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KTM Komuter is a commuter rail system in Malaysia operated by Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM). It was introduced in 1995 to provide local rail services in Kuala Lumpur and the surrounding Klang Valley suburban areas. Northern sector services were introduced in Greater Penang in September 2015 after electrification to Padang Besar was completed.[2][3] In October 2015, the southern sector service was introduced between Seremban and Gemas after electrification to Gemas was completed, but was later pulled back from Gemas to Pulau Sebang/Tampin.

KTM Komuter
KTM Komuter logo.png
KTMB Class 92 SCS 14 KL Sentral Junction.jpg
Class 92 SCS 14 at KL Sentral Junction
Overview
TypeCommuter rail
LocaleCentral Sector
(Batu Caves-Kuala Lumpur-Port Klang;
(Tanjung Malim-Rawang-Kuala Lumpur-Seremban-Pulau Sebang/Tampin)
Northern Sector
(Bukit Mertajam-Padang Regas;
Butterworth-Padang Besar)
Stations79 [Note 1]
Daily ridership85,120 (Third Quarter 2018)[1]
Ridership37.235 million (2017) [1]
Colour on map 1   2   10  (Central Sector)
 1   2  (Northern Sector)
Websitewww.ktmb.com.my/ktmb
Operation
Opened14 August 1995; 24 years ago (1995-08-14)
OwnerKeretapi Tanah Melayu
Operator(s)Keretapi Tanah Melayu (Komuter Division)
Conduction systemWith driver
Rolling stockKTM Class 81 3-car formation
KTM Class 83 3-car formation
KTM Class 92 6-car formation
Technical
Line length456 km
Track gauge1000 mm
Route map

Greater KL / Klang Valley Integrated Transit Map
Source: SPAD as of July 2016

KTM Komuter Northern Sector Route Map
Source: KTMB as of 1 September 2016

The service uses air-conditioned electric multiple units. 'Park & Ride' facilities are provided at stations at a nominal charge.

KTM Komuter contributed RM146.2 million to group revenue in 2017, carrying a total of 37.235 million passengers.[1] The total number of passengers travelling with KTM Komuter in 2017 shows a decrease of 10.2%. This can be attributed to reduced service frequency due to the Klang Valley Double Tracking(KVDT) rehabilitation project that is currently still ongoing.

NetworkEdit

Current NetworkEdit

Line First operated Stations Length Termini
Central Sector
 1  Seremban Line
14 August 1995 32 Batu Caves Pulau Sebang/Tampin
Central Sector
 2  Port Klang Line
14 August 1995 27 Tanjung Malim Port Klang
Central Sector
 10  Skypark Link
1 May 2018 3 KL Sentral Terminal Skypark
Northern Sector
 1  Padang Rengas Line
11 September 2015 8 113.8 km Padang Rengas Bukit Mertajam
Northern Sector
 2  Padang Besar Line
1 January 2016 13 157.8 km Butterworth Padang Besar
TOTAL 79[Note 2] 456 km  

Central SectorEdit

KTM Komuter's 175 km (109 mi) network in the Central Sector mainly covers thek Klang Valley has 53 stations. It consists of two cross-city routes, namely the Port Klang Line (Tanjung Malim to Port Klang) and Seremban Line (Batu Caves to Pulau Sebang/Tampin).

Transfers between the two main lines can be made at any of the four stations on the central core: KL Sentral, Kuala Lumpur, Bank Negara and Putra. Same-platform or cross-platform interchange is available at Kuala Lumpur.

KTM Komuter also services shopping complexes and recreational centres. The Mid Valley station opened in 2004 next to the Mid Valley Megamall. Other shopping centres near KTM Komuter stations are Subang Parade, ÆON BiG Subang Jaya (nearby Subang Jaya station) and The MINES (Serdang station).

Passengers for Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) may take the KTM Komuter to Nilai and change to an airport bus, or they may change at KL Sentral station to the dedicated KLIA Ekspres. Interchange with the Rapid (KL city metro) network is available at Bandar Tasik Selatan station for the Sri Petaling Line and at KL Sentral for the Kelana Jaya Line. Passengers may also transfer to the Ampang Line in the city centre at Bank Negara station by means of a 200-metre covered walk to the Bandaraya LRT station. If passengers wish to go to Subang Airport, they can take the KTM Skypark Link to Subang Skypark at the Terminal Skypark  KS03  from KL Sentral station  KS01 

KTM Komuter tickets are sold at counters and via vending machines, available at all stations and halts.

The service is subject to overcrowding during rush hours. To help alleviate this, the operator introduced a new queuing system to help passengers line up when the trains are coming. The lines are painted on the floor with three colour codes representing each of the train set. The system was first implemented at KL Sentral station on 17 October 2008.[4] The operator is also considering introducing express services between Sungai Buloh and Kajang stations and between Kuala Lumpur and Shah Alam station during rush hours by the end of 2008.[5]

From 15 December 2015, the routes of Seremban Line and Port Klang Line were switched as part of a six-month trial. Trains from Seremban began heading towards Batu Caves, while trains from Port Klang headed towards Rawang, and vice versa. Transfers could be done at the four shared stations.[6] The route change was implemented following the trial.

KTM Komuter service to stations north of Rawang was run as a shuttle service when it was extended beyond Rawang to Rasa in April 2007, to Kuala Kubu Bharu in January 2008, and finally to Tanjung Malim on 1 June 2009. The Rawang-Tanjung Malim shuttle service was absorbed into the main Port Klang Line on 11 July 2016.

On 11 July 2016, the KTM Komuter Southern Sector which was a shuttle service between Seremban and Pulau Sebang/Tampin, was absorbed into the Seremban Line, adding four more stations to the line, namely Senawang, Sungai Gadut, Rembau and Pulau Sebang/Tampin.

Northern SectorEdit

On 11 September 2015, Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad introduced the Northern Sector KTM Komuter Shuttle (Tren Shuttle KTM Komuter Sektor Utara in Bahasa Malaysia) service between Gurun in Kedah, Butterworth in Penang and Kamunting in Perak. This followed the completion of the Ipoh-Padang Besar Electrification and Double-Tracking Project in December 2014.

On 1 January 2016, a second line was introduced between Butterworth and Padang Besar in Perlis, while on 17 January 2016, the Gurun-Butterworth-Kamunting route was replaced with two separate routes: Butterworth-Gurun and Butterworth-Kamunting. The three-line service operated until 1 July 2016 when the Butterworth-Gurun route was dropped, and subsequently on 1 September 2016, the Butterworth-Kamunting route was modified to run from Bukit Mertajam to Padang Rengas and vice versa, with Bukit Mertajam as the interchange station with the Butterworth-Padang Besar line.

Southern SectorEdit

KTMB introduced a new service for the southern route, KTM Komuter Southern Sector (Malay: KTM Komuter Sektor Selatan), on 10 October 2015 following the completion of the Seremban-Gemas Electrified Double Tracking Project on 30 October 2013. This service is the second KTM Komuter service outside the Klang Valley after the northern counterpart.[7] The Gemas and Batang Melaka stops were removed starting 20 June 2016 with the train running between Seremban and Pulau Sebang/Tampin. Subsequently, the shuttle service was terminated on 11 July 2016 when it was absorbed into the Seremban Line.

StationsEdit

The Komuter service was largely built from existing lines, with minor alterations (i.e. removal or abandonment of lines and replacement of wooden sleepers with concrete ones). Relevant station platforms were added and heightened to allow easier access to Komuter trains travelling in both directions.

Major pre-independence stations including Kuala Lumpur station, Klang station, Port Klang station and Seremban station were retained and upgraded to support Komuter services. Smaller, wood-based stations and halts along the line that were built at around the same time were either demolished and replaced by modern brick-and-concrete counterparts, or simply abandoned. The only exception to the rule is the old Sentul station, which has remained in service years since KTM Komuter's launch, albeit with a replacement platform.

The layouts and sizes of the new station buildings, as of the launch of the service in 1995, vary by location but are generally divided into two classes:

  • Railway halts, consisting of a small single-storey structure with only ticket counters (a ticket booth, ticket machines and faregates). The stations are usually placed along straightforward dual-lane lines.
  • Medium-sized and single-storey stations, housing both the ticket counters and station offices, and typically stationed along three or more lines. Such stations are typically intended to support additional responsibilities, such as managing railway signals, controlling points and handling goods services. The stations themselves are similar in design to the original wood-based stations along the line with slight hints of Western colonial designs (arches, wooden-and-glass windows and wooden doors), but are larger and modernised.

The platforms of the 1995 stations are virtually standardised, down to the design of the passenger semicircle-crossed shelters, the use of similarly-styled foot crossings to link all platforms, and the diamonds-based brickwork of the platforms.

Depending on the number of patrons through the years, each station has undergone upgrades or expansions that consist of either increasing the number of ticket counters or opening new facilities for use by passengers or railway staff. Taller, wider canopies were erected on the platforms of most stations to replace narrower, original versions in 2006 and 2007. The pace of the upgrades varies by location.

During the 2000s, new stations such as the Mid Valley station appeared in more modern designs, consisting primarily of high, curved canopies above the entire platforms. Certain new stations along dual-lane lines are also included with facilities typically reserved for medium-sized stations, such as the Rasa station. The Kuala Lumpur Sentral station, however, is housed under the concrete base of the transport hub, and is stark and utilitarian in design.

Rolling stockEdit

The original Komuter rolling stock consists of three versions of three-car EMUs added over the course of three years, beginning in 1994. The EMUs were the first in KTM's history. All Komuter EMUs operate in multiple-unit formation, running from overhead single-phase 25 kV AC 50 Hz catenary supply, with two driving cars and 1 - 4 trailer cars in between. The EMUs were state-of-the-art, with remote-controlled pneumatic doors, Automatic Train Protection (ATP), train data recorder, wheel-slip control, GTO/IGBT traction electronics and regenerative braking. Up to the point of their introduction, no other KTM motive power used these modern train control systems.

Designated by KTM as "Class 8x"s, the EMUs wear a yellow, blue and grey livery, a departure from the predominantly grey livery that KTM adopted on other locomotives and passenger coaches at the time. A handful of EMUs include full advertisements on the sides of their cars.

The original Komuter fleet consisted of the following models:

Class Image In service Cars per Set On order Manufacturer Remarks
Class 81 EMUs   4 3 N/A  -  Jenbacher Transport in (1994/1995) Designations EMU 01 to EMU 18. The trains were taken out of service in 2012, but four have returned to service after many years of refurbishment.
Class 82 EMUs   0 3 N/A   Union Carriage & Wagon in (1996/1997) Designations EMU 41 to EMU 62. All of the trainset are retired from service due to lack of spare parts and closure of the company.
Class 83 EMUs   14 3 N/A   Hyundai Percision (now Hyundai Rotem) in (1996/1997) Designations EMU 19 to EMU 40. 14 sets remain in service, most of them currently service the KTM Komuter Northern Sector. Several sets were repainted with new livery for the Skypark Link.

The Class 8x suffered from more mechanical problems as they aged, especially the Class 81 and Class 82, which had poor reliability. The manufacturers of both classes had gone bankrupt since the trains were built, hence spare parts became unavailable. On paper, the number of serviceable units in 2010 stood at 53 out of the original 62, although there are reports of far fewer trains.[8] Ultimately, four Class 81 sets were refurbished, albeit with new motors from Hyundai instead of Jenbacher(which had gone bust). All Class 82s were taken out of service.

In 2012, six-car Class 92s were introduced, replacing most of the Class 8x in the central sector. A handful of them remain, usually on the Skypark Link or Sentul-Batu Caves shuttle, but many have been reallocated to the northern sector.

Class Image In service Cars per Set On order Manufacturer Remarks
Class 92 EMUs   38 6 N/A   Zhu Zhou Electric Locomotives Co Ltd[8]

RidershipEdit

Ridership statistics published by the Ministry of Transport are for all KTM Komuter services. No separate statistics for the individual lines or operational regions are published. Statistics before 1999 are also not available.

KTM Komuter Ridership[1][9][10]
Year Ridership Remarks
2018 32,078,000
2017 37,235,000
2016 41,469,000
2015 49,690,000
2014 46,957,000
2013 43,942,000
2012 34,847,000
2011 35,510,000
2010 34,995,000
2009 34,683,000
2008 36,557,000
2007 36,959,000
2006 34,975,000
2005 30,935,000
2004 27,380,000
2003 24,645,000
2002 22,084,000
2001 20,929,000
2000 19,154,000
1999 17,168,000

Expansion and future plansEdit

New routes and stationsEdit

During the 2000s, the Komuter line saw the addition of seven more stations:[11]

  • The Kuala Lumpur Sentral station, opened 16 April 2001, includes platforms for both the Rawang-Seremban route and the Sentul-Port Klang route. While KL Sentral took over the Kuala Lumpur Railway Station's role of interchange with Intercity train services, the latter remains a separate stop for KTM Komuter services.
  • The Mid Valley station, opened 23 August 2004, primarily serves users of the adjoining Mid Valley Megamall and adjacent commercial facilities.
  • Kepong Sentral, opened 1 July 2006, stands beside the Middle Ring Road Two in the KL suburb of Kepong, on the Rawang-Seremban route.
  • The Serendah, Batang Kali and Rasa stations, opened 21 April 2007, form part of a new stretch of electrified railway towards Ipoh from Rawang station. A shuttle service known as the Rawang-Rasa shuttle runs between Rawang and these three stations.
  • The Kuala Kubu Bharu station, opened 5 January 2008. The Rawang-Rasa shuttle service was thus renamed as the Rawang-Kuala Kubu Bharu shuttle service.
  • The shuttle route was extended to Tanjung Malim station on 1 June 2009, with the shuttle service renamed the Rawang-Tanjung Malim KTM Komuter Shuttle Service.
  • The Sentul-Port Klang Route has been extended to Batu Caves since 29 July 2010, together with four intermediate new stations - Batu Kentonmen, Kampung Batu and Taman Wahyu.
  • The Seremban Line was extended from Seremban to Sungai Gadut in 2012 with an intermediate station at Senawang, and to Rembau in 2013 with a limited service operating.

On 11 September 2015, Keretapi Tanah Melayu introduced the Northern Sector KTM Komuter Shuttle Service, the first commuter train service outside the Klang Valley. The shuttle train service stops at 11 stations between Gurun and Kamunting, including Butterworth.

Route expansionsEdit

Besides new stations, additional plans were made to extend the Komuter network outwards from it original route:

  • KTMB also plans to extend 85 km (53 mi) Komuter services to Pulau Sebang, Melaka and Gemas. Construction completed in 2013. This interchange with the future Komuter South (Komuter-Sud) line to Johor Bahru.[12]
  • The work for the shuttle service connecting KL Sentral and Subang Jaya to Subang Skypark, known as Skypark Link is currently underway. This extension is slated to have five stations: KL Sentral, Subang Jaya, Glenmarie, Sri Subang, and Subang Skypark.[13][14] The line is officially launched on 1st May 2018.[15]

Incidents and accidentsEdit

  • On the evening of 3 March 2004, a Seremban-bound KTM Komuter train in the Seremban Line collided with the rear of another Komuter train facing the same direction, which had been waiting at a signal between Tiroi station and Seremban station for five minutes. Forty were injured, but no deaths were reported. The accident was ascribed to the faulty signal light (struck by lightning) that stopped the earlier train, though the driver of the rear-ending train is reported to have run a red light into the section occupied by the rear-ended train. The resulting crash disrupted KTM Komuter services along the line for a day. This is so far the worst accident involving the KTM Komuter service.[16]
  • On 2 March 2007, a crane fell onto a KTM Komuter train track near the Sentul-Port Klang Route's Shah Alam Komuter station, stranding about 10,000 passengers and cancelling 40 trips. Alternative transport services were provided.[17]
  • On 25 May 2007, a person was killed after he was hit by a KTM Komuter train while crossing the tracks illegally. Deaths in this manner have occurred along Komuter lines before.
  • On 27 February 2008, overhead power cables between Subang Jaya and Petaling stations of the Sentul-Port Klang route broke, causing all train services to be modified to run on the Sentul-Petaling route instead.
  • On 22 October 2009, a multipurpose vehicle plunged into the railway track as it was heading from Kuala Lumpur towards Subang Jaya. Train services were disrupted, and the vehicle was towed away 3 hours after the accident.[18]
  • On 4 February 2013, A woman in her 50s was run over by a commuter train at the Taman Wahyu KTM Komuter Station. The victim was said to have been dragged 50m along the track in the incident.[19]
  • On 15 February 2013 at 23:00, an out-of-service KTM Class 92 SCS 20 derailed near Shah Alam station while returning to Sentul depot for maintenance. No one was injured. The train was heavily damaged and was subsequently written off.[20]
  • On 1 November 2013, a 3 coach KTM Class 83 derailed near Rawang station while moving through a track switch. No one was hurt in the incident. The two rear coaches were separated and towed away using a locomotive while the remaining front coach removed by use of cranes.[21]
  • On 18 September 2017, KTM train services suffered a major disruption after an electrical cable snapped at KM361.76 on the tracks between the Rawang and Kuang stations, causing closure to both of the rail tracks.[22]

TimelineEdit

  • 3 August 1995 - The first KTM Komuter trains began taking passengers between Kuala Lumpur and Rawang. Free trips were offered until 11 August 1995.
  • 14 August 1995 - Commercial operations begin for the KTM Komuter between Kuala Lumpur and Rawang. It was then extended to Salak South on 29 September 1995.
  • 28 August 1995 - Operations between Sentul and Shah Alam began. Service was extended to Klang on 29 September 1995.
  • 20 November 1995 - The Rawang-Kuala Lumpur service extended to Kajang.
  • 18 December 1995 - The Kajang-Seremban section opens, completing the "original" KTM Komuter network which remained unchanged until 2007.
  • 16 April 2001 - KL Sentral KTM Komuter station opened.
  • 3 March 2004 - Worst KTM Komuter accident occurred when a Seremban-bound commuter train hits the rear of another train near Seremban.
  • 23 August 2004 - Mid Valley KTM Komuter station opened.
  • 1 July 2005 - KTM Komuter network began accepting Touch 'n Go electronic farecards.
  • 1 July 2006 - Kepong Sentral KTM Komuter station opened.
  • 21 April 2007 - Shuttle service between Rawang and Rasa began.
  • 5 January 2008 - Opening of Kuala Kubu Bharu station, and extension of the Rawang-Kuala Kubu Bharu shuttle service (formerly known as Rawang-Rasa shuttle service) to this station.
  • 1 June 2009 - Extension of Rawang-Kuala Kubu Bharu route to Tanjung Malim. The route is now called Rawang-Tanjung Malim shuttle service.
  • 28 April 2010 - Women-only coaches introduced. The coach is the middle coach in the train setb.
  • 29 July 2010 - Sentul-Port Klang route extended to Batu Caves with introduction of 4 new stations.
  • 14 May 2011 - Seremban-Rawang route extended to Senawang and Sungai Gadut.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Counting transfer stations only once.
  2. ^ Counting transfer stations only once.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Statistic for Rail Transport" (in Malay and English). Ministry of Transport, Malaysia. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  2. ^ "KTM Berhad akan memperkenalkan perkhidmatan Tren Shuttle Komuter di Sektor Utara (KTM Berhad will introduce the Komuter Shuttle Train Service in the Northern Sector)(in Malay)" (PDF). KTM Berhad. 7 September 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 September 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
  3. ^ Audrey Dermawan (11 September 2015). "KTM shuttle train service begins today". New Straits Times. Kuala Lumpur. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
  4. ^ Michael, Stuart (24 October 2008). "KTM implements new queuing scheme for passengers". The Star. Kuala Lumpur. Retrieved 26 October 2008.
  5. ^ "Six trains for new services". New Straits Times. Kuala Lumpur. 26 October 2008.
  6. ^ KTMB. "KTM Komuter Trial Route Map Effective 15 December 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  7. ^ KTMB Media Release – KTM Komuter Southern Sector
  8. ^ a b "Chinese trains to expand KL Komuter fleet". Railway Gazette International. 26 November 2010. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  9. ^ "Transport Statistics Malaysia 2016" (PDF) (in Malay and English). Ministry of Transport, Malaysia. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  10. ^ "Transport Statistics Malaysia 2008" (PDF) (in Malay and English). Ministry of Transport, Malaysia. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  11. ^ "Construction of New Commuter Stations". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 June 2007.
  12. ^ "KTMB spends RM200mil on new intercity and commuter trains". The Star. Kuala Lumpur. 7 February 2008.
  13. ^ Priya Menon (8 August 2014). "Work on railway line from Subang airport to KL Sentral has begun". The Star. Kuala LUmpur. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  14. ^ "PROJEK LANDASAN KERETAPI DARI SUBANG KE TERMINAL SKYPARK SUBANG | Laman Web Rasmi Suruhanjaya Pengangkutan Awam Darat". S.P.A.D. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  15. ^ http://www.theedgemarkets.com/article/kl-sentralsubang-skypark-rail-service-starts-early-may
  16. ^ "Komuter crash". The Star. Kuala Lumpur. 3 March 2004. p. 1.
  17. ^ "Crane Falls On Rail Tracks, 10,000 Passengers Stranded". Bernama. 2 March 2007. Retrieved 20 June 2007.
  18. ^ "MPV plunges onto railway tracks". The Star. Kuala Lumpur. 22 October 2009.
  19. ^ "Woman run down by Komuter train". The Malaysian Insider. Kuala Lumpur. 4 February 2013.
  20. ^ Nurul Riduan Nor Ashaha (15 February 2013). "Komuter tergelincir di Stesen Shah Alam". SinarHarian (in Malay). Retrieved 31 October 2013.
  21. ^ "KTM Komuter train derails near Rawang station". The Star. Kuala Lumpur. 1 November 2013.
  22. ^ "KTM train services to be fully restored by Monday".

External linksEdit