Kannonkoski is a municipality of Finland.

Kannonkoski
Municipality
Kannonkosken kunta
Kannonkoski kommun
Kannonkoski Leppäkyläntie 20190619.jpg
Coat of arms of Kannonkoski
Location of Kannonkoski in Finland
Location of Kannonkoski in Finland
Coordinates: 62°58.5′N 025°16′E / 62.9750°N 25.267°E / 62.9750; 25.267Coordinates: 62°58.5′N 025°16′E / 62.9750°N 25.267°E / 62.9750; 25.267
Country Finland
RegionCentral Finland
Sub-regionSaarijärvi–Viitasaari sub-region
Charter1934
Government
 • Municipal managerMaarit Autio
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total549.88 km2 (212.31 sq mi)
 • Land444.75 km2 (171.72 sq mi)
 • Water104.87 km2 (40.49 sq mi)
 • Rank196th largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total1,311
 • Rank284th largest in Finland
 • Density2.95/km2 (7.6/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish99.1% (official)
 • Swedish0.1%
 • Others0.7%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1412%
 • 15 to 6450.9%
 • 65 or older37.1%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]21.5%
Websitewww.kannonkoski.fi

It is located in the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 1,311 (31 December 2021)[2] and covers an area of 549.88 square kilometres (212.31 sq mi) of which 104.87 km2 (40.49 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 2.95 inhabitants per square kilometre (7.6/sq mi). Neighbouring municipalities are Karstula, Kivijärvi, Saarijärvi, Viitasaari and Äänekoski.

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

HistoryEdit

Kannonkoski as a settlement name is very new, originally only referring to the rapids which connect the lake Kannonjärvi to the lake Kivijärvi. The toponym kannonn Maa [sic] was mentioned in 1552, referring to hunting grounds of the people of Sysmä in this area. The people of Pälkäne also had hunting grounds around the rapids and the name Kannonkoski may be derived from Kantokylä, a village in Pälkäne. By 1558 the area had got permanent Savonian settlers, who established the village of Kantojärvi (transcribed as Kandoijerffuij). Rautalampi, including this area, became a separate parish in 1561.

Viitasaari was separated from Rautalampi in 1635. At the time, it included all of the villages that would later become parts of the municipality of Kannonkoski. Kivijärvi was split off from Viitasaari in 1904.

In 1919 it was decided that the area should get its own parish, which happened in 1931. The parish was formed from parts of Viitasaari and Kivijärvi. The area became a municipality in 1934. The church and administrative center were placed in the village of Pudasjärvi, however because a municipality called Pudasjärvi already existed, the new municipality was named Kannonkoski after the nearby rapids.[6]

Orthodox monksEdit

During the Winter War, 117 monks from the Valamo monastery in the lake Ladoga were evacuated. They arrived in Kannonkoski in 1939, bringing various icons and relics with them. The monks lived in the Piispala school, which at the time was closed due to the ongoing war.

The monks left Kannonkoski in the autumn of 1940 after they had purchased an old manor in Heinävesi, where the New Valamo monastery was soon established. 27 monks died during the evacuation and were buried in the graveyard of the Lutheran Kannonkoski church.[7]

NatureEdit

There are all together 81 lakes in Kannonkoski. Biggest lakes are Kivijärvi, Vuosjärvi and Kannonselkä.[8]

Notable peopleEdit

GalleryEdit

TwinningsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M12*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ "SuomalainenPaikannimikirja_e-kirja_kuvallinen.pdf" (PDF). kaino.kotus.fi (in Finnish). p. 134. Retrieved August 20, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "Munkkien evakkomatka" (PDF). kannonkoski.fi (in Finnish). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 1, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2022.
  8. ^ "Kannonkoski". Järviwiki. Finland's Environmental Administration. 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2012.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Kannonkoski at Wikimedia Commons