Jola-Fonyi language

Jola (French: Diola; Jola: Joola), also called Jola-Fonyi (French: Diola-Fogny) and Kujamataak, is a language spoken by half a million people in the Casamance region of Senegal, and neighboring countries. Jola-Fonyi is one of several closely related Jola languages spoken in the area.

Native toGambia, Senegal
Native speakers
410,000 (ca.2006)[1]
Widespread as a second language
  • Buluf
  • Fonyi
  • Kombo
  • Kalounaye
  • Narang
Language codes
ISO 639-3dyo

Writing SystemEdit

In SenegalEdit

In Senegal, the decree No.  2005-981 created the official orthography of Jola.

Jola Alphabet (Senegal)
Uppercase A B C D E F G H I J K L M N Ñ Ŋ O P R S T U W Y
Lowercase a b c d e f g h i j k l m n ñ ŋ o p r s t u w y

Long vowels are indicated by doubling the letter: <aa ee ii oo uu>. The acute accent over a vowel <á é í ó ú> indicates that the advanced and retracted tongue root for that vowel and the other vowels of the words by vowel harmony.


  1. ^ Jola-Fonyi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Jola-Fonyi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.


  • Hopkins, Bradley L. 1995. Contribution à une etude de la syntaxe Diola-Fogny. Cahiers de Recherche Linguistique, 4. Dakar: Société Internationale de Linguistique.
  • Hopkins, Bradley and Elizabeth Hopkins. 1992. Apprentissage de la langue Diola-Fogny: Un cours pratique. Dakar: Société Internationale de Linguistique.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit