Jovan Žujović

Jovan M. Žujović (Serbian Cyrillic: Јован M. Жујовић; 18 October 1856 – 19 July 1936) was a Serbian anthropologist, known as a pioneer in geology, paleontology and craniometry in Serbia.[1]

Jovan Žujović
Jovan Žujović, Uroš Predić.jpg
Portrait painted by Uroš Predić
Born(1856-10-18)18 October 1856
Died19 July 1936(1936-07-19) (aged 79)
Resting placeBelgrade New Cemetery
NationalitySerbian
Alma materUniversity of Belgrade, University of Paris
AwardsOrder of St. Sava 1910; Order of the White Eagle 1911; Legion of Honour 1911
Scientific career
FieldsAnthropology, Paleoanthropology, Geology
InstitutionsSerbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Signature
Zujovic.jpg

BiographyEdit

After studying in Paris,[2] he returned to Serbia and became the first Serb to scientifically research geology of Serbia and at the time neighbouring countries. Before Žujović, only two other scientists showed any interest in geology of Serbia, Johann Gottfried Herder and Ami Boué.

Žujović was named among the first four members of the Academy of Natural Sciences of the Serbian Royal Academy by King Milan I of Serbia on 5 April 1887. From 1915 to 1921, Žujović was the president of Serbian Royal Academy.[3]

He is known, among other things, for his work in anthropology. In his book, Stone Age, published in 1893, relying mostly on French scientists, he reviewed the contemporary state of knowledge in paleoanthropology.

Later, between 1927, and 1929, in the book Genesis of the Earth and Our Country, he wrote about the biological past of the Earth starting from the beginning of mankind. The work takes particular interest in the history of the Balkan peninsula.

He was also a member of Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts and Hungarian Academy of Sciences as well as geological society in Kiev, Ukraine.

In Serbian politics, he was a devoted democrat, Senator in 1901 and the member of the People's Radical Party of Nikola Pašić. After 1905, Žujović joined the Independent Radical Party of Ljubomir Stojanović. In the government of Independent Radicals, Žujović was a Minister of Foreign Affairs from 12 August to 15 December 1905. Also, Žujović held the post of Minister of Education and Religious Affairs on two occasions, from 16 May to 30 July 1905, and from 11 October 1909 to 12 September 1910.

Jovan Žujović had two brothers, Milenko Žujović, who authored books on jurisprudence, and Dr. Jevrem Žujović, whose mentor was Jean Alfred Fournier.

Selected WorksEdit

  • Geologische Uebersicht des Koenigreiches Serbien, Wien, 1886.
  • Sur les roches éruptives de la Serbie, Paris, 1893.
  • Sur les terrains sédimentaires de la Serbie, Paris, 1893.
  • Геологија Србије [Geology of Serbia] I-II, Belgrade 1893, 1900.
  • Општа геологија [General Geology], Belgrade 1923.
  • Les roches eruptives de la Serbie, Paris, 1924.

LegacyEdit

 
A bust of Žujović in Sopot, Belgrade

Žujović was decorated Legion of Honour, Order of St Sava, Order of the White Eagle and several French and Bulgarian decorations. He is included in The 100 most prominent Serbs.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ penziji, Luka Pešić. "Začetnik geologije". Politika Online. Retrieved 2019-07-07.
  2. ^ Serbia, RTS, Radio televizija Srbije, Radio Television of. "Istorija nauke: Jovan Žujović". www.rts.rs. Retrieved 2019-07-07.
  3. ^ "JUBILEJI 150- godišnjica rođenja Jovana Žujovića". www.planeta.rs. Retrieved 2019-07-07.

External linksEdit

Government offices
Preceded by
Andra Nikolić
Minister of Education of Serbia
1905
Succeeded by
Ljubomir Stojanović
Preceded by
Ljubomir Stojanović
Minister of Education of Serbia
1909–1910
Succeeded by
Jaša Prodanović
Preceded by
Nikola Pašić
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1905
Succeeded by
Vasilije Antonić
Academic offices
Preceded by
Vojislav Bakić
Rector of University of Belgrade
1896–1897
Succeeded by
Vojislav Bakić
Preceded by
Stojan Novaković
President of Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
1915–1921
Succeeded by
Jovan Cvijić