Open main menu
A Kanban board

A Kanban board is one of the tools that can be used to implement Kanban to manage work at the personal or organizational level.

Kanban boards show how work moves from left to right, with each column representing a stage of the overall process, or to be more precise the system that is visualized by the board. The team pulls cards from one column to another to the right to show progress, and to coordinate their efforts with others.

Kanban boards can be used in knowledge work or for manufacturing process.[1]

At its simplest, boards are usually divided into "waiting", "work in progress" and "completed work". Complex Kanban boards can be created that visualise the flow of work across a whole value stream map.[2]



A Kanban board in software development

Kanban can be used to organize many areas of an organization[3] and can be designed accordingly. The simplest kanban board consists of three columns: "to-do", "in progress" and "done",[4] while some additional detail such as WiP limits are needed to fully support the Kanban Method.[5] Business functions that use kanban boards include:

  • Kanban board for software development team. A popular example of a Kanban board for agile or lean software development consists of: Backlog, Ready, Coding, Testing, Approval, and Done columns. It is also a common practice to name columns in a different way, for example: Next, In Development, Done, Customer Acceptance, Live.[6]
  • Kanban for marketing teams[7]
  • Kanban for HR teams[8]
  • Organisational strategy and executive leadership teams[9]
  • Personal task management or "Personal Kanban"[10] as described and promoted by Jim Benson.[11]
  • Audit teams[12]

Notable toolsEdit

  • Asana, with boards[13]
  • CA Technologies Rally, provides teams with the option of managing pull-based, lean software development projects[14]
  • Jira (software), provides kanban boards
  • Projektron BCS, project management tool, provides kanban boards for tickets and tasks[15]
  • Trello, cards-based project management
  • Tuleap, agile open source tool for development teams: customize board columns, set WIP (Work In Progress), connect board with Issue Trackers, Git, Documents [16]
  • Twproject (formerly Teamwork), project and groupware management tool

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ J. M. Gross, Kenneth R. McInnis: Kanban Made Simple—Demystifying and Applying Toyota's Legendary Manufacturing Process. Amacom, USA 2003, p. 50. ISBN 0-8144-0763-3
  2. ^ "On Setting Your Initial WIP Limits". The Agile Director. 2014-12-07. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
  3. ^ Leybourn, E. (2013). Directing the Agile Organisation: A Lean Approach to Business Management. London: IT Governance Publishing: 160–166.
  4. ^ H. Kniberg, M. Skarin: Kanban and Scrum making the most of both. C4Media, Publisher of, USA 2010, p. 31.
  5. ^ Anderson, David J.; Carmichael, Andy (2016). Essential Kanban Condensed. Seattle, WA: Lean Kanban University Press. ISBN 978-0-9845214-2-5.
  6. ^ codeweavers. "Agile Design: Kanban with our Web Designers - Design, Process Updates | Codeweavers Blog | Staffordshire Software Development House". Retrieved 2012-08-17.
  7. ^ J. Dager: Why you should use Kanban in Marketing?,
  8. ^ "Kanban for Short Intense Projects: How We Used Kanban to Visualize Our Hiring Process Workflow and Make Our Lives Easier". Personal Kanban. 2011-01-19. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
  9. ^ "New Zealand Post Group – An Agile Executive!". Agile Business Management Consortium. 2013-12-02. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
  10. ^ Benson, Jim, and Tonianne DeMaria Barry. Personal Kanban: Mapping Work, Navigating Life. Modus Cooperandi Press, 2011.
  11. ^ Willeke, Marian HH. "Agile in Academics: Applying Agile to Instructional Design." Agile Conference (AGILE), 2011. IEEE, 2011.
  12. ^ "Agile and Internal Audit!". Agile Business Management Consortium. 2014-07-16. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
  13. ^ "Asana Kanban boards". Asana. 2017-05-01.
  14. ^ "Kanban Board". CA Technologies. 2017-11-13.
  15. ^ "Projektron BCS Kanban boards". Projektron GmbH. 2017-07-01.
  16. ^ "Tuleap Agile tools • Open Source Scrum planning, Kanban boards, project reporting".