Prussian Ministry of War

  (Redirected from Prussian Minister of War)

The Prussian War Ministry was gradually established between 1808 and 1809 as part of a series of reforms initiated by the Military Reorganization Commission created after the disastrous Treaties of Tilsit. The War Ministry was to help bring the Army under constitutional review, and, along with the General Staff systematize the conduct of warfare. Gerhard von Scharnhorst, the most prominent and influential of the reformers, served as acting war minister from roughly 1808 until 1810 (he was also Chief of the General Staff).

HistoryEdit

The War Ministry was established on 25 December 1808, replacing the old military institutions.[1] The Ministry consisted of two departments. The first department was responsible for the command and condition of the army, the second for its financial administration.

At first, no War Minister was appointed due to the resistance of Frederick William III. Gerhard von Scharnhorst became head of the first department (the General War Department; Allgemeines Kriegsdepartement) and Lieutenant Colonel Graf Lottum became head of the second department. Scharnhorst also functioned as acting War Minister, as long as no permanent appointment was made.

The first department in turn consisted of three divisions. The first division represented the continuation of the old Adjutancy-General and was also known as the "secret military cabinet". It in turn had control over the general war chancellery. The second division of the War Ministry dealt with general army matters: troop formations, replacements and turnover, housing, military exercises, and mobilization. A third division was also created: the artillery and engineering division. This in turn comprised the artillery section, which dealt with artillery equipment, rifle production, ordnance production, gunpowder factories, etc.; and the engineering section, which was responsible for maintaining the fortresses.

The second department, the military economy department, had four divisions. The first division was responsible for pay, the second for catering, the third clothing and the fourth invalids.

In 1919, it formed the basis of Weimar Germany's Ministry of the Reichswehr.

LocationEdit

 
Ministry building on Leipziger Straße

For exactly one hundred years, from 1 January 1819 to 1 January 1919 (when the ministry ceased to exist) in the Friedrichstadt quarter of what is today Mitte:

Additional office usage

  • 1824 Wilhelmstrasse 81
  • 1871 Old General Staff building, Behrenstraße 66

General Staff

  • after approximately 1820: Behrenstraße 66 (now the rear part of offices belonging to the Russian embassy)
  • 1867/71 new building (Great General Staff) in the Tiergarten: Königsplatz (now the Platz der Republik), the western corner facing the Moltkestraße

Military cabinet

  • after approximately 1820: Hinter dem Gießhaus 2 (behind the Zeughaus)
  • around 1900: Behrenstraße 66

Prussian Ministers of War, 1808–1919Edit

† denotes people who died in office.

No. Portrait Minister Took office Left office Time in office
1von Scharnhorst, GerhardGerhard von Scharnhorst
(1755–1813)
1 March 180817 June 18102 years, 108 days
2von Hake, KarlKarl von Hake
(1768–1835)
17 June 1810August 18133 years
3von Boyen, HermannHermann von Boyen
(1771–1848)
3 June 181326 December 18196 years, 206 days
4von Hake, KarlKarl von Hake
(1768–1835)
26 December 181920 October 183313 years, 298 days
5von Witzleben, JobJob von Witzleben
(1783–1837)
25 April 1835April 18372 years
6von Rauch, GustavGustav von Rauch
(1774–1841)
30 July 183728 February 18413 years, 213 days
7von Boyen, HermannHermann von Boyen
(1771–1848)
1 March 18416 October 18476 years, 219 days
8von Rohr, FerdinandFerdinand von Rohr
(1782–1851)
6 October 18472 April 1848179 days
9von Reyher, KarlKarl von Reyher
(1786–1857)
2 April 184826 April 184824 days
10von Kanitz, August Wilhelm GrafAugust Wilhelm Graf von Kanitz
(1783–1852)
26 April 184816 June 184851 days
11von Schreckenstein, Ludwig Freiherr RothLudwig Freiherr Roth von Schreckenstein
(1789–1858)
16 June 18487 September 184883 days
12von Pfuel, ErnstErnst von Pfuel
(1779–1866)
7 September 18482 November 184856 days
13von Strotha, KarlKarl von Strotha
(1786–1870)
2 November 184827 February 18501 year, 117 days
14von Stockhausen, AugustAugust von Stockhausen
(1791–1861)
27 February 185031 December 18511 year, 307 days
15von Bonin, EduardEduard von Bonin
(1793–1865)
31 December 185118543 years
16von Waldersee, Friedrich GrafFriedrich Graf von Waldersee
(1795–1864)
18546 November 18584 years
17von Bonin, EduardEduard von Bonin
(1793–1865)
6 November 185828 November 18591 year, 22 days
18von Roon, AlbrechtAlbrecht von Roon
(1803–1879)
5 December 18599 November 187313 years, 339 days
19von Kameke, GeorgGeorg von Kameke
(1817–1893)
9 November 18733 March 18839 years, 114 days
20von Schellendorff, Paul BronsartPaul Bronsart von Schellendorff
(1832–1891)
3 March 18838 April 18896 years, 36 days
21von Verdy du Vernois, JuliusJulius von Verdy du Vernois
(1832–1910)
8 April 18894 October 18901 year, 179 days
22von Kaltenborn-Stachau, HansHans von Kaltenborn-Stachau
(1836–1898)
4 October 189019 October 18933 years, 15 days
23von Schellendorff, Walther BronsartWalther Bronsart von Schellendorff
(1833–1914)
[a]
19 October 189314 August 18962 years, 300 days
24von Gossler, HeinrichHeinrich von Gossler
(1841–1927)
14 August 189615 August 19037 years, 1 day
25von Einem, KarlKarl von Einem
(1853–1934)
15 August 190311 August 19095 years, 361 days
26von Heeringen, JosiasJosias von Heeringen
(1850–1926)
11 August 19097 June 19133 years, 300 days
27von Falkenhayn, ErichErich von Falkenhayn
(1861–1922)
7 June 191321 January 19151 year, 228 days
28von Hohenborn, Adolf WildAdolf Wild von Hohenborn
(1860–1925)
21 January 191529 October 19161 year, 282 days
29von Stein, HermannHermann von Stein
(1854–1927)
29 October 19169 October 19181 year, 345 days
30Scheuch, HeinrichHeinrich Scheuch
(1864–1946)
9 October 19182 January 191985 days
31Reinhardt, WaltherWalther Reinhardt
(1872–1930)
[b]
2 January 191913 September 1919254 days

For further succession, see List of German defence ministers.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Younger brother of Paul Bronsart von Schellendorff
  2. ^ Between 9 November 1918 and 2 January 1919 there was no Prussian Minister of War

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Levinger, Matthew Bernard, 1960- (2000). Enlightened nationalism : the transformation of Prussian political culture, 1806–1848. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195131851. OCLC 41445771.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)