraphics, p. xxix. ISBN 0-7808-0982-3
  2. ^ Jah, J.C (1976). The Hindu Festival of Divali in the Caribbean. Mona, Jamaica: Routledge. p. 53.