Kafr El Sheikh Governorate

Kafr El Sheikh Governorate (Arabic: محافظة كفر الشيخ) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It lies in the northern part of the country, along the western branch of the Nile in the Nile Delta. Its capital is the city of Kafr El Sheikh.

Kafr El Sheikh Governorate
Flag of Kafr El Sheikh Governorate
Official logo of Kafr El Sheikh Governorate
Kafr El Sheikh Governorate subdivisions
Kafr El Sheikh Governorate subdivisions
Kafr El Sheikh Governorate on the map of Egypt
Kafr El Sheikh Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 31°18′N 30°56′E / 31.3°N 30.93°E / 31.3; 30.93
Country Egypt
SeatKafr El Sheikh (capital)
 • GovernorGamel Nour-El-Zacki [1]
 • Total3,437 km2 (1,327 sq mi)
 (January 2023)[2]
 • Total3,695,336
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2021)0.735[3]
high · 11th

Kafr El Sheikh is the first nationwide in the cultivation of long-staple cotton for export.

Overview edit

Kafr El Sheikh Governorate, which was once part of the Gharbia Governorate, was created in 1949. It was originally named Fuadiyah in honor of King Fuad I of Egypt. After the 1952 Revolution and the subsequent abolition of the monarchy, the governorate took the name of its capital city Kafr El Sheikh. This name, adopted in 1955, means "the village of the chief".[4]

The area occupied today by the Kafr El Sheikh Governorate encompasses the ancient region of Bashmur and has been inhabited since ancient times and so it has a noteworthy number of archaeological sites, at Tell Metoubes, Fuwwah, Desouk, Tell Qabrit, and other settlements around Lake Burrulus. The capital of Lower Egypt, called "Buto", is located at present-day Tell El Faraain (the Hill of the Pharaohs), near Desouk.[5]

Municipal divisions edit

The governorate is divided into municipal divisions, with a total estimated population as of January 2023 of 3,695,336. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.[2]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(January 2023 Est.)
Burullus مركز البرلس Al-Burulus 259,358 Markaz
El Hamool مركز الحامول Al-Ḥāmūl 317,687 Markaz
El Reyad مركز الرياض Ar-Riyād 204,100 Markaz
Bila قسم بيلا Bilā 90,380 Kism (fully urban)
Bila مركز بيلا Bilā 236,766 Markaz
Desouk قسم دسوق Disūq 151,492 Kism (fully urban)
Desouk مركز دسوق Disūq 449,453 Markaz
Fuwa مركز فوه Fuwah 197,682 Markaz
Kafr el Sheikh مركز كفر الشيخ Kafr ash-Shaykh 489,054 Markaz
Kafr el Sheikh 1 قسم أول كفر الشيخ Kafr ash-Shaykh 1 157,222 Kism (fully urban)
Kafr el Sheikh 2 قسم ثان كفر الشيخ Kafr ash-Shaykh 2 40,212 Kism (fully urban)
Metoubes مركز مطوبس Muṭūbis 331,460 Markaz
Qallin مركز قلين Qallīn 290,876 Markaz
Sidi Salem مركز سيدى سالم Sīdī Sālim 479,594 Markaz

Population edit

According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 23.1%. Out of an estimated 3,172,753 people residing in the governorate, 2,441,246 people lived in rural areas as opposed to only 731,507 in urban areas.[6]

Cities and towns edit

Lake Burullus is located in the north of the Kafr El Sheikh governorate. The following are in Kafr El Sheikh:

Industrial zones edit

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[7]

  • Balteem
  • Metobas
  • Industrial Zone in "mlaha of Moneisi"

Projects and programs edit

In 2016, Switzerland committed to funding a solid waste management program in Kafr El Sheikh, a project with the Egyptian Ministry of Environment that will conclude in 2021. The National Solid Waste Management Programme (NSWMP) involves the construction of infrastructure for new as well as the expansion and improvement of existing waste treatment, landfill, and recycling facilities.[8]

Economy edit

Industries include cotton-processing factories, rice and fishing. Kafr Elsheikh is also home to one of the biggest sugar factories in the region.

Education edit

Kafr El Sheikh University comprises faculties for medicine , commerce, engineering, agriculture, veterinary medicine, arts, physical education, science, education, special education, dentistry, physical therapy, alsun and pharmacy.

Notable persons edit

References edit

  1. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  2. ^ a b (PDF) https://www.capmas.gov.eg/Admin/Pages%20Files/202331512347%D8%B9%D8%AF%D8%AF%20%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%83%D8%A7%D9%86%20%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89%20%D9%85%D8%B3%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%89%20%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%83%D8%B2%20%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%82%D8%B3%D8%A7%D9%85%20%D9%81%D9%89%201%D9%80%201%D9%80%202023.pdf. Retrieved 1 April 2023. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Table - Global Data Lab". globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2023-02-20.
  4. ^ Room, Adrian (2006). Placenames of the World: Origins and Meanings of the Names for 6,600 Countries, Cities, Territories, Natural Features, and Historic Sites (2nd ed.). Jefferson, NC: McFarland. p. 185. ISBN 978-0-7864-2248-7. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
  5. ^ Wilson, Penelope Grigoropoulos, Dimitris (2009). West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces. Excavation memoir. London : Egypt Exploration Society. ISBN 9780856981944. OCLC 690191661.
  6. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  7. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  8. ^ "Switzerland funds programme to improve solid waste management in 4 Egyptian governorates". Daily News Egypt. 5 October 2016.

External links edit