Order of St. Sava
The Order of St. Sava was a decoration of merits, awarded by the Kingdom of Serbia, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from 1883 to 1945. There is a same-named Order of merits, awarded by the Serbian Orthodox Church since 1985.
|Order of St. Sava|
Star of the Serbian Order of St. Sava
|Awarded by Kingdom of Serbia|
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Serbian Orthodox Church
|Type||State Order (1883-1945)|
Church Order (since 1985)
|Eligibility||Civilians, military members (since 1914).|
|Awarded for||Meritorious achievements in the arts, science, education and religion|
|Ribbon||White with Light Blue stripes on either side|
|Established||23 January 1883|
|Next (higher)||Order of the Cross of Takovo|
(Kingdom of Serbia, 1883-1903)
Order of the White Eagle
Order of the Yugoslav Crown
(Kingdom of Yugoslavia, 1930-1941)
The Ribbon of the Order
History of the state orderEdit
The Order of Saint Sava was established originally to recognize civilians for meritorious achievements to the Church, to arts and sciences, the royal house and the state. In 1914 a change was made permitting military personnel to receive the honor for military merit. The Order of St Sava was then awarded by the king of Yugoslavia until the abolishment of the monarchy in 1945. Five grades were awarded: Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander, Officer, and Knight. The first grade was a medal, worn with a sash over a shoulder and additionally with a breast star. The second and third-grade laureates wore the Order with a neckband. The fourth grade with a triangular suspension, a rosette was attached to the ribbon above the medal. The fifth grade had a triangular suspension without a rosette. The medals of the fourth and fifth grades were worn on the breast. All white ribbons had two light blue stripes.
History of the church orderEdit
Since 1985, the Order has been awarded on the occasion of the 800th anniversary of St. Sava. This order is dedicated to ecclesiastic and secular persons, who have special merits for the Serbian Orthodox Church. According to the ordinance of the church, each person who received a medal of third grade may receive the medal of the higher grade as well as the first grade for future merits, provided that three years have passed at least since the previous award. The order is determined in three grades: the first one is white, the second red and the third blue colored.
Laureates of the stateEdit
- William Cavendish-Bentinck, 6th Duke of Portland
- Thomas Cook
- Randall Davidson
- Henry Joy Fynes-Clinton, 2nd Grade 1918, 1st Grade 1921
- William Hunter, 2nd Grade 1915
- Lady Isabel Emslie Hutton, Scottish physician and psychiatrist
- Alois Jirásek, 1926
- Svetislav Jovanović, 1st Grade 1928
- Queen Kapiolani of Hawaii, Hawaii 1883
- Helen Keller, 3rd Grade 1931
- Grand Duke Dmitry Konstantinovich of Russia
- Dragoljub Mihailović, 25 January 1928.
- Milutin Milanković
- Peter Norman Nissen
- Louis Raemaekers, Dutch political cartoonist, 3rd Grade, 20 January 1933.
- Nicholas Roerich, 1932
- Marie of Romania
- Herbert St Maur Carter, D.S.O., M.D., British Surgeon, Royal Army Medical Corps and British Red Cross (3rd Class 1917)
- Nikola Tesla, 2nd Grade 1892
- Violetta Thurstan, English nurse, 1918
- Đorđe Vajfert (I grade)
- Harry Woodburn Blaylock
Laureates of the churchEdit
- Orders and Medals Society of America, Medal collector No. 20/1969, About the Order
- Official website of the Serbian Royal Family, About the Order Archived 2012-10-23 at the Wayback Machine
- Centre for Research of Orthodox Monarchism, About the Church Order
- Acović 2013, p. 592
- Acović 2013, p. 596
- Acović 2013, p. 595
- University of Edinburgh, Untold stories of people during First World War
- for SRBIN info, Milica (2019-10-08). "Tesla, Palma, Djokovic, Kusturica, Karić: All Decorated With The Order Of Sv. Sava". СРБИН.ИНФО (in Serbian). Retrieved 2020-01-06.
- Helen Keller Artifact Collection Archived 2017-08-06 at the Wayback Machine, American Foundation for the Blind
- Acović 2013, p. 628
- Acović 2013, p. 344
- London Gazette
- Radulovic, Nemanja. "Rerihov pokret u Kraljevini Jugoslaviji". Godišnjak Katedre za srpsku književnost sa južnoslovenskim književnostima, XI, 2016.
- "Vreme - Kultura i politika: Selidba trajne pozajmice". www.vreme.com.
- Acović 2013, p. 369
- Tesla Society Switzerland, Man Who Illuminated The Planet, p. 7
- Katherine Storr (2009). Excluded from the Record: Women, Refugees, and Relief, 1914-1929. Peter Lang. pp. 215–. ISBN 978-3-03911-855-7.
- Association of Serbian Banks, Knight of Serbia, Georg I. Weifert p. 181
- Tremblay, Yves (2005). "BAYLOCK, HARRY WOODBURN". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. 15. University of Toronto/Université Laval.
- "Aleksandr Karelin, Order of St Sava: Neka Bog čuva Srbiju i Rusiju..." www.novosti.rs (in Serbian).
- Acović 2013, p. 601
- "Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin awarded the Serbian Orthodox Church's highest distinction | Serbian Orthodox Church [Official website]".
- Dragomir M. Acović (2013). Glory and Honour: Decorations among Serbs (Slava i čast: odlikovanja među Srbima) (in Serbian). Službeni Glasnik. ISBN 978-86-519-1750-2.
- John Clarke (12 September 2000). Gallantry Medals & Decorations of the World. Pen and Sword. ISBN 978-1-4738-1451-6.
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