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Ashvin or Ashwin or Ashwan (//; Bengali: আশ্বিন; Hindi: आश्विन; Odia: ଆଶ୍ୱିନ; Malay/Indonesian: Aswin; Thai: Asawin), also known as Aswayuja, is the seventh month of the lunisolar Hindu calendar, the solar Tamil calendar, where it is known as Aipassi, and the solar Indian national calendar. It is the sixth month of the solar Bengali calendar and the seventh of the lunar Indian calendar of the Deccan Plateau. It falls in the season of Shôrot (Hindi Sharad), or Autumn. In Vedic Jyotish, Ashwin begins with the Sun's enter into Virgo.
|Native name||अश्विन् (Sanskrit)|
It overlaps with September and October of the Gregorian calendar and is the month in which Diwali, the festival of lights, is celebrated according to the amanta tradition (Diwali falls in Kartika according to the purnimanta tradition). In lunar religious calendars, Ashwin begins on the new moon or the full moon around the time of the September equinox.
Ashvini is the first star that appears in the evening sky. In Indian astrology, it is the head of Aries, or the first of the 27 Nakshatra. Ashvin also stands for the divine twins, the Ashvins, the gods of vision, Ayurvedic medicine, the glow of sunrise and sunset, and the aversion of misfortune and sickness in Hindu mythology. Asawin is the Thai variant of Ashvin and stands for the warrior. The term is often translated into English as "knight". The Ashvins are described as representing the "blending of light and darkness" during the twilight period.
Several major Hindu holidays take place in Ashvin. Those are as follows:
- Navaratri (1-9 lunar Ashvin)
- Durga Puja (6-10 lunar Ashvin)
- Saraswati Puja in South India (8-10 lunar Ashvin)
- Vijayadashami or Dussehra (10 lunar Ashvin), the last day of Navaratri
- Kojagiri Poornima (15 lunar Ashvin)
- Diwali festival (amanta tradition), including Dhanteras (28 lunar Ashvin), Naraka Chaturdasi (29 lunar Ashvin) and Lakshmi Puja (30 lunar Ashvin)
- Kali Puja (new moon of lunar Ashvin), which is held as per the lunar calendar, usually falls in this month.