Order of St. Sava

The Order of St. Sava was a decoration of merits, awarded by the Kingdom of Serbia, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from 1883 to 1945. There is a same-named Order of merits, awarded by the Serbian Orthodox Church since 1985.

Order of St. Sava
Ster van de Orde van Sint-Sava 1883 - 1903.jpg
Star of the Serbian Order of St. Sava
Awarded by Kingdom of Serbia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Serbian Orthodox Church
TypeState Order (1883-1945)
Church Order (since 1985)
EligibilityCivilians, military members (since 1914).
Awarded forMeritorious achievements in the arts, science, education and religion
RibbonWhite with Light Blue stripes on either side
Statistics
Established23 January 1883
Total awardedunknown
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of the Cross of Takovo
(Kingdom of Serbia, 1883-1903)
Order of the White Eagle
(1903–1930)
Order of the Yugoslav Crown
(Kingdom of Yugoslavia, 1930-1941)
Order of Saint Sava - Ribbon bar.svg
The Ribbon of the Order

History of the state orderEdit

The Order of Saint Sava was established originally to recognize civilians for meritorious achievements to the Church, to arts and sciences, the royal house and the state. In 1914 a change was made permitting military personnel to receive the honor for military merit. The Order of St Sava was then awarded by the king of Yugoslavia until the abolishment of the monarchy in 1945. Five grades were awarded: Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander, Officer, and Knight. The first grade was a medal, worn with a sash over a shoulder and additionally with a breast star. The second and third-grade laureates wore the Order with a neckband. The fourth grade with a triangular suspension, a rosette was attached to the ribbon above the medal. The fifth grade had a triangular suspension without a rosette. The medals of the fourth and fifth grades were worn on the breast. All white ribbons had two light blue stripes.[1][2]

History of the church orderEdit

Since 1985, the Order has been awarded on the occasion of the 800th anniversary of St. Sava. This order is dedicated to ecclesiastic and secular persons, who have special merits for the Serbian Orthodox Church. According to the ordinance of the church, each person who received a medal of third grade may receive the medal of the higher grade as well as the first grade for future merits, provided that three years have passed at least since the previous award. The order is determined in three grades: the first one is white, the second red and the third blue colored.[3]

Laureates of the stateEdit

Laureates of the churchEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Orders and Medals Society of America, Medal collector No. 20/1969, About the Order
  2. ^ Official website of the Serbian Royal Family, About the Order Archived 2012-10-23 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Centre for Research of Orthodox Monarchism, About the Church Order
  4. ^ Acović 2013, p. 592
  5. ^ Acović 2013, p. 596
  6. ^ Acović 2013, p. 595
  7. ^ University of Edinburgh, Untold stories of people during First World War
  8. ^ a b c d e f for SRBIN info, Milica (2019-10-08). "Tesla, Palma, Djokovic, Kusturica, Karić: All Decorated With The Order Of Sv. Sava". СРБИН.ИНФО (in Serbian). Retrieved 2020-01-06.
  9. ^ Helen Keller Artifact Collection Archived 2017-08-06 at the Wayback Machine, American Foundation for the Blind
  10. ^ Acović 2013, p. 628
  11. ^ Acović 2013, p. 344
  12. ^ London Gazette
  13. ^ Radulovic, Nemanja. "Rerihov pokret u Kraljevini Jugoslaviji". Godišnjak Katedre za srpsku književnost sa južnoslovenskim književnostima, XI, 2016.
  14. ^ "Vreme - Kultura i politika: Selidba trajne pozajmice". www.vreme.com.
  15. ^ Acović 2013, p. 369
  16. ^ Tesla Society Switzerland, Man Who Illuminated The Planet, p. 7
  17. ^ Katherine Storr (2009). Excluded from the Record: Women, Refugees, and Relief, 1914-1929. Peter Lang. pp. 215–. ISBN 978-3-03911-855-7.
  18. ^ Association of Serbian Banks, Knight of Serbia, Georg I. Weifert p. 181
  19. ^ Tremblay, Yves (2005). "BAYLOCK, HARRY WOODBURN". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. 15. University of Toronto/Université Laval.
  20. ^ "Aleksandr Karelin, Order of St Sava: Neka Bog čuva Srbiju i Rusiju..." www.novosti.rs (in Serbian).
  21. ^ Acović 2013, p. 601
  22. ^ "Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin awarded the Serbian Orthodox Church's highest distinction | Serbian Orthodox Church [Official website]".

ReferencesEdit