|Birth name||Lorenz Albert Van DeLinder III|
|Born||April 2, 1943|
Galveston, Texas, U.S.
|Died||February 19, 2017 (aged 73)|
New York City
|Genres||Jazz, jazz fusion, free jazz, pop, rock, classical|
|Labels||Vanguard, Arista, Novus, Muse, Shanachie, Chesky, Wide Hive, Patuxent|
Larry Coryell was born in Galveston, Texas, United States. He never knew his biological father, a musician. He was raised by his stepfather Gene, a chemical engineer, and his mother Cora, who encouraged him to learn piano when he was four years old.
In his teens he switched to guitar. After his family moved to Richland, Washington, he took lessons from a teacher who lent him albums by Les Paul, Johnny Smith, Barney Kessel, and Tal Farlow. When asked what jazz guitar albums influenced him, Coryell cited On View at the Five Spot Cafe by Kenny Burrell, Red Norvo with Strings, and The Incredible Jazz Guitar of Wes Montgomery. He liked blues and pop music and tried to play jazz when he was eighteen. He said that hearing Wes Montgomery changed his life.
Coryell graduated from Richland High School, where he played in local bands the Jailers, the Rumblers, the Royals, and the Flames. He also played with the Checkers from Yakima. He then moved to Seattle to attend the University of Washington.
In September 1965, Coryell moved to New York City, where he attended Mannes School of Music. After moving to New York, he listened to classical composers such as Bartók, Debussy, Ravel, Stravinsky, and Shostakovich.
He replaced guitarist Gábor Szabó in Chico Hamilton's quintet. In 1967–68, he recorded with Gary Burton. During the mid-1960s he played with the Free Spirits, his first recorded band. His music during the late-1960s and early-1970s combined rock, jazz, and eastern music.
In the 1970s, he led the group Foreplay with Mike Mandel, a friend since childhood, although the albums of this period, Barefoot Boy, Offering, and The Real Great Escape, were credited only to Larry Coryell. He formed The Eleventh House in 1973. Several of the group's albums included drummer Alphonse Mouzon.
He recorded two guitar duet albums with Philip Catherine. In 1979, he formed The Guitar Trio with John McLaughlin and Paco de Lucia. The group toured Europe briefly, releasing a video recorded at Royal Albert Hall in London entitled Meeting of Spirits. In early 1980, Coryell's drug addiction led to his being replaced by Al Di Meola. He recorded Together with guitarist Emily Remler, who died in 1990. Starting from 2010, Coryell toured and recorded intermittently with a trio that included pianist John Colianni, as well as bassists Daryl Johns and Jim Cammack.
Coryell was first married to writer-actress Julie Nathanson (c. 1948-2009), daughter of actress Carol Bruce. She appeared on the covers of several of his albums (including Lady Coryell, Larry Coryell at the Village Gate and The Lion and the Ram) and later wrote the book Jazz-Rock Fusion, which was based on interviews with many of Coryell's peers, including Chick Corea and John McLaughlin. She also sang intermittently with Coryell, including one track on the 1984 album Comin' Home. The couple had two sons (Murali Coryell (b. 1969) and Julian Coryell (b. 1973), both professional guitarists) before divorcing in 1985. Thereafter, he had a brief romance with fellow jazz guitarist and artistic collaborator Emily Remler. In 1988, he remarried to Connecticut native Mary (Molly) Schuler; they divorced in 2005. His widow is Tracey Coryell. They were married in Orlando, Florida (where he resided later in life) in 2007. Tracey is a singer/songwriter/performer who appeared on Larry's Laid, Back & Blues recording in 2006 on Rhombus Records. Coryell recorded one of Tracey's compositions, "First Day of Autumn" on his album The Lift in 2013 on Wide Hive Records.
After surmounting his alcohol and heroin addictions, Coryell practiced Nichiren Buddhism. He also attempted to introduce Remler (who struggled with opioid addiction until her death in 1990) to a more healthful lifestyle, as exemplified by jogging and taking vitamins.
In November 2016, Coryell condemned Donald Trump following his election to the presidency of the United States. "This is an unacceptable situation," he said to Bill Milkowski of DownBeat. "We cannot let all the work we’ve done as jazz musicians to help relationships between people … we can't let all that go to hell. And that's what this election is going to do. It'll take us back to the Dark Ages and people will think that it’s OK to be prejudiced again. Well, I don't accept it. We have to stand up. … [Trump is] an impostor, a huckster, and he’s got to go. And because I'm a Buddhist I'm going to chant about it and try to turn poison into medicine, and just get deeper and deeper into my music."
Shortly after these comments were published, Coryell wrote to Downbeat to apologize and retract: "I am no longer angry about the election; I accept it. I have musician friends who did not vote my way. I have no place implying, as I did in the article, that their votes were insincere or illegitimate... Also—and this is very important—I believe that I have a responsibility to transcend politics, focusing instead on finding ways to touch people’s hearts through music. I never want to forget all the great players who mentored me in the art of demonstrating restraint regarding hot-button issues; these men and women advised me to exercise discretion, and to behave with exemplary humanity. ...My comments did nothing to further the cause of our music. I apologize."
- Coryell (Vanguard Apostolic, 1969)
- Lady Coryell (Vanguard Apostolic, 1969)
- Spaces (Vanguard Apostolic, 1970)
- Fairyland (Mega, 1971)
- Larry Coryell at the Village Gate (Vanguard, 1971)
- Barefoot Boy (Flying Dutchman, 1971)
- Offering (Vanguard, 1972)
- The Real Great Escape (Vanguard, 1973)
- Introducing Eleventh House with Larry Coryell (Vanguard, 1974)
- The Restful Mind (Vanguard, 1975)
- Planet End (Vanguard, 1975)
- Level One (Arista, 1975)
- Basics (Vanguard, 1976)
- The Lion and the Ram (Arista, 1976)
- Aspects (Arista, 1976)
- Two for the Road with Steve Khan (Arista, 1977)
- Twin House with Philip Catherine (Elektra, 1977)
- Back Together Again with Alphonse Mouzon (Atlantic, 1977)
- Difference (Egg, 1978)
- Better Than Live with the Brubeck Brothers (Direct-Disk Labs, 1978)
- European Impressions (Arista Novus 1978)
- At Montreux with Eleventh House (Vanguard, 1978)
- Standing Ovation: Solo (Mood, 1978)
- Splendid with Philip Catherine (Elektra, 1978)
- Return (Vanguard, 1979)
- Tributaries (Arista Novus, 1979)
- Live! with Philip Catherine, Joachim Kühn, (Elektra, 1980)
- Boléro (Philips, 1981)
- The Larry Coryell/Michael Urbaniak Duo (Keytone, 1982)
- Scheherazade (Philips, 1982)
- L'Oiseau de Feu, Petrouchka (Philips, 1983)
- Facts of Life with Michał Urbaniak (SWS, 1983)
- Just Like Being Born with Brian Keane (Flying Fish, 1984)
- Comin' Home (Muse, 1984)
- Together with Emily Remler (Concord Jazz, 1985)
- Equipoise (Muse, 1986)
- Dedicated to Bill Evans and Scott La Faro with Miroslav Vitous (Jazzpoint, 1987)
- Air Dancing (Jazzpoint, 1988)
- Toku Do (Muse, 1988)
- Dragon Gate (Shanachie, 1989)
- Visions in Blue: Coryell Plays Ravel & Gershwin (Little Major, 1989)
- Shining Hour (Muse, 1989)
- American Odyssey (DRG, 1990)
- Don Lanphere/Larry Coryell (Hep, 1990)
- Twelve Frets to One Octave (Shanachie, 1991)
- Live from Bahia (CTI, 1992)
- Fallen Angel (CTI, 1993)
- I'll Be Over You (CTI, 1995)
- Spaces Revisited (Shanachie, 1997)
- Cause and Effect with Steve Smith, Tom Coster, (Tone Center, 1998)
- Private Concert (Acoutic Music Records, 1999)
- Monk, Trane, Miles & Me (HighNote, 1999)
- From the Ashes with L. Subrahaniam (Water Lily Acoustics, 1999)
- The Coryells (Chesky, 2000)
- New High (HighNote, 2000)
- Moonlight Whispers (Pastels, 2001)
- Count's Jam Band Reunion with Steve Marcus, Steve Smith, Kai Eckhardt (Tone Center, 2001)
- Inner Urge (HighNote, 2001)
- Cedars of Avalon (HighNote, 2002)
- Tricycles (In+Out, 2003)
- The Power Trio Live in Chicago (HighNote, 2003)
- Three Guitars with Badi Assad, John Abercrombie (Chesky, 2003)
- Electric with Victor Bailey, Lenny White (Chesky, 2005)
- Traffic with Victor Bailey, Lenny White (Chesky, 2006)
- Laid Back & Blues (Rhombus, 2006)
- Impressions: The New York Sessions (Chesky, 2008)
- Earthquake at the Avalon (In-Akustik, 2009)
- Montgomery (Patuxent Music, 2011)
- Larry Coryell with the Wide Hive Players (Wide Hive, 2011)
- Duality with Kenny Drew Jr. (Random Act, 2011)
- The Lift (Wide Hive, 2013)
- Heavy Feel (Wide Hive, 2015)
- Barefoot Man: Sanpaku (Purple Pyramid, 2016)
- Seven Secrets with Eleventh House (Savoy, 2016)
- Last Swing with Ireland Larry Coryell Trio (AngelFire, 2021)
With The Free Spirits
- Out of Sight and Sound (ABC, 1967)
- Live at the Scene (Sunbeam, 2011)
- Fuse One, Fuse One (CTI, 1980)
- Fuse One, Ice (Electric Bird, 1984)
With Fuse One
- Fuse One (CTI, 1980)
- Ice (Electric Bird, 1984)
With Gary Burton
- Duster (RCA Victor, 1967)
- Lofty Fake Anagram (RCA Victor, 1967)
- Gary Burton Quartet in Concert (RCA Victor, 1968)
- A Genuine Tong Funeral (RCAVictor, 1968)
With Herbie Mann
With Charles Mingus
- Three or Four Shades of Blues (Atlantic, 1977)
- Me Myself An Eye (Atlantic, 1979)
- Something Like a Bird (Atlantic, 1980)
With Don Sebesky
- Don Sebesky & the Jazz Rock Syndrome (Verve, 1968)
- The Distant Galaxy (Verve, 1968)
- I Remember Bill (RCA Victor, 1998)
With L. Subramaniam
- Blossom (Crusaders, 1981)
- Spanish Wave (Milestone, 1983)
- Mani & Co. (Milestone, 1986)
- The 5th Dimension, Earthbound (ABC, 1975)
- Laurindo Almeida, Sharon Isbin, 3 Guitars 3 (Pro Arte, 1985)
- Jon Anderson, 1000 Hands Chapter One (Opio Media 2019)
- Chet Baker, Chet Baker / Wolfgang Lackerschmid (Sandra, 1980)
- Bob Baldwin, Cool Breeze (Shanachie, 1997)
- Randy Brecker, Score (Solid State, 1969)
- Charlie Byrd, Herb Ellis, Mundell Lowe, The Return of the Great Guitars (Concord Jazz, 1996)
- Royce Campbell, Six by Six (Paddle Wheel/King, 1994)
- Ron Carter, In Memory of Jim (Somethin' Else, 2014)
- Billy Cobham, By Design (Fnac Music, 1992)
- Tom Collier, Across the Bridge (Origin, 2015)
- Wolfgang Dauner, Knirsch (MPS, 1972)
- Joey DeFrancesco, Wonderful! Wonderful! (HighNote, 2012)
- Paco de Lucia, Castro Marín (Philips, 1981)
- Paco de Lucia, Entre Dos Aguas (Philips, 1983)
- Al Di Meola, Super Guitar Trio and Friends (TDK, 2001)
- Tim Eyermann, Now & Then (Living Tree, 1998)
- Tal Farlow, All Strings Attached (Verve, 1987)
- Ricky Ford, Future's Gold (Muse, 1983)
- David Garfield, Jazz Outside the Box (Creatchy, 2018)
- Art Garfunkel, Up 'Til Now (Columbia, 1993)
- Stu Goldberg, Solos-Duos-Trios (MPS, 1978)
- Stephane Grappelli, Young Django (MPS, 1979)
- Stefan Grossman, Friends Forever Guitar Collaborations (2008)
- Chico Hamilton, The Dealer (Impulse!, 1965)
- Roland Hanna, Gershwin Carmichael Cats (CTI, 1982)
- Donald Harrison, The Power of Cool (CTI, 1991)
- Jazz Composer's Orchestra, The Jazz Composer's Orchestra (JCOA, 1968)
- Fumio Karashima, Round Midnight (Full House, 1983)
- Ithamara Koorax, Ithamara Koorax Sings the Luiz Bonfa Songbook (Paddle Wheel 1996)
- Bireli Lagrene, & Special Guests (In-Akustik, 1986)
- Arnie Lawrence, Look Toward a Dream (Project 3, 1968)
- Bob Moses, Love Animal (Amulet, 2003)
- Teo Macero, Impressions of Charles Mingus (Palo Alto, 1983)
- Teo Macero, Acoustical Suspension (Doctor Jazz 1985)
- Leslie Mándoki, Children of Hope (Gong, 1986)
- Leslie Mándoki, Out of Key... with the Time (Sony, 2002)
- Michael Mantler, Movies (WATT Works, 1978)
- Steve Marcus, Tomorrow Never Knows (Vortex, 1968)
- Steve Marcus, Count's Rock Band (Vortex, 1969)
- John McLaughlin, Paco de Lucia, Meeting of the Spirits (Alpha Centauri 1982)
- Alphonse Mouzon, The Sky Is the Limit (Tenacious, 1996)
- Mark Murphy, September Ballads (Milestone, 1988)
- Chico O'Farrill, Nine Flags (Impulse!, 1966)
- Anca Parghel, Jazz, My Secret Soul (Intercont Music, 1994)
- Jim Pepper, Pepper's Pow Wow (Embryo, 1971)
- Sonny Rollins, Don't Ask (Milestone, 1979)
- Sigi Schwab, Solo's Duo's and Trio's (Keytone, 1982)
- Dylan Taylor, One in Mind (Blujazz, 2017)
- Leon Thomas, Blues and the Soulful Truth (Flying Dutchman, 1972)
- Leon Thomas, Facets (Flying Dutchman, 1973)
- Bob Thompson, Wilderness (Intima, 1989)
- Brian Tarquin, Orlando in Heaven (Purple Pyramid 2017)
- Michal Urbaniak, Fusion III (CBS, 1975)
- Michal Urbaniak, Miles of Blue (Sony, 2009)
- Eddie Cleanhead Vinson, You Can't Make Love Alone (Mega/Flying Dutchman, 1971)
- Jack Walrath, Out of the Tradition (Muse, 1992)
- Kazumi Watanabe, Dogatana (Better Days, 1981)
- Kazumi Watanabe, One for All (EmArcy, 1999)
- Jimmy Webb, And So: On (Reprise, 1971)
- Lenny White, Venusian Summer (Nemperor, 1975)
- Kazuhito Yamashita, The Four Seasons (BMG, 2004)
- Larry Young, Spaceball (Arista, 1976)
- L. Subramaniam Violin From the Heart (1999) – directed by Jean Henri Meunier (includes a scene of Coryell performing with L. Subramaniam)
- Meeting of the Spirits /1979 (2003) – live performance in London featuring Coryell, John McLaughlin, and Paco de Lucia
- Super Guitar Trio and Friends in Concert /1990 (2005) – live performance featuring Coryell, Al Di Meola, and Biréli Lagrène
- Super Guitar Trio: Live in Montreux /1989 (2007) – live performance featuring Coryell, Al Di Meola, and Biréli Lagrène
- Three Guitars: Paris Concert /2004 (2012) – live performance featuring Coryell, Badi Assad, and John Abercrombie
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Who’s Who of Jazz (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. p. 105. ISBN 0-85112-580-8.
- Keepnews, Peter (February 21, 2017). "Larry Coryell, Guitarist of Fusion Before It Had a Name, Dies at 73". The New York Times. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
- Varga, George. "Jazz fusion guitarist Larry Coryell dies at 73". Webcache.googleusercontent.com. Archived from the original on August 26, 2017. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
- Barth, Joe (2006). Voices in Jazz Guitar. Pacific, Missouri: Mel Bay. pp. 141–157. ISBN 0786676795.
- "Goodbye…Larry Coryell, 1943-2017". Elmore Magazine. February 21, 2017.
- Unterberger 1998, p. 329
- Coryell, Larry (2007). Improvising: My Life in Music. New York: Hal Leonard. p. 89.
- Riggs, Mike (March 19, 2009). "Larry Coryell Power Tri o". Washington City Paper. Retrieved November 9, 2010.
- Durkee, Cutler (November 13, 1978). "Jazz and Rock Are An Explosive Combination: So Are Guitarist Larry Coryell and Wife Julie". People. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
- Mandel, Howard (May 17, 2009). "Julie Coryell, jazz author, manager, muse". Jazz Beyond Jazz. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
- Sisario, Ben (May 28, 2009). "Julie Coryell, Contributor to Jazz-Rock Fusion Scene, Dies at 61". The New York Times. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
- West, Michael J. "The Rise and Decline of Guitarist Emily Remler". Jazztimes.com. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
- "Larry Coryell - an improvised life". Canadianchristianity.com. March 2, 2008. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
- "Forgotten Heroes: Emily Remler". Premierguitar.com. July 29, 2014. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
- "DownBeat Archives". Downbeat.com. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
- Cole, Tom; Hart, Otis (February 20, 2017). "Guitarist Larry Coryell, Godfather Of Fusion, Dies At 73". NPR.