Kežmarok(Redirected from Késmárk)
|Etymology: "cheese market"|
|• Mayor||Ján Ferenčák|
|• Total||24.83 km2 (9.59 sq mi)|
|Elevation||626 m (2,054 ft)|
|Population (31 December 2014)|
|• Density||670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Settlement at Kežmarok dates back to the Upper Stone Age. In the 13th century the region contained a community of Saxons, a Slovak fishing village, a Hungarian border post and a Carpathian German settlement. Its Latin name was first mentioned in 1251 as Villa (Saxonum apud Ecclesiam) Sancte Elisabeth. In 1269 Kežmarok received its town charter. It also had the right to organize a cheese market (hence the German name Kesmark ("Käsemarkt" - "cheese market"). In 1433 the town was severely damaged by a Hussite raid. After 1440, the count of Spiš had a seat in Kežmarok. In the 15th century (and then once more in 1655), Kežmarok became a free royal town.
The town was a stronghold of the noble Thököly family. The Hungarian magnate and warrior Imre Thököly was born in the town in 1657. He died in exile in Turkey in 1705 but in the 20th century his body was returned to Kežmarok and he is buried in a noble mausoleum in the town's Lutheran church.
The town's other monuments include a castle, many Renaissance merchant houses, and a museum of ancient books. In pride of place is the Protestant church built in 1688 entirely of wood. The church also contains an organ of 1719 with wooden pipes. The church has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2008.
Kežmarok had a large ethnic German minority until the end of World War II. It also had a large and active Jewish community. During World War II, under the auspices of the First Slovak Republic, nearly 3,000 of the town's Jews were deported to German death camps. The town's pre-war Jewish cemetery has now been restored.
According to the 2001 census, the town had 17,383 inhabitants. 95.21% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 1.59% Roma, 0.83% Czechs and 0.43% Germans. The religious makeup was 77.50% Roman Catholics, 10.98% people with no religious affiliation, 4.83% Lutherans and 2.63% Greek Catholics.
Twin towns — sister citiesEdit
- The Town Kežmarok Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Mestská a obecná štatistika SR Archived October 6, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2007-11-16. Retrieved 2007-12-15.
- "Oficiálne stránky mesta Kežmarok". kezmarok.sk. Archived from the original on 1 March 2010. Retrieved 8 February 2010.
- Szinney József, Magyar írók élete és munkái, Hornyánszky Budapest 1900
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kežmarok.|
The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Levoca, Slovakia"
- Roman Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1674-1919 (parish A)
- Greek Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1765-1925 (parish B)
- Lutheran church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1601-1897 (parish A)
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kežmarok.|