John Wrottesley, 2nd Baron Wrottesley

John Wrottesley, 2nd Baron Wrottesley PRS FRAS (5 August 1798 – 27 October 1867) was an English astronomer.[1][2]

The Lord Wrottesley

John Wrottesley ca1866.jpg
Born(1798-08-05)5 August 1798
Died27 October 1867(1867-10-27) (aged 69)
NationalityUnited Kingdom
AwardsGold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1839)
Scientific career
Fieldsastronomy
28th President of the Royal Society
In office
1854–1858
Preceded byWilliam Parsons
Succeeded byBenjamin Collins Brodie
Wrottesley Hall, family mansion

LifeEdit

Wrottesley was the son of John Wrottesley, 1st Baron Wrottesley, and his first wife Lady Caroline Bennet, daughter of Charles Bennet, 4th Earl of Tankerville. He succeeded his father as baron on 16 March 1841.

Wrottesley is distinguished for his attainments in astronomical science, was a founding member of the Royal Astronomical Society and served as its president from 1841 to 1842. In 1839 he received the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society for his Catalogue of the Right Ascensions of 1,318 Stars. In 1853 he called the attention of the House of Lords to Lieutenant Maury's valuable scheme of meteorological observations and discoveries, and on 30 November 1855 succeeded the Earl of Rosse as President of the Royal Society.[3]

The crater Wrottesley on the Moon is named in honour of John Wrottesley.

Lord Wrottesley died in October 1867, aged 69.

FamilyEdit

On 28 July 1821 Wrottesley married Sophia Elizabeth (d. 13 January 1880), third daughter of Thomas Giffard of Chillington in Staffordshire. By her he had five sons and two daughters. His two youngest sons—Henry and Cameron—were killed in warfare. He was succeeded in the baronetcy and barony by his eldest son Arthur Wrottesley.[4] George Wrottesley was his third son.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Armitage, J. (2006). "Lord John, 2nd Baron Wrottesley and the Wrottesley Hall Observatory". The Antiquarian Astronomer. Society for the History of Astronomy. 3: 5–10. Bibcode:2006AntAs...3....5A.
  2. ^ "John, Second Baron Wrottesley". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Royal Astronomical Society. 28 (4): 64–68. 1868. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  3. ^ Men of the Time, Biographical Sketches of Eminent Living Characters; London: David Bogue, Fleet Street. (1856) p.793
  4. ^ Lee, Sidney, ed. (1900). "Wrottesley, John" . Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 63. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  5. ^ Lee, Sidney, ed. (1912). "Wrottesley, George" . Dictionary of National Biography (2nd supplement). Vol. 3. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

External linksEdit

Attribution

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainLee, Sidney, ed. (1900). "Wrottesley, John". Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 63. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Baron Wrottesley
1841–1867
Succeeded by
Professional and academic associations
Preceded by 28th President of the Royal Society
1854–1858
Succeeded by