Order of St. Sava
The Order of St. Sava was a decoration of merits, awarded by the Kingdom of Serbia, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from 1883 to 1945. There is a same named Order of merits, awarded by the Serbian Orthodox Church since 1985.
|Order of St. Sava|
Star of the Serbian Order of St. Sava
|Awarded by Kingdom of Serbia|
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Serbian Orthodox Church
|Type||State Order (1883-1945)|
Church Order (since 1985)
|Eligibility||Civilians, military members (since 1914).|
|Awarded for||Meritorious achievements in the arts, science, education and religion|
|Established||23 January 1883|
|Next (higher)||Order of the Cross of Takovo (Kingdom of Serbia, 1883-1903)|
Order of the White Eagle (1903–1930) Order of the Yugoslav Crown (Kingdom of Yugoslavia, 1930-)
History of the state orderEdit
The Order of Saint Sava was established originally to recognize civilians for meritorious achievements to the Church, to arts and sciences, the royal house and the state. In 1914 a change was made permitting military personnel to receive the honor for military merit. The Order of St Sava was then awarded by the king of Yugoslavia until the abolishment of the monarchy in 1945. Five grades were awarded: Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander, Officer and Knight. The first grade was a medal, worn with a sash over a shoulder and additionally with a breast star. The second and third grade laureates wore the Order with a neckband. The fourth grade with a triangular suspension, a rosette was attached to the ribbon above the medal. The fifth grade had a triangular suspension without a rosette. The medals of the fourth and fifth grades were worn on the breast. All white ribbons had two lightblue stripes.
History of the church orderEdit
Since 1985, the Order has been awarded on the occasion of the 800th anniversary of St. Sava. This order is dedicated to ecclesiastic and secular persons, who have special merits for the Serbian Orthodox Church. According to the ordinance of the church, each person who received a medal of third grade, may receive the medal of the higher grade as well as the first grade for future merits, provided that three years have passed at least since the previous award. The order is determined in three grades: the first one is white, the second red and the third blue colored.
Laureates of the stateEdit
- Nikola Tesla, 2nd Grade 1892
- William Hunter, 2nd Grade 1915
- Henry Joy Fynes-Clinton, 2nd Grade 1918, 1st Grade 1921
- Dragoljub Mihailović, 25 January 1928.
- Helen Keller, 3rd Grade 1931
- Herbert St Maur Carter, D.S.O., M.D., British Surgeon, Royal Army Medical Corps and British Red Cross (3rd Class 1917).
- Peter Norman Nissen
- Queen Kapiolani of Hawaii, Hawaii 1883, Letter by King Milan I to King Kalakaua, Hawaii State Archive
- Lady Isabel Emslie Hutton, Scottish physician and psychiatrist
- Harry Woodburn Blaylock
- Đorđe Vajfert (First Grade)
Laureates of the churchEdit
- Dejan Bodiroga
- Vlade Divac
- Emir Kusturica
- Vladeta Jerotić, 2001 (First Grade)
- Vladimir Putin
- Novak Đoković, 2011
- Aleksandr Karelin, 2013
- Very Rev. Marko B. Todorovich, 2015
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Order of St. Sava.|
- About the Order, Orders and Medals Society of America, Medal collector No. 20/1969, retrieved 2018-11-03.
- About, Official website of the Royal Family, retrieved 2018-11-03.
- About the Church Order, Centre for Research of Orthodox Monarchism, retrieved 2018-11-03.
- Man Who Illuminated The Planet (p. 7), Tesla Society Switzerland, retrieved 2018-11-23.
- Untold stories of people during First World War, University of Edinburgh, retrieved 2018-11-23.
- Helen Keller Artifact Collection, American Foundation for the Blind, retrieved 2018-11-23.
- London Gazette
- Tremblay, Yves (2005). "BAYLOCK, HARRY WOODBURN". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. 15. University of Toronto/Université Laval. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
- The Knight of Serbia, Georg I. Weifert (p. 181, in English), Association of Serbian Banks, retrieved 2018-11-04.