John Harold Kander (born March 18, 1927) is an American composer, known largely for his work in the musical theater. As part of the songwriting team Kander and Ebb (featuring lyricist Fred Ebb), Kander wrote the scores for 15 musicals, including Cabaret (1966) and Chicago (1975), both of which were later adapted into acclaimed films. He and Ebb also wrote the standard "New York, New York" (also known as "Theme from New York, New York").
Kander in 1998
|Birth name||John Harold Kander|
|Born||March 18, 1927|
Kansas City, Missouri, U.S.
|Genres||Musical theatre, film, television|
|Associated acts||Kander and Ebb|
Early life and educationEdit
His father, Harold S. Kander, worked in his father-in-law's egg and poultry business, while instilling a love of life and a healthy interest in the arts in John and his brother, Edward. His parents regularly brought their two sons to local theater and orchestra concerts, and every year treated them to a trip to New York City to see theater.
Kander attended his first opera performances at the age of nine, when the San Carlo Opera came to Kansas City with their productions of Aida and Madama Butterfly. According to Kander, "My mother took me and we sat in the first row. There were these giants on the stage, and my feet were dangling over my seat. It was overwhelming for me, even though I could see the strings that held the beards on the Egyptian soldiers.... My interest in telling a story through music in many ways derived from early experiences like those."
Kander was raised in Kansas City, and attended Westport High School, before transferring to the Pembroke Country-Day School. During the 1940s, Kander joined the United States Merchant Marine Cadet Corps. After completing his training in California and sailing between San Francisco and Asia, Kander left the Corps on May 3, 1946.
However, due to rule changes governing national service, he was forced to enlist in the Army Reserves in September of the same year, after having already completed one semester at the Oberlin Conservatory of Music. During the Korean War, Kander was ordered back into active duty, but he was forced to remain in New York City for six months of observation after a medical physical revealed scars on his lungs. He was officially discharged on July 3, 1957.
Kander studied music at Oberlin College and Columbia University, where he was a protégé of Douglas Moore and studied composition with Jack Beeson and Otto Luening. He earned his master's degree from Columbia University in 1953.
Following his studies, Kander began conducting at summer theaters before serving as a rehearsal pianist for the musical West Side Story by Leonard Bernstein and Jerome Robbins in New York. While working, Kander met the choreographer, Jerome Robbins, who suggested that Kander compose the dance music for the show in 1959. After that experience, he wrote dance arrangements for Irma la Douce in 1960.
Kander's first produced musical was A Family Affair in 1962, written with James and William Goldman. The same year, Kander met Fred Ebb through their mutual publisher, Tommy Volando. The first song Kander and Ebb wrote together, "My Coloring Book," was made popular by a recording from Sandy Stewart and their second song, "I Don't Care Much," was made famous by Barbra Streisand, and Kander and Ebb became a permanent team.
In 1965, Kander and Ebb wrote music for their first show on Broadway, Flora the Red Menace, produced by Hal Prince, directed by George Abbott, and with book by George Abbott and Robert Russell, in which Liza Minnelli made her Broadway debut.
Kander and Ebb have since been associated with writing material for both Liza Minnelli and Chita Rivera (including the musicals Zorba, Chicago, The Rink, and Kiss of the Spider Woman) and have produced special material for their appearances live and on television, such as Liza with a Z.
The Broadway musicals Cabaret and Chicago have been made into films. The film version of Chicago won several 2002 Academy Awards, including for best picture, film editing, costume design, art direction and sound. In his musicological and biographical study of the collaboration of Kander and Ebb, James Leve discusses the full history of Cabaret and Chicago in chapters titled "The Divinely Decadent Lives of Cabaret" and "Chicago: Broadway to Hollywood." As Leve notes, Cabaret, which is a musical adaptation of Christopher Isherwood's The Berlin Stories, was an "ideal vehicle for Kander and Ebb's brittle and self-referential brand of musical theater." This insight also holds true for Chicago.
Kander, along with Ebb, also wrote songs for Thornton Wilder's The Skin of Our Teeth, and it was set to premiere in London, but the rights were pulled by Wilder's nephew. He also says that Harvey Schmidt and Tom Jones, the writers of The Fantasticks, wrote a musical of Wilder's Our Town and it took them thirteen years to write, only to have the rights pulled as well by the nephew.
Kander's first musical without Ebb in many years, The Landing, with book and lyrics by Greg Pierce, premiered Off-Broadway at the Vineyard Theatre on October 23, 2013. The musical, which was a series of three "mini-musicals" was directed by Walter Bobbie and starred David Hyde Pierce and Julia Murney. Kander's musical Kid Victory, with book and lyrics by Greg Pierce, had its world premiere February 28, 2015 at the Signature Theatre in Arlington, VA. Kid Victory premiered Off-Broadway at the Vineyard Theatre on February 1, 2017 in previews, and opened officially on February 22, 2017. Direction is by Liesl Tommy with choreography by Christopher Windom. The cast features Jeffry Denman and Karen Ziemba.
Kander (music) and David Thompson (lyrics) wrote the dance play The Beast in the Jungle which opened Off-Broadway at the Vineyard Theatre. The play is directed and choreographed by Susan Stroman, and features Tony Yazbeck and Irina Dvorovenko. Kander collaborated with Lin-Manuel Miranda for Miranda's Hamildrop series: “Cheering for Me Now” (lyrics Miranda and music Kander) is an uplifting track about New York’s ratification of the constitution.
James Leve discusses Kander's prolific career and his late musical style in the essay, "John Kander: the First Ninety-Two Years."
Lyrics by Fred Ebb unless otherwise noted
- A Family Affair (1962) – lyrics by William Goldman
- Flora the Red Menace (1965)
- Cabaret (1966)
- Go Fly a Kite (1966) – music and lyrics also by Walter Marks
- The Happy Time (1968)
- Zorba (1968)
- 70, Girls, 70 (1971)
- Chicago (1976)
- The Act (1978)
- Woman of the Year (1981)
- The Rink (1984)
- Diamonds (1984) – two songs: "Winter In New York" and "Diamonds Are Forever"
- And The World Goes 'Round (1991)
- Kiss of the Spider Woman (1992)
- Steel Pier (1997)
- Fosse (1999)
- Over and Over (1999) – working title: The Skin Of Our Teeth
- The Visit (2001)
- Curtains (2006) – additional lyrics by Kander and Rupert Holmes
- All About Us (2007 revision of Over and Over)
- The Scottsboro Boys (2010) (Additional lyrics by Kander)
- The Landing (2013) - lyrics by Greg Pierce
- Kid Victory (2015) - lyrics by Greg Pierce
- The Beast in the Jungle (2018)
Film and televisionEdit
Kander and Ebb also contributed songs for the following movies:
- Cabaret (1972) – 12 songs (mostly originally from the musical of the same name)
- Funny Lady (1975) – 6 songs
- Lucky Lady (1976) – 2 songs
- A Matter of Time, aka Nina (1976) – 2 songs
- New York, New York (1977) – 4 songs
- French Postcards (1979) – 1 song
- Stepping Out (1991) – 1 song ("Stepping Out")
- Chicago (2002) – 15 songs (mostly originally from the musical of the same name, plus one song cut from the original show, which runs under the end credits)
- Film scores
- Something for Everyone (1970)
- Kramer vs. Kramer (1979)
- Still of the Night (1982)
- Blue Skies Again (1983)
- Places in the Heart (1984)
- An Early Frost (TV film, NBC, 1985)
- I Want to Go Home (1989)
- Billy Bathgate (1991)
- Breathing Lessons (TV film, CBS, 1994)
- The Boys Next Door (TV film, CBS, 1996)
- Tony Award, Composer and Lyricist, 1967, for Cabaret
- Tony Award , Original Score, 1981, for Woman Of The Year
- Tony Award , Original Score, 1993, for Kiss Of The Spiderwoman
- Drama Desk Award, Outstanding Lyrics, 2010, for The Scottsboro Boys
- Laurence Olivier Award, 1998, for the London production of Chicago
- Emmy Award, 1973, for Liza With A Z
- Emmy Award, 1993, for Liza Minnelli Live! From Radio City Music Hall
- Grammy Award, 1967, for Cabaret, Original Cast Album
- Grammy Award, 1998, for Chicago, Musical Show Album
- Green, Stanley (1984). The World of Musical Comedy: The Story of the American Musical Stage as Told through the Careers of Its Foremost Composers and Lyricists. New York, NY: Da Capo. p. 331. ISBN 0498023443.
- Bloom, Nate (June 10, 2011). "Jewish Stars 6/10". Cleveland Jewish News. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
- Leve, James (2009). Kander and Ebb (Yale Broadway Masters Series). New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 12. ISBN 0300114877.
- John Kander (April 7, 2010). "Passing Through Curtains". NewMusicBox (Interview). Interviewed by Frank J. Oteri (published May 1, 2010).
- "Person List". Playbill. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
- "Flora, the Red Menace Broadway @ Alvin Theatre - Tickets and Discounts". Playbill. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
- "Liza Broadway @ Winter Garden Theatre - Tickets and Discounts". Playbill. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
- Schillinger, Liesl. "Suddenly Liza". New York. New York Media, LLC. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
- Lyman, Rick (March 24, 2003). "'Chicago' Is Big Oscar Winner, but 'Pianist' Surprises; Hollywood Glamour Still Stars at Ceremony, but Security and War Play Supporting Roles". The New York Times. A. G. Sulzberger. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
- Leve, James (2009). Kander and Ebb. Yale University Press. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-300-11487-4.
- Cerasaro, Pat (November 2, 2010). "InDepth InterView: John Kander". Broadway World. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- "John Kander, Greg Pierce and Nicky Silver announced for 2013-14 Season". Vineyard Theatre. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- "The Verdict: Critics Review John Kander-Greg Pierce Musical The Landing, Starring David Hyde Pierce, Off-Broadway". Playbill. October 24, 2013. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
- Clement, Olivia (February 28, 2015). "New John Kander Musical Kid Victory Opens Tonight at the Signature". Playbill. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- Clement, Olivia (February 22, 2017). "John Kander's Kid Victory Musical Opens Off-Broadway". Playbill. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
- Clement, Olivia (May 23, 2018). "World Premiere of Beast in the Jungle Opens Off-Broadway". Playbill. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
- Legaspi, Althea (11/17/2019). "See Lin-Manuel Miranda Celebrate Diversity in 'Cheering for Me Now' Video". Rolling Stone. Check date values in:
- Leve, James (2019). "John Kander: the first Ninety-Two Years". The Routledge Companion to the Contemporary Musical.
- Teeman, Tim (October 16, 2012). "John Kander: Life is still a cabaret". The Times. News UK. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- "Broadway Composer John Kander Reflects On A Career Of 'Hidden Treasures'". Fresh Air. November 25, 2015. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- Newmark, Judith (June 24, 2012). "John Kander brings his memories to Muny's 'Chicago'". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- "Baryshnikov on Broadway". Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
- O'Connor, John J. (May 29, 1986). "'LIZA IN LONDON' PRESENTED ON HBO". The New York Times. A. G. Sulzberger. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
- "Notes for John Kander". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved July 4, 2014.[permanent dead link]
- "List of Kennedy Center Honorees". John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Archived from the original on November 15, 2013. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- Gans, Andrew (December 12, 2017). "Tony Winner John Kander Will Receive Signature's Stephen Sondheim Award". Playbill. Retrieved April 7, 2018.