John St. John (American politician)
John St. John
|8th Governor of Kansas|
January 13, 1879 – January 8, 1883
|Lieutenant||Lyman U. Humphrey|
|Preceded by||George T. Anthony|
|Succeeded by||George Glick|
John Pierce St. John
February 25, 1833
Brookville, Indiana, U.S.
|Died||August 31, 1916 (aged 83)|
Olathe, Kansas, U.S.
St. John was born in Brookville, Indiana. He served as lieutenant colonel of the 143rd Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War. From 1873 he sat in the Kansas Senate, and was the Republican Governor of Kansas from 1879 to 1883. Active in the temperance movement, he successfully promoted a prohibition amendment to that state's constitution. St. John also helped create the Kansas Freedmen's Relief Association during the Great Exodus of African-Americans to Kansas in 1879.
He was the Prohibition Party candidate for President of the United States in the 1884 election. On October 2, 1884 he was nearly shot, with the bullet hitting the window next to him. He received 147,482 votes (about 1.5%) on a ticket with William Daniel. The election was won by Grover Cleveland of the Democratic Party. St. John was also surpassed by two other unsuccessful candidates:
- James Gillespie Blaine of the Republican Party.
- Benjamin Franklin Butler of the United States Greenback Party.
St. John died after suffering heat exhaustion on August 31, 1916 in Olathe, Kansas.
The city of St. John, Kansas, is named after him.
- "John St. John". Find a Grave. Retrieved February 15, 2008.
- Publications concerning Kansas Governor St. John's administration available via the KGI Online Library.
|Party political offices|
George T. Anthony
| Republican nominee for Governor of Kansas
1878, 1880, 1882
| Prohibition nominee for President of the United States
Clinton B. Fisk
George T. Anthony
| Governor of Kansas