John Llewellin, 1st Baron Llewellin

John Jestyn Llewellin, 1st Baron Llewellin GBE MC TD PC (6 February 1893 – 24 January 1957) was a British army officer, Conservative Party politician and minister in Winston Churchill's war government.

The Lord Llewellin
1st Governor-General of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
In office
4 September 1953 – 24 January 1957
MonarchElizabeth II
Prime MinisterViscount Malvern
Sir Roy Welensky
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded bySir Robert Clarkson Tredgold
Minister of Aircraft Production
In office
22 February 1942 – 22 November 1942
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Preceded byThe 1st Baron Brabazon of Tara
Succeeded bySir Stafford Cripps
President of the Board of Trade
In office
4 – 22 February 1942
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Preceded bySir Andrew Duncan
Succeeded byHugh Dalton
Member of Parliament
for Uxbridge
In office
30 May 1929 – 15 June 1945
Preceded bySir Dennistoun Burney, Bt
Succeeded byFrank Beswick
Personal details
Born(1893-02-06)6 February 1893
Died24 January 1957(1957-01-24) (aged 63)
Political partyConservative

Background edit

Llewellin was the son of William Llewellin, of Upton House, Dorset, and Frances Mary, daughter of L. D. Wigan. He was educated at Eton.[1]

Military career edit

Llewellin was commissioned into the Royal Garrison Artillery in 1914 and reached the rank of major during the First World War, winning the Military Cross in 1917.[2] He remained in the Territorial Army after the war and was promoted to lieutenant-colonel commanding the Dorset Heavy Brigade in 1932. He was promoted colonel in 1936 and retired in 1938. He was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1926,[3] promoted to a Commander (CBE) in 1939,[4] and then was made a Knight Grand Cross (GBE) in 1953.[5]

Political career edit

Llewellin was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Uxbridge in Middlesex in 1929. He held a number of ministerial posts in the Coalition government, eventually serving as President of the Board of Trade for two weeks in 1942.[citation needed] He subsequently became Minister of Aircraft Production until replaced by Sir Stafford Cripps in November 1942.[6] Later, Llewellin served on the Combined Policy Committee set up by the British and United States governments under the Quebec Agreement of 1943 to oversee the construction of the atomic bomb.[citation needed]

In December 1943 Llewellin's seat on the committee was assumed by Sir Ronald Campbell and Llewellin became Minister of Food, the position he held until the Churchill government fell to the Labour Party of Clement Attlee in July 1945.[citation needed] Llewellin lost his seat in the election and was raised to the peerage as Baron Llewellin, of Upton in the County of Dorset.[7] After the war he served as Governor General of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland between 1953 and his death in January 1957.[citation needed]

Personal life edit

Lord Lewellin died in January 1957, aged 63. The barony became extinct with his death.

Arms edit

Coat of arms of John Llewellin, 1st Baron Llewellin
A lamb passant Argent supporting with the dexter forefoot a flagstaff in bend sinister Proper therefrom flowing a banner Gules charged with a spear head Or between two wings of the third on each a like spear head.
Gules three chevronels couped Ermine between as many spear heads Or.
Dexter a farmer holding in the exterior hand a hay-fork; sinister an officer of the Merchant Navy holding in the exterior hand a pair of binoculars all Proper.
Duw Fo Ar Fy Rhan [8]

References edit

  1. ^ John Jestyn Llewellin, 1st and last Baron Llewellin
  2. ^ "No. 30450". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 January 1918. p. 40.
  3. ^ "No. 33179". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 July 1926. p. 4408.
  4. ^ "No. 34633". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 June 1939. p. 3858.
  5. ^ "No. 39933". The London Gazette. 7 August 1953. p. 4303.
  6. ^ Butler & Butler 1994, pp. 17–20.
  7. ^ "No. 37287". The London Gazette. 28 September 1945. p. 4814.
  8. ^ Burke's Peerage. 1856.

Bibliography edit

  • Butler, David; Butler, Gareth (1994). British Political Facts 1900–1994 (7 ed.). Basingstoke and London: The Macmillan Press.

External links edit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Uxbridge
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by President of the Board of Trade
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister of Aircraft Production
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister of Food
Succeeded by
Government offices
New title Governor-General of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
Succeeded by
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Llewellin