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Karlshorst (/kɑːrlshɔːrst/, German: [karlshɔst] (About this soundlisten); locally pronounced [ka:ltshɔst]; literally meaning Karl's nest) is a locality in the borough of Lichtenberg in Berlin. Located there are a harness racing track and the Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin (HTW), the largest University of Applied Sciences in Berlin, and the German-Russian Museum Berlin-Karlshorst.

Karlshorst
Quarter of Berlin
Treskowallee
Treskowallee
Location of Karlshorst in Lichtenberg district and Berlin
Berlin Lichtenberg Karlshorst.png
Karlshorst is located in Germany
Karlshorst
Karlshorst
Karlshorst is located in Berlin
Karlshorst
Karlshorst
Coordinates: 52°31′16″N 13°28′48″E / 52.52111°N 13.48000°E / 52.52111; 13.48000Coordinates: 52°31′16″N 13°28′48″E / 52.52111°N 13.48000°E / 52.52111; 13.48000
CountryGermany
StateBerlin
CityBerlin
BoroughLichtenberg
Founded1895
Area
 • Total6.6 km2 (2.5 sq mi)
Elevation
52 m (171 ft)
Population
 (2008-12-31)
 • Total21,057
 • Density3,200/km2 (8,300/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
(nr. 1102) 10318
Vehicle registrationB

HistoryEdit

 
German-Russian Museum

Established in 1895 as the Carlshorst mansion's colony, Karlshorst from 1901 had access to the railway line from Berlin to Breslau (today Wrocław, Poland) and developed to a quite affluent residential area, sometimes referred to as "Dahlem of the East". The locality encompasses the Waldsiedlung, a garden city laid out between 1919 and 1921 according to plans by Peter Behrens.

In April 1945, as the Red Army approached the Reich's capital, Marshal Georgy Zhukov, commander of the 1st Belorussian Front, established his headquarters at a former Wehrmacht officer's mess hall in Karlshorst, where on May 8, the unconditional surrender of the German forces was presented to Zhukov by Colonel-General Hans-Jürgen Stumpff as the representative of the Luftwaffe, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel as Chief of Staff of OKW, and Admiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg as Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine.

From 1945 to 1949 the building complex served as the headquarters of the Soviet Military Administration in Germany. After the establishment of the German Democratic Republic it hosted the 6th Independent Motorized Rifle Brigade, the Soviets' "Berlin Brigade," until the last Russian soldiers left Karlshorst in 1994. The former headquarters has been made the home of the German-Russian Museum Berlin-Karlshorst (Deutsch-Russisches Museum Berlin-Karlshorst) [1], formerly called the Capitulation Museum.

 
Original table and chairs as set up for the second signing of the Unconditional Surrender of the Germans

TransportationEdit

Karlshorst has access to the Berlin S-Bahn network at Berlin-Karlshorst railway station, which is also served by RegionalExpress trains of the Deutsche Bahn.

Notable peopleEdit

Born in KarlshorstEdit

Dwelt in KarlshorstEdit

 
Hedwig Courths-Mahler around 1900
  • Max Beer, (1864-1943), historian, Gundelfinger Straße 47
  • Hans Bellmer, (1902-1975), photographer, Ehrenfelsstraße 8
  • Hans (1916-1942) and Hilde Coppi, (1909-1943), resistance fighters, Römerweg
  • Hedwig Courths-Mahler, (1867-1950), writer, Dönhoffstraße 11 from 1905 to 1914
  • Erich Ollenhauer, (1901-1963), politician, dwelt in Karlshorst, Trautenauer Straße 6
  • August Stramm, (1874-1915), poet, Lehndorffstraße 16
  • Ernst Torgler, (1903-1963), politician (Communist Party of Germany), Liepnitzstraße 46
  • Max Wertheimer, (1880-1943), psychologist, Ehrlichstraße 31

The engineer Georg Knorr (1859-1911), is buried at the Karlshorst cemetery.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit