"Joy Spring" is a 1954 jazz composition by Clifford Brown that became his signature work. It is the name he called his wife, Emma LaRue Anderson (maiden; 1933–2005), whom he married June 26, 1954 – on her 21st birthday – in Los Angeles.[i]
|Song by Clifford Brown and Max Roach|
|from the album Clifford Brown & Max Roach|
|Studio||Capitol, Los Angeles|
Brown first recorded "Joy Spring" in a studio session led by him on August 6, 1954, at Capitol Recording Studios, in Los Angeles, with Harold Land (tenor sax), Richie Powell (piano), George Morrow (bass), and Max Roach (drums). They did two takes – 10877-3 and 10877-4.
Six days later (August 12, 1954), at the same studio, Brown, as leader, recorded Jack Montrose's arrangement of it with Stu Williamson (valve trombone), Zoot Sims (tenor sax), Bob Gordon (bari sax), Russ Freeman (piano), Joe Mondragon (bass), Shelly Manne (drums). That take has been issued on several albums, including (i) Jazz Messages (Jazztone J-1281), (ii) Clifford Brown & Max Roach (Pacific Jazz CDP 7 46850 2), and (iii) Jazz Imortal – Featuring Zoot Sims (1988; Pacific Jazz CDP 7 46850 2).
There is an anecdote tied to this composition. Larue Anderson, before marrying Brown, had been a classical music student at the University of Southern California. Absent any knowledge of jazz theory – and in particular, absent any knowledge of bebop articulations, phrasing, and the use of half-step progressions, tritone substitutions, and other musical features of the style – she began writing a thesis titled "Jazz versus the Arts." Max Roach, her friend who introduced her to Brown, took her aside and said: "Honey, the whole world is not built around tonic / dominant." He convinced her to the point that she became a jazz devotee.
- 1955, version in the studio album Arranged by Montrose of Jack Montrose
- 1957, Oscar Peterson trio with Ray Brown, Herb Ellis At the Opera House
- 1958, Lem Winchester and Ramsey Lewis in the album A Tribute to Clifford Brown
- 1960, George Shearing with his quintet in the live album On the Sunny Side of the Strip
- 1964, Joe Pass live version in the album Joy Spring
- 1981, Stan Getz with his quartet in the album The Dolphin
- 1982, Freddie Hubbard in the album Born To Be Blue
- 1985, Larry Coryell, Emily Remler in the album Together.
- 1989, McCoy Tyner in the album Things Ain't What They Used To Be
- 1992, Arturo Sandoval in the tribute album I Remember Clifford with Ed Calle and again in 2003 in the album Trumpet Evolution
- 1994, Helen Merrill, in the tribute album Brownie: Homage to Clifford Brown
- 1995, Tito Puente in his album Tito's Idea
- 1996, Karrin Allyson in the album Collage
- 1998, Billy Taylor in the album Ten Fingers, One Voice
- 2003, Larry Coryell in his album Joy Spring (The Swinging Side Of Larry Coryell) 
- 2007, Buddy Rich his posthumous release in the album Time Out
- 2012, Paolo Fresu with Marco Tamburini, Fabrizio Bosso, Flavio Boltro, Franco Ambrosetti in the album 50 anni suonati.
Notes and referencesEdit
- Brown and Anderson had three marriage celebrations, partly because their families were on opposite coasts and partly because of their differing religions – Brown was Methodist and Anderson was Catholic. They were first married on June 26, 1954, in Los Angeles (on Anderson's 21st birthday), then again in a religious ceremony on July 17, 1954, in Los Angeles, then, Anderson's parish priest followed them to Boston, and, on August 1, 1954, performed their marriage ceremony at Saint Richards Church in the Roxbury neighborhood. (Meadows; Spring 2011)
- Spellman, A. B. and Murray Horwitz (August 1, 2001). "Max Roach: 'Clifford Brown and Max Roach,'" NPR Retrieved on 2016-10-24.
- "Clifford Brown" (Musician detail: B13509), The Jazz Discography Online (lordisco
.com), Tom Lord (ed.) (retrieved June 19, 2019); OCLC 182585494, 690104143
- Clifford Brown Featuring Zoot Sims – Jazz Immortal on Discogs Retrieved October 24, 2016.
- "Kappa Kappa Alpha – Larue Anderson" (college yearbook entry with photo), El Rodeo (yearbook of the University of Southern California), Vol. 46 (1951), p. 317; OCLC 822063048, 910495447 (accessible via Ancestry.com)
- "Clifford Brown in Los Angeles," by Eddie Spencer Meadows, PhD; born 1939; Black Music Research Journal, published by the Center for Black Music Research, Columbia College Chicago and University of Illinois Press, Vol. 31, No. 1, Spring 2011, pps. 45–63; JSTOR www
.jstor .org /stable /10 .5406 /blacmusiresej .31 .1 .0045; OCLC 729620529, 6733333114, 778359559; ISSN 0276-3605
- Stan Getz - The Dolphin on Discogs
- Joy Spring (The Swinging Side Of Larry Coryell) su Discogs