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Josias von Heeringen (9 March 1850 – 9 October 1926) was a German general of the imperial era who saw service in the First World War.

Josias von Heeringen
Josias von Heeringen c1914 (cropped).jpg
General Josias von Heeringen c. 1914
Born9 March 1850
Kassel, Electorate of Hesse
Died9 October 1926(1926-10-09) (aged 76)
Berlin-Charlottenburg, Germany
Allegiance German Empire
Service/branchFlag of the German Empire.svg Imperial German Army
Years of service1867–1918
RankGeneraloberst
Commands held
Battles/warsFranco-Prussian War
World War I
AwardsPour le Mérite with Oakleaves

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Heeringen was born in Kassel in the Electorate of Hesse. He was the son of Josias von Heeringen (1809–1885) and his wife Ehefrau Karoline von Starkloff (1817–1871). His younger brother August von Heeringen (* 26. November 1855 in Kassel; † 29. September 1927 in Berlin), served as a naval officer and was a Chief of the German Naval General Staff. Josias von Heeringen married in 1874 Augusta von Dewall.

CareerEdit

After a lengthy military career, he became a major in the ministry of war. From 1892 to 1895, he was head of department in the General Staff. In 1898 he was appointed a Major-General and made head of the army's department within the ministry of war.

In 1901 he was made a Generalleutnant and in 1903 became head of the 22nd Division.[1] In 1906 he was made a General der Infanterie, and also commander of the II Army Corps, whose headquarters was in Stettin. From 1909 to 1913, he was Prussian Minister of War, then became General Inspector of the II Army Inspectorate, headquartered in Berlin.

He took command of the Seventh Army in August 1914, the army that was being used as a decoy for the attempted German invasion of France, and he successfully defended Alsace against the French in the Battle of Mulhouse for which he was awarded the Pour le Mérite (28 August 1915). He became an honorary citizen of Kasel in 1914 and was awarded the oak leaves on 28 August 1916.[2] He commanded the Seventh Army until 1916, when he was transferred to coastal command in Germany for the rest of the war. He left active service with the rank of a Colonel General.

Later lifeEdit

From 1918 to 1926, he was president of the Kyffhäuserbund. He died on 9 October 1926 in Berlin-Charlottenburg.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Prussian Machine". Archived from the original on 20 December 2012. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
  2. ^ "Pour le Mérite". Retrieved 27 October 2012.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Karl von Einem
Prussian Minister of War
1909–1913
Succeeded by
Erich von Falkenhayn
Military offices
Preceded by
General der Kavallerie Arnold von Langenbeck
Commander, II Corps
21 September 1906 – 1 September 1909
Succeeded by
General der Infanterie Alexander von Linsingen
Preceded by
Formed from II Army Inspectorate
(II. Armee-Inspektion)
Commander, 7th Army
2 August 1914 – 28 August 1916
Succeeded by
General der Artillerie Richard von Schubert
Preceded by
Generaloberst Ludwig von Falkenhausen
Commander, High Command of Coastal Defence
29 August 1916 – 19 September 1918
Succeeded by
Dissolved