Judge Priest is a 1934 American comedy film starring Will Rogers. The film was directed by John Ford, produced by Sol M. Wurtzel in association with Fox Film, and based on humorist Irvin S. Cobb's character Judge Priest. The picture is set in post-reconstruction Kentucky and the supporting cast features Henry B. Walthall, Hattie McDaniel and Stepin Fetchit. It was remade by Ford in 1953 as The Sun Shines Bright.
|Directed by||John Ford|
|Produced by||Sol M. Wurtzel|
|Written by||Irvin S. Cobb|
Henry B. Walthall
|Music by||Cyril J. Mockridge|
Samuel Kaylin (uncredited)
|Edited by||Paul Weatherwax|
Fox Film Corporation
|Distributed by||Fox Film Corporation|
|Box office||$1,176,000 (rentals)|
In 1890, Judge Priest is an eccentric judge in a small Kentucky town. Although his wife has been dead for 19 years, he shows no interest in remarrying. He sometimes stumbles with his words, but he shows his wit. The judge, despite all his talk of being a Confederate veteran, finds his best friend to be Jeff Poindexter, a black man. Judge Priest takes pride in his tolerance for others.
- Will Rogers as Judge William 'Billy' Priest
- Tom Brown as Jerome Priest
- Anita Louise as Ellie May Gillespie
- Henry B. Walthall as Reverend Ashby Brand
- David Landau as Bob Gillis
- Rochelle Hudson as Virginia Maydew
- Roger Imhof as Billy Gaynor
- Frank Melton as Flem Talley
- Charley Grapewin as Sergeant Jimmy Bagby
- Berton Churchill as Senator Horace Maydew
- Brenda Fowler as Mrs. Caroline Priest
- Francis Ford as Juror No. 12
- Hattie McDaniel as Aunt Dilsey
- Stepin Fetchit as Jeff Poindexter
- Winter Hall as Judge Floyd Fairleigh (uncredited)
- Harry Tenbrook as Townsman in Saloon (uncredited)
The film played a major role in earning Will Rogers recognition as the number one box office star of 1934. Rogers received critical praise for his performance, some noting that Rogers fell right into the role with his heart-warming personality. Rogers managed a balance of comedic one-liners and serious dramatics. The Tulsa Daily World summed up Rogers' performance: "The star's portrayal of Judge Priest has the mark of authenticity upon it … the unique blending of unique talent with a rich and splendid role." Rogers was killed in a plane crash just a year after the release of Judge Priest.
In the role as Jeff Poindexter, director John Ford gave Stepin Fetchit some room to expand his comic performance. When Judge Priest asks Jeff why he is not wearing his shoes, Fetchit comically ad libs, "I’m saving them for when my feet wear out." Fetchit was known for attending lavish parties and causing mischief while off the studio lot. Right before the shooting of Judge Priest, Fetchit caused a commotion at a benefit show at the Apollo Theater in New York City. When he arrived back in Hollywood for the filming of Judge Priest, Fetchit's behavior was much better. In fact, only once was Fetchit late for a shoot (he had forgotten his make-up kit).
Hattie McDaniel (last name appears as "McDaniels" in the opening credits) was just beginning her trek to stardom when she shot Judge Priest. Before this film she was a relatively unknown actress. Stepin Fetchit apparently doubted her acting abilities at the beginning of the production, but soon realized he was working with a very talented performer. Director John Ford noted McDaniel's acting talents. Ford cut some of Fetchit's scenes and gave McDaniel additional scenes. This created an initial rift between these two pioneering black actors.
- "My Old Kentucky Home, Good Night" (Music and lyrics by Stephen Foster) – Sung by Hattie McDaniel, Melba Brown, Thelma Brown, Vera Brown, Will Rogers and others
- "Aunt Dilsey's Improvisation" (Written by Hattie McDaniel) – Sung by Hattie McDaniel
- "Love's Old Sweet Song (Just a Song at Twilight)" (Music by J.L. Molloy, lyrics by J. Clifton Bingham)
- "Massa Jesus Wrote Me a Note" (Music by Cyril J. Mockridge, lyrics by Dudley Nichols and Lamar Trotti) – Sung by Hattie McDaniel and others at the festival
- "Old Folks at Home (Swanee River)" (Written by Stephen Foster)
- "Old Black Joe" (Written by Stephen Foster)
- "(I Wish I Was in) Dixie's Land" (Written by Daniel Decatur Emmett)
- "Little Brown Jug" (Music and lyrics by Joseph Winner) – Sung by Hattie McDaniel
- "Aunt Dilsey's Song" (Music by Cyril J. Mockridge, lyrics by Dudley Nichols and Lamar Trotti) – Sung by Hattie McDaniel
- The Sun Shines Bright, John Ford's 1953 film based on the same original material by Irvin S. Cobb
- List of films in the public domain in the United States
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Judge Priest (film).|
- "All-Time Film Rental Champs". Variety. October 15, 1990. p. M150.
- "Judge Priest". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved February 3, 2019.
- Maturi, Richard J. and Mary Buckingham Maturi. Will Rogers, Performer. Jefferson: McFarland & Company, Inc., 1999. Print.
- Churchill, Douglas W. (December 30, 1934). "The Year in Hollywood: 1934 May Be Remembered as the Beginning of the Sweetness-and-Light Era (gate locked)". New York Times. p. X5. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
- D. W. (November 25, 1934). "TAKING A LOOK AT THE RECORD". New York Times. ProQuest 101193306.
- Rosenbaum, Jonathan (June 25, 1998). "List-o-Mania: Or, How I Stopped Worrying and Learned to Love American Movies". Chicago Reader. Archived from the original on April 13, 2020.