The Kaisar-i-Hind Medal for Public Service in India was a medal awarded by the British monarch between 1900 and 1947, to "any person without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex ... who shall have distinguished himself (or herself) by important and useful service in the advancement of the public interest in India."
Representations of the Gold, Silver and Bronze Medals. George V, second type
|Awarded by Emperor of India|
|Eligibility||civilians of any nationality|
|Awarded for||distinguished service in the advancement of the interests of the British Raj|
|Campaign(s)||dormant since 1947|
|Established||10 April 1900|
|Next (higher)||Order of British India|
|Next (lower)||Order of St John|
Ribbon of Kaisar-i-Hind Medal
The name literally means "Emperor of India" in the vernacular of the Hindi and Urdu languages. The word kaisar, meaning "emperor" is a derivative of the Roman imperial title Caesar (via Persian, Turkish – see Kaiser-i-Rum – and the Greek Καίσαρ), and is cognate with the German title Kaiser, which was borrowed from the Latin at an earlier date.
Empress of India or Kaisar-i-Hind, a form coined by the orientalist G.W. Leitner in a deliberate attempt to dissociate British imperial rule from that of preceding dynasties was taken by Queen Victoria from 1 May 1876, and proclaimed at the Delhi Durbar of 1877.
The medal was instituted by Queen Victoria on 10 April 1900. The name translates as "Emperor of India" (a name also used for a rare Indian butterfly, Teinopalpus imperialis). The Royal Warrant for the Kaisar-i-Hind was amended in 1901, 1912, 1933 and 1939. While never officially rescinded, the Kaisar-i-Hind ceased to be awarded following the passage of the Indian Independence Act 1947. The awards of the gold medal were often published in the London Gazette, while other classes were published in the Gazette of India.
Medal grades and designEdit
The medal had three grades. The Kaisar-i-Hind Gold Medal for Public Service in India was awarded directly by the monarch on the recommendation of the Secretary of State for India. Silver and Bronze medals were awarded by the Viceroy.
The medal consisted of an oval-shaped badge or decoration in gold, silver or bronze with the Royal Cipher and Monarchy on one side, and the words "Kaisar-i-Hind for Public Service in India" on the other. It was to be worn suspended from the left breast by a dark blue ribbon. The medal has no post-nominal initials.
Its most famous recipient is Mohandas Gandhi, who was awarded the Kaisar-i-Hind in 1915 by The Lord Hardinge of Penshurst for his contribution to ambulance services in South Africa. Gandhi returned the medal in 1920 as part of the national campaign protesting the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and in support of the Khilafat Movement.
- Parukutty Nethyar Amma, awarded the Kaiser-i-Hind medal by King George V in 1919 for public work and came to be known as Lady Rama Varma of Cochin
- Gajadhar Upadhaya,Esq., Chief Regimental Religious Teacher, 1st (K.G.V.s Own) G.R. [Gurkha Rifles]
- Sardar Khan Bahadur Mir Abdul Ali, JP, Bombay, 9 November 1901
- S.Wadawa Singh Sohi for his services in world war 1
- Shankar Madhav Chitnavis, Esq., Deputy-Commissioner, Central Provinces, 9 November 1901
- Khan Bahadur Dhanjibhai Fakirji Commodore, CIE, 9 November 1901
- Major Herbert Edward Deane, R.A.M.C., 9 Nov 1901
- Major Thomas Edward Dyson, MB, CM, Indian Medical Service, 9 November 1901
- William Egerton
- Mrs. E. J. Firth, of Madras, 9 November 1901
- Sir George Casson-Walker K.C.S.I., 1910, for services in connection with the Hyderabad floods.
- N. S. Glazebrrok, Esq., JP, of Bombay, 9 November 1901
- Sydney Hutton Cooper Hutchinson, Esq., AMICE, Superintendent of Telegraphs, 9 November 1901
- Colonel Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob, KCIE, Indian Staff Corps, 9 November 1901
- Rai Bahadur Amar Nath Khanna of Lahore, awarded gold medal for his philanthropic work
- Harrington Verney Lovett, Esq., Indian Civil Service, 9 November 1901
- Herbert Frederick Mayes, Esq., Barrister-at-Law, Indian Civil Service, 9 Nov 1901
- Lieutenant-Colonel James McCloghry, FRCS, Indian Medical Service, 9 November 1901
- Miss Eleanor McDougall, awarded Medal of the First Class in June 1923 for her work as Principal of the Women's Christian College, Madras
- Reverend Charles Henry Monahan, awarded Medal of the First Class in February 1937 for his work as General Superintendent, Methodist Missionary Society, Madras
- Mrs. Olive Monahan (wife of Reverend Charles Henry Monahan), awarded Medal of the First Class in June 1920 and awarded a bar to the medal in January 1941 for her work as Chief Medical Officer at the Kalyani Hospital, Madras
- William Florey Noyce, Esq., Extra-Assistant Commissioner and Assistant Secretary to the Financial Commissioner, Burma, 9 November 1901
- Dr. Thomas Joseph O′Donnell, VD, FRCSI, Chief Medical Officer, Kolar Gold Fields, Mysore, 12 December 1911
- Dr. John David O′Donnell, MBE, VD, FRCSEd, Chief Medical and Sanitary Officer, Kolar Gold Fields, Mysore, July 1926
- Walter Samuel Sharpe, Director of Telegraphs, Bombay, 1 Jan 1916
- Rai Bahadur KameleshwariPershad Singh of Monghyr, Bengal
- Robert Barton Stewart, Esq., Indian Civil Service, 9 November 1901
- Dr. William Stokes
- Captain Edmund Wilkinson, FRCS, Indian Medical Service, 9 November 1901
- Dr. R. N. Chopra, Public Services, Abbottabad, now in Pakistan
- The Rt Hon. Alice Isaacs, Marchioness of Reading
- Sreemathi Panapilla Kartiyani Pilla Bhagavathi Pilla Kochamma, Vadasseri Ammaveedu, daughter of His Highness the Maharaja of Travancore, Madras
- The Right Reverend Bishop Francis Stephen Coppel, Nagpur, Central Provinces
- The Reverend Arthur Herbert Bestall, General Superintendent of Wesleyan Missions in Burma
- Dr. M. E. Ry. Pazhamarneri Sundaram Ayyar Chandra Sekhara, Ayyar Avargal, Director of the Tuberculosis Institute and Hospital, Madras
- Mrs. Cowasji Jehangir, Bombay
- Rai Bahadur, Upendranath Brahmachari, Additional Physician, Out-Patient Department, Medical College Hospital, Bengal
- Edwin Sheard, Esq., Adjutant, Salvation Army, United Provinces
- Rai Bahadur Lala Mathra Das, Assistant Surgeon in the Punjab
- Pir Puran Nath Mahant, Mahant of Bohar in the Rohtak district, Punjab
- Sir Francis William Maclean
- Richard Burn, for famine services in 1907–08
- Roderick Henry Turing Mackenzie, Esq. AMICE, Chief Engineer Buildings and Roads, Bikaner State, for drought relief services, 1940
- Thomas d′Esterre Roberts, S.J., Archbishop of Bombay, for services to the forces during World War II
- Laxmidas Pitambardas Adodra, awarded for public service and large-scale but anonymous philanthropic contributions towards animal welfare as well as public healthcare including significant help for controlling cholera outbreak in Porbandar, Gujarat
- Dr. Lilian Arratoon, surgeon, New Year's Honours list 1945
- Khan Bahadur Sher Jang, 1916
- Dr. Eulius Sheldon Downs, 1945
- Dorothy L. Ferris, MD for her healing services at Frances Newton Hospital, Ferozepore
- Alice Headwards-Hunter, surgeon, 1945
- Ram Lal Khanna 1947, Post & Telegraph, Lahore
- Dr. Mina MacKenzie, MD for over 30 years of public service in India, including helping control the cholera epidemic during the 1906 Kumbh Mela pilgrimage
- Gidugu Venkata Ramamurthy Pantulu, 1933 for his Services in Anthropology and Telugu Colloquial language
- Dr Laxmi Shankar, awarded for his work during WWII as an Army Medical Corps doctor
- Helen Vorley, for her part in facilitating the evacuation of 300,000 Indians from Burma in 1942
- Clara (Mrs. Aeneas Francon Williams) 1946, for her work during WWII being in-charge of Red Cross Work in Dooars, Bengal.
- Elizabeth Adelaide Manning, 1904
- Maharaja Rameshwar Singh Bahadur of Darbhanga
- Mary Barrington-Smith, engaged in counter-propaganda at G.H.Q. in India and awarded for her work as Diversional Therapy Officer during WW2.
- Frederick Booth-Tucker, Commissioner in the Salvation Army
- General Sir Charles John Burnett
- Kizhakkethara Chandu (1921), Station Master of Tirur, station unscathed during Mappila rebellion, Kerala
- Isabel Kerr (1923), medical missionary working with leprosy
- Major General Thomas Arthur Cooke
- The Lady Curzon of Kedleston
- Reverend Barnardo Nansen Eade, New Zealand-born Baptist missionary, for relief work in the Bengal famine of 1943, awarded 1945
- Rachel Emanuel (according to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission record of the death of her son, Flt Lt William Vernon Emanuel, RAFVR)
- HH Sayajirao Gaekwad III, Maharaja of Baroda
- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (returned 1920)
- Dr. Tongul Kuki Gangte, awarded on 14 June 1945 for his work during WW2 as a Red Cross doctor
- Major General Sir William Forbes Gatacre, chairman of the plague committee of Bombay City 1896 and 1897
- HH Bhagvatsingh, Maharaja of Gondal
- Very Rev. John A. Graham, D.D.
- Dr N K Guha, Dacca, Bangladesh (formerly East Bengal) in recognition of his philanthropic and humanitarian work during the 1940s
- Thomas Holderness
- HH Tukojirao Holkar II, Maharaja of Indore
- Kulsoom Shahid Husain, Member of Legislative Assembly; great aunt of Dr. Ali M. MIr
- HH Sultan Shah Jahan, Begum of Bhopal
- Dr. Krishnabai Krishnajee Kelavkar of Kolhapur in 1908 for public service
- Khan Bahadur Raja Jahandad Khan
- Seth Jehangir Hormusji Kothari, Parsii merchant and philanthropist of Karachi
- HH Khengarji III, Maharao of Kutch
- Reverend Alan Gordon MacLeod, Presbyterian missionary, for relief work in the Bengal famine of 1943
- Gertrude Edith Mary Middleton-Stewart, awarded 6 May 1935
- Dr. Margaret O'Hara, awarded in 1932 for her long and valued service to India
- Dr. Thomas Franklin Pedley, doctor in Rangoon
- Rai Bahadur Sri Ram
- Pandita Ramabai
- V. P. Madhava Rao
- HH Madho Rao Scindia, Maharaja Scindia of Gwalior
- HH Rajagopala Krishna Yachendra, Maharaja of Venkatagiri.
- Edward Sell, missionary and Islamic scholar
- Lieutenant-Colonel Sir David Semple
- Reverend Ernest Bell Sharpe, for his work as a missionary and superintendent of the Purulia Leper Asylum; awarded the First Class Medal in 1929 for services to India
- HH Ganga Singh, Maharaja of Bikaner
- HH Pratap Singh, Maharaja of Idar
- HH Partab Singh, Maharaja of Kashmir
- HH Ram Singh, Maharaja of Bharatpur
- HH Nihal Singh, Rana of Dholpur
- Donald Mackenzie Smeaton
- Dr. Howard Somervell, OBE
- Sir Robert Stanes
- Sister R. S. Subbalakshmi, educationist and social worker, Madras, for the educating and upliftment of child widows, in 1920
- Major M. Subramanyam, Health Officer Solapur, awarded in 1938
- Reverend William Summers Sutherland, K.I.H., M.A., D.D., missionary in India
- Taw Sein Ko
- HH Ayilyam Thirunal, Maharaja of Travancore
- HH Visakham Thirunal, Maharaja of Travancore
- Reverend Dr Frederick Vincent Thomas, Baptist Medical Mission, Palwal
- Edgar Thurston
- Raja Ravi Verma
- Sir Vicar-ul-Umra
- Dr. L. N. Virasinghe-Chinnappa, awarded twice, medal in 1937 and bar to the medal in 1941, pioneered maternity and child health on the Indian sub-continent
- Bharat Ratna Sir Mokshagundam Visveswaraiah, KCIE, Indian engineer, scholar, statesman and the Diwan of Mysore
- Sir William James Wanless
- Dr. Constance Whittaker, received the medal for public service during WW2
- Charlotte Melina Viall Wiser, co-author of Behind Mud Walls, nutritionist, and Presbyterian missionary
- Reverend Carl Wyder, Superintendent, Kothara Leper Asylum, Ellichpur taluq, Amraoti district (27 February 1941)
- Arthur Delaval Younghusband
- Lieutenant Colonel Sir Francis Edward Younghusband
- Reverend John Henry Schultz, Superintendent of Chandkhuri Leprosy Hospital & Home Baitalpur, Madhya Pradesh State
- Dr. R. N. Chopra, Public Services, Abbottabad, now in Pakistan
- Margaret Ida Balfour
- Mona Chandravati Gupta
- Silverine Swer, Khasi environmental and social activist
- Clemons Defries Potter, Public Services, Madras
- Alexander Steel, for services to cotton growing
- "No. 27191". The London Gazette. 11 May 1900. p. 2996.
- Urdu kaisar – see Witzel, Michael (2001). "Autochthonous Aryans? The Evidence from Old Indian and Iranian Texts" (PDF). Electric Journal of Vedic Studies: 35. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
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- "No. 27191". The London Gazette. 11 May 1900. p. 2997.
- "Imperial medals". Australian Government, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. 27 June 2016. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
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- "Mohandas K. Gandhi: Beginning in South Africa". Gandhi Book Centre. 2008. Archived from the original on 2 March 2008. Retrieved 5 March 2008.
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- Archives, The National. "The Discovery Service". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk.
- Leigh, Michael D. 2014 The evacuation of civilians from Burma : analysing the 1942 colonial disaster
- The Indian Medical Gazette, December 1945, page 630 – Kaisar-i-Hind Medal Bronze Medal (recipients) Mrs. Francon Williams, In-charge of Red Cross Work in Dooars, Bengal (retrieved 8 October 2017):https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5218119/pdf/indmedgaz72704-0037.pdf
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